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Title: Electrochemical method of producing eutectic uranium alloy and apparatus

An apparatus and method are disclosed for continuous production of liquid uranium alloys through the electrolytic reduction of uranium chlorides. The apparatus includes an electrochemical cell formed from an anode shaped to form an electrolyte reservoir, a cathode comprising a metal, such as iron, capable of forming a eutectic uranium alloy having a melting point less than the melting point of pure uranium, and molten electrolyte in the reservoir comprising a chlorine or fluorine containing salt and uranium chloride. The method of the invention produces an eutectic uranium alloy by creating an electrolyte reservoir defined by a container comprising an anode, placing an electrolyte in the reservoir, the electrolyte comprising a chlorine or fluorine containing salt and uranium chloride in molten form, positioning a cathode in the reservoir where the cathode comprises a metal capable of forming an uranium alloy having a melting point less than the melting point of pure uranium, and applying a current between the cathode and the anode. 2 figures.
Inventors:
;
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6659389
Assignee:
Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States) PTO; EDB-95-029131
Patent Number(s):
US 5380406; A
Application Number:
PPN: US 8-141754
Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 27 Oct 1993
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS; DESIGN; URANIUM ALLOYS; SYNTHESIS; URANIUM CHLORIDES; ELECTROLYSIS; EUTECTICS; ACTINIDE ALLOYS; ACTINIDE COMPOUNDS; ALLOYS; CHLORIDES; CHLORINE COMPOUNDS; HALIDES; HALOGEN COMPOUNDS; LYSIS; URANIUM COMPOUNDS 360101* -- Metals & Alloys-- Preparation & Fabrication