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Title: Photothermal method for in situ microanalysis of the chemical composition of coal samples

Abstract

Successive minute regions along a scan path on a coal sample are individually analyzed, at a series of different depths if desired, to determine chemical composition including the locations, sizes and distributions of different maceral inclusions. A sequence of infrared light pulses of progressively changing wavelengths is directed into each minute region and a probe light beam is directed along the sample surface adjacent the region. Infrared wavelengths at which strong absorption occurs in the region are identified by detecting the resulting deflections of the probe beam caused by thermally induced index of refraction changes in the air or other medium adjacent the region. The detected peak absorption wavelengths are correlated with known characteristic peak absorption wavelengths of specific coal constituents to identify the composition of each such minute region of the sample. The method enables rapid, convenient and non-destructive analyses of coal specimens to facilitate mining, processing and utilization of coals. 2 figures.

Inventors:
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6867935
Application Number:
ON: DE84014497
Assignee:
Dept. of Energy ERA-09-035082; EDB-84-114062
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48; AC03-76SF00098
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions are illegible in microfiche products
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; COAL; CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; MACERALS; INFRARED SPECTRA; NONDESTRUCTIVE ANALYSIS; PROBES; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; ENERGY SOURCES; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; MATERIALS; SPECTRA 010600* -- Coal, Lignite, & Peat-- Properties & Composition

Citation Formats

Amer, N.M. Photothermal method for in situ microanalysis of the chemical composition of coal samples. United States: N. p., 1983. Web.
Amer, N.M. Photothermal method for in situ microanalysis of the chemical composition of coal samples. United States.
Amer, N.M. Tue . "Photothermal method for in situ microanalysis of the chemical composition of coal samples". United States.
@article{osti_6867935,
title = {Photothermal method for in situ microanalysis of the chemical composition of coal samples},
author = {Amer, N.M.},
abstractNote = {Successive minute regions along a scan path on a coal sample are individually analyzed, at a series of different depths if desired, to determine chemical composition including the locations, sizes and distributions of different maceral inclusions. A sequence of infrared light pulses of progressively changing wavelengths is directed into each minute region and a probe light beam is directed along the sample surface adjacent the region. Infrared wavelengths at which strong absorption occurs in the region are identified by detecting the resulting deflections of the probe beam caused by thermally induced index of refraction changes in the air or other medium adjacent the region. The detected peak absorption wavelengths are correlated with known characteristic peak absorption wavelengths of specific coal constituents to identify the composition of each such minute region of the sample. The method enables rapid, convenient and non-destructive analyses of coal specimens to facilitate mining, processing and utilization of coals. 2 figures.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1983},
month = {10}
}