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Title: Method of making fine-grained triaminotrinitrobenzene

Abstract

A method is given for forming a fine-grained species of the insensitive high explosive sym-triaminotrinitrobenzene (TATB) without grinding. In accordance with the method, 1,3,5-trichloro-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (TCTNB) is aminated by reaction with gaseous ammonia in an emulsion of toluene in water. The ratio of water to toluene in the emulsion is selected so that toluene is the dispersed phase in the emulsion. The size of the dispersed TCTNB-containing toluene droplets determines the particle size of the resulting TATB. The emulsion is preferably formed with an emulsifier such as ammonium oleate, which may be generated in situ from oleic acid, and stabilized with a protective colloid such as polyvinyl alcohol.

Inventors:
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6828256
Application Number:
ON: DE84012754
Assignee:
ERA-09-029164; EDB-84-094231
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions are illegible in microfiche products
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; TATB; SYNTHESIS; AMINATION; AMMONIA; EMULSIONS; CHEMICAL EXPLOSIVES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; COLLOIDS; DISPERSIONS; EXPLOSIVES; HYDRIDES; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; NITROGEN HYDRIDES 450100* -- Military Technology, Weaponry, & National Defense-- Chemical Explosions & Explosives

Citation Formats

Benziger, T.M. Method of making fine-grained triaminotrinitrobenzene. United States: N. p., 1983. Web.
Benziger, T.M. Method of making fine-grained triaminotrinitrobenzene. United States.
Benziger, T.M. Tue . "Method of making fine-grained triaminotrinitrobenzene". United States.
@article{osti_6828256,
title = {Method of making fine-grained triaminotrinitrobenzene},
author = {Benziger, T.M.},
abstractNote = {A method is given for forming a fine-grained species of the insensitive high explosive sym-triaminotrinitrobenzene (TATB) without grinding. In accordance with the method, 1,3,5-trichloro-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (TCTNB) is aminated by reaction with gaseous ammonia in an emulsion of toluene in water. The ratio of water to toluene in the emulsion is selected so that toluene is the dispersed phase in the emulsion. The size of the dispersed TCTNB-containing toluene droplets determines the particle size of the resulting TATB. The emulsion is preferably formed with an emulsifier such as ammonium oleate, which may be generated in situ from oleic acid, and stabilized with a protective colloid such as polyvinyl alcohol.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1983},
month = {7}
}