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Title: Dielectric-wall linear accelerator with a high voltage fast rise time switch that includes a pair of electrodes between which are laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators

Abstract

A dielectric-wall linear accelerator is improved by a high-voltage, fast rise-time switch that includes a pair of electrodes between which are laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators. A high voltage is placed between the electrodes sufficient to stress the voltage breakdown of the insulator on command. A light trigger, such as a laser, is focused along at least one line along the edge surface of the laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators extending between the electrodes. The laser is energized to initiate a surface breakdown by a fluence of photons, thus causing the electrical switch to close very promptly. Such insulators and lasers are incorporated in a dielectric wall linear accelerator with Blumlein modules, and phasing is controlled by adjusting the length of fiber optic cables that carry the laser light to the insulator surface. 12 figs.

Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
University of California
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
675860
Patent Number(s):
5,821,705
Application Number:
PAN: 8-668,669; TRN: 99:001153
Assignee:
Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States) PTO; SCA: 430100; PA: EDB-99:003087; SN: 98002028010
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 13 Oct 1998
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; LINEAR ACCELERATORS; DIELECTRIC MATERIALS; DESIGN; SWITCHES; LASERS; POWER SUPPLIES; ELECTRODES

Citation Formats

Caporaso, G.J., Sampayan, S.E., and Kirbie, H.C. Dielectric-wall linear accelerator with a high voltage fast rise time switch that includes a pair of electrodes between which are laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators. United States: N. p., 1998. Web.
Caporaso, G.J., Sampayan, S.E., & Kirbie, H.C. Dielectric-wall linear accelerator with a high voltage fast rise time switch that includes a pair of electrodes between which are laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators. United States.
Caporaso, G.J., Sampayan, S.E., and Kirbie, H.C. Tue . "Dielectric-wall linear accelerator with a high voltage fast rise time switch that includes a pair of electrodes between which are laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators". United States.
@article{osti_675860,
title = {Dielectric-wall linear accelerator with a high voltage fast rise time switch that includes a pair of electrodes between which are laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators},
author = {Caporaso, G.J. and Sampayan, S.E. and Kirbie, H.C.},
abstractNote = {A dielectric-wall linear accelerator is improved by a high-voltage, fast rise-time switch that includes a pair of electrodes between which are laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators. A high voltage is placed between the electrodes sufficient to stress the voltage breakdown of the insulator on command. A light trigger, such as a laser, is focused along at least one line along the edge surface of the laminated alternating layers of isolated conductors and insulators extending between the electrodes. The laser is energized to initiate a surface breakdown by a fluence of photons, thus causing the electrical switch to close very promptly. Such insulators and lasers are incorporated in a dielectric wall linear accelerator with Blumlein modules, and phasing is controlled by adjusting the length of fiber optic cables that carry the laser light to the insulator surface. 12 figs.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1998},
month = {10}
}