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Title: Molten salt lithium cells

Abstract

Lithium-based cells are promising for applications such as electric vehicles and load-leveling for power plants since lithium is very electropositive and light weight. One type of lithium-based cell utilizes a molten salt electrolyte and is operated in the temperature range of about 400 to 500/sup 0/C. Such high temperature operation accelerates corrosion problems and a substantial amount of energy is lost through heat transfer. The present invention provides an electrochemical cell which may be operated at temperatures between about 100 to 170/sup 0/C. The cell is comprised of an electrolyte, which preferably includes lithium nitrate, and a lithium or lithium alloy electrode.

Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6633969
Assignee:
Dept. of Energy TIC; ERA-06-018729; EDB-81-056280
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-77ET25402
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; DESIGN; ELECTRIC-POWERED VEHICLES; ELECTRODES; ELECTROLYTES; LITHIUM ALLOYS; LITHIUM NITRATES; MOLTEN SALTS; OFF-PEAK ENERGY STORAGE; ALKALI METAL COMPOUNDS; ALLOYS; ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS; ENERGY STORAGE; LITHIUM COMPOUNDS; NITRATES; NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; SALTS; STORAGE; VEHICLES 250901* -- Energy Storage-- Batteries-- Design & Development

Citation Formats

Raistrick, I.D., Poris, J., and Huggins, R.A. Molten salt lithium cells. United States: N. p., 1980. Web.
Raistrick, I.D., Poris, J., & Huggins, R.A. Molten salt lithium cells. United States.
Raistrick, I.D., Poris, J., and Huggins, R.A. Fri . "Molten salt lithium cells". United States.
@article{osti_6633969,
title = {Molten salt lithium cells},
author = {Raistrick, I.D. and Poris, J. and Huggins, R.A.},
abstractNote = {Lithium-based cells are promising for applications such as electric vehicles and load-leveling for power plants since lithium is very electropositive and light weight. One type of lithium-based cell utilizes a molten salt electrolyte and is operated in the temperature range of about 400 to 500/sup 0/C. Such high temperature operation accelerates corrosion problems and a substantial amount of energy is lost through heat transfer. The present invention provides an electrochemical cell which may be operated at temperatures between about 100 to 170/sup 0/C. The cell is comprised of an electrolyte, which preferably includes lithium nitrate, and a lithium or lithium alloy electrode.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1980},
month = {7}
}