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Title: Fuel processor for fuel cell power system. [Conversion of methanol into hydrogen]

Abstract

A catalytic organic fuel processing apparatus, which can be used in a fuel cell power system, contains within a housing a catalyst chamber, a variable speed fan, and a combustion chamber. Vaporized organic fuel is circulated by the fan past the combustion chamber with which it is in indirect heat exchange relationship. The heated vaporized organic fuel enters a catalyst bed where it is converted into a desired product such as hydrogen needed to power the fuel cell. During periods of high demand, air is injected upstream of the combustion chamber and organic fuel injection means to burn with some of the organic fuel on the outside of the combustion chamber, and thus be in direct heat exchange relation with the organic fuel going into the catalyst bed.

Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
6676688
Application Number:
ON: DE87007292
Assignee:
Dept. of Energy
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; FUEL CELL POWER PLANTS; FUEL SUPPLIES; METHANOL; CONVERSION; CATALYSTS; EVAPORATION; HYDROGEN; PROCESSING; ALCOHOLS; ELEMENTS; ENERGY SUPPLIES; HYDROXY COMPOUNDS; NONMETALS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; POWER PLANTS; 300503* - Fuel Cells- Materials, Components, & Auxiliaries; 330300 - Advanced Propulsion Systems- Electric-Powered Systems

Citation Formats

Vanderborgh, N E, Springer, T E, and Huff, J R. Fuel processor for fuel cell power system. [Conversion of methanol into hydrogen]. United States: N. p., 1986. Web.
Vanderborgh, N E, Springer, T E, & Huff, J R. Fuel processor for fuel cell power system. [Conversion of methanol into hydrogen]. United States.
Vanderborgh, N E, Springer, T E, and Huff, J R. Tue . "Fuel processor for fuel cell power system. [Conversion of methanol into hydrogen]". United States.
@article{osti_6676688,
title = {Fuel processor for fuel cell power system. [Conversion of methanol into hydrogen]},
author = {Vanderborgh, N E and Springer, T E and Huff, J R},
abstractNote = {A catalytic organic fuel processing apparatus, which can be used in a fuel cell power system, contains within a housing a catalyst chamber, a variable speed fan, and a combustion chamber. Vaporized organic fuel is circulated by the fan past the combustion chamber with which it is in indirect heat exchange relationship. The heated vaporized organic fuel enters a catalyst bed where it is converted into a desired product such as hydrogen needed to power the fuel cell. During periods of high demand, air is injected upstream of the combustion chamber and organic fuel injection means to burn with some of the organic fuel on the outside of the combustion chamber, and thus be in direct heat exchange relation with the organic fuel going into the catalyst bed.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1986},
month = {1}
}