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Title: Method of forming calthrate ice

Abstract

A method of forming clathrate ice in a supercooled water-based liquid contained in a vessel is disclosed. Initially, an oscillator device is located in the liquid in the vessel. The oscillator device is then oscillated ultransonically so that small crystals are formed in the liquid. Thes small crystals serve as seed crystals for ice formation in the liquid and thereby prevent supercooling of the liquid. Preferably, the oscillating device is controlled by a thermostat which initiates operation of the oscillator device when the temperature of the liquid is lowered to the freezing point. Thereafter, the operation of the oscillator device is terminated when ice is sensed in the liquid by an ice sensor.

Inventors:
;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
5464160
Application Number:
ON: DE86013765
Assignee:
Dept. of Energy
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31-109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions of this document are illegible in microfiche products
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; ICE; PRODUCTION; CLATHRATES; COLD STORAGE; STORAGE; 250600* - Energy Storage- Thermal

Citation Formats

Hino, T, and Gorski, A J. Method of forming calthrate ice. United States: N. p., 1985. Web.
Hino, T, & Gorski, A J. Method of forming calthrate ice. United States.
Hino, T, and Gorski, A J. Mon . "Method of forming calthrate ice". United States.
@article{osti_5464160,
title = {Method of forming calthrate ice},
author = {Hino, T and Gorski, A J},
abstractNote = {A method of forming clathrate ice in a supercooled water-based liquid contained in a vessel is disclosed. Initially, an oscillator device is located in the liquid in the vessel. The oscillator device is then oscillated ultransonically so that small crystals are formed in the liquid. Thes small crystals serve as seed crystals for ice formation in the liquid and thereby prevent supercooling of the liquid. Preferably, the oscillating device is controlled by a thermostat which initiates operation of the oscillator device when the temperature of the liquid is lowered to the freezing point. Thereafter, the operation of the oscillator device is terminated when ice is sensed in the liquid by an ice sensor.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1985},
month = {9}
}