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Title: Isotropically sensitive optical filter employing atomic resonance transitions

Abstract

An ultra-high Q isotropically sensitive optical filter or optical detector is disclosed employing atomic resonance transitions. More specifically, atomic resonance transitions utilized in conjunction with two optical bandpass filters provide an optical detector having a wide field of view (approx. 2 ..pi.. steradians) and very narrow acceptance bandwidth approaching 0.01A. A light signal to be detected is transmitted through an outer bandpass filter into a resonantly absorbing atomic vapor, the excited atomic vapor than providing a fluorescence signal at a different wavelength which is transmitted through an inner bandpass filters have no common transmission band, therby resulting in complete blockage of all optical signals that are not resonantly shifted in wavelength by the intervening atomic vapor. Two embodiments are disclosed, one in which the light signal raises atoms contained in the atomic vapor from the ground state to an excited state from which fluorescence occurs, and the other in which a pump laser is used to raise the atoms in the ground state to a first excited state from which the light signal then is resonantly absorbed, thereby raising the atoms to a second excited state from which fluorescence occurs. A specific application is described in which an optical detectormore » according to the present invention can be located in an orbiting satellite.« less

Inventors:
OSTI Identifier:
5268788
Assignee:
TIC; ERA-05-029482; EDB-80-085174
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; OPTICAL FILTERS; DESIGN; COMMUNICATIONS; RADIATION DETECTORS; FILTERS; MEASURING INSTRUMENTS; 420800* - Engineering- Electronic Circuits & Devices- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Marling, J B. Isotropically sensitive optical filter employing atomic resonance transitions. United States: N. p., Web.
Marling, J B. Isotropically sensitive optical filter employing atomic resonance transitions. United States.
Marling, J B. . "Isotropically sensitive optical filter employing atomic resonance transitions". United States.
@article{osti_5268788,
title = {Isotropically sensitive optical filter employing atomic resonance transitions},
author = {Marling, J B},
abstractNote = {An ultra-high Q isotropically sensitive optical filter or optical detector is disclosed employing atomic resonance transitions. More specifically, atomic resonance transitions utilized in conjunction with two optical bandpass filters provide an optical detector having a wide field of view (approx. 2 ..pi.. steradians) and very narrow acceptance bandwidth approaching 0.01A. A light signal to be detected is transmitted through an outer bandpass filter into a resonantly absorbing atomic vapor, the excited atomic vapor than providing a fluorescence signal at a different wavelength which is transmitted through an inner bandpass filters have no common transmission band, therby resulting in complete blockage of all optical signals that are not resonantly shifted in wavelength by the intervening atomic vapor. Two embodiments are disclosed, one in which the light signal raises atoms contained in the atomic vapor from the ground state to an excited state from which fluorescence occurs, and the other in which a pump laser is used to raise the atoms in the ground state to a first excited state from which the light signal then is resonantly absorbed, thereby raising the atoms to a second excited state from which fluorescence occurs. A specific application is described in which an optical detector according to the present invention can be located in an orbiting satellite.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {},
month = {}
}