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Title: Method and system for ethanol production

Abstract

A transition metal carbonyl and a tertiary amine are employed as a homogeneous catalytic system in methanol or a less volatile solvent to react methanol with carbon monoxide and hydrogen gas producing ethanol and carbon dioxide. The gas contains a high carbon monoxide to hydrogen ratio as is present in a typical gasifier product. The reaction has potential for anhydrous ethanol production as carbon dioxide rather than water is produced. Selected transition metal carbonyls include those of iron, rhodium, ruthenium, manganese in combination with iron and possibly osmium. Selected amines include trimethylamine, N-Methylpyrrolidine, 2,4-diazabicyclooctane, dimethylneopentylamine, N-methylpiperidine and derivatives of N-methylpiperidine.

Inventors:
;
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
5252816
Application Number:
ON: DE82016096
Assignee:
Dept. of Energy EDB-82-121744
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31-109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
10 SYNTHETIC FUELS; AMINES; CATALYTIC EFFECTS; CARBON MONOXIDE; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CARBONYLS; ETHANOL; SYNTHESIS; HYDROGEN; METHANOL; CARBON DIOXIDE; CATALYSTS; CHEMICAL REACTION YIELD; IRON; MANGANESE; OSMIUM; RHODIUM; RUTHENIUM; ALCOHOLS; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBON OXIDES; CHALCOGENIDES; ELEMENTS; HYDROXY COMPOUNDS; METALS; NONMETALS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PLATINUM METALS; TRANSITION ELEMENTS; YIELDS; 090221* - Alcohol Fuels- Chemical Synthesis- (1976-1989)

Citation Formats

Feder, H.M., and Chen, M.J. Method and system for ethanol production. United States: N. p., 1981. Web.
Feder, H.M., & Chen, M.J. Method and system for ethanol production. United States.
Feder, H.M., and Chen, M.J. Thu . "Method and system for ethanol production". United States.
@article{osti_5252816,
title = {Method and system for ethanol production},
author = {Feder, H.M. and Chen, M.J.},
abstractNote = {A transition metal carbonyl and a tertiary amine are employed as a homogeneous catalytic system in methanol or a less volatile solvent to react methanol with carbon monoxide and hydrogen gas producing ethanol and carbon dioxide. The gas contains a high carbon monoxide to hydrogen ratio as is present in a typical gasifier product. The reaction has potential for anhydrous ethanol production as carbon dioxide rather than water is produced. Selected transition metal carbonyls include those of iron, rhodium, ruthenium, manganese in combination with iron and possibly osmium. Selected amines include trimethylamine, N-Methylpyrrolidine, 2,4-diazabicyclooctane, dimethylneopentylamine, N-methylpiperidine and derivatives of N-methylpiperidine.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1981},
month = {9}
}