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Title: Non-detonable and non-explosive explosive simulators

Abstract

A simulator which is chemically equivalent to an explosive, but is not detonable or explodable is disclosed. The simulator is a combination of an explosive material with an inert material, either in a matrix or as a coating, where the explosive has a high surface ratio but small volume ratio. The simulator has particular use in the training of explosives detecting dogs, calibrating analytical instruments which are sensitive to either vapor or elemental composition, or other applications where the hazards associated with explosives is undesirable but where chemical and/or elemental equivalence is required. The explosive simulants may be fabricated by different techniques. A first method involves the use of standard slurry coatings to produce a material with a very high binder to explosive ratio without masking the explosive vapor, and a second method involves coating inert substrates with thin layers of explosive. 11 figs.

Inventors:
;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
University of California
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
516945
Patent Number(s):
5,648,636
Application Number:
PAN: 8-438,003
Assignee:
Univ. of California, Oakland, CA (United States) PTO; SCA: 450100; PA: EDB-97:120398; SN: 97001831614
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 15 Jul 1997
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; CHEMICAL EXPLOSIVES; SIMULATORS; USES; FABRICATION; DESIGN; EXPLOSIONS

Citation Formats

Simpson, R.L., and Pruneda, C.O. Non-detonable and non-explosive explosive simulators. United States: N. p., 1997. Web.
Simpson, R.L., & Pruneda, C.O. Non-detonable and non-explosive explosive simulators. United States.
Simpson, R.L., and Pruneda, C.O. Tue . "Non-detonable and non-explosive explosive simulators". United States.
@article{osti_516945,
title = {Non-detonable and non-explosive explosive simulators},
author = {Simpson, R.L. and Pruneda, C.O.},
abstractNote = {A simulator which is chemically equivalent to an explosive, but is not detonable or explodable is disclosed. The simulator is a combination of an explosive material with an inert material, either in a matrix or as a coating, where the explosive has a high surface ratio but small volume ratio. The simulator has particular use in the training of explosives detecting dogs, calibrating analytical instruments which are sensitive to either vapor or elemental composition, or other applications where the hazards associated with explosives is undesirable but where chemical and/or elemental equivalence is required. The explosive simulants may be fabricated by different techniques. A first method involves the use of standard slurry coatings to produce a material with a very high binder to explosive ratio without masking the explosive vapor, and a second method involves coating inert substrates with thin layers of explosive. 11 figs.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1997},
month = {7}
}