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Title: Composite carbon foam electrode

Abstract

Carbon aerogels used as a binder for granulated materials, including other forms of carbon and metal additives, are cast onto carbon or metal fiber substrates to form composite carbon thin film sheets. The thin film sheets are utilized in electrochemical energy storage applications, such as electrochemical double layer capacitors (aerocapacitors), lithium based battery insertion electrodes, fuel cell electrodes, and electrocapacitive deionization electrodes. The composite carbon foam may be formed by prior known processes, but with the solid particles being added during the liquid phase of the process, i.e. prior to gelation. The other forms of carbon may include carbon microspheres, carbon powder, carbon aerogel powder or particles, graphite carbons. Metal and/or carbon fibers may be added for increased conductivity. The choice of materials and fibers will depend on the electrolyte used and the relative trade off of system resistivity and power to system energy. 1 fig.

Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
University of California
OSTI Identifier:
504930
Patent Number(s):
5,626,977
Application Number:
PAN: 8-393,588
Assignee:
Univ. of California, Oakland, CA (United States) PTO; SCA: 360600; 250400; 250903; 300503; PA: EDB-97:098840; SN: 97001815591
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 6 May 1997
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; 30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; CAPACITIVE ENERGY STORAGE EQUIPMENT; METAL-NONMETAL BATTERIES; FUEL CELLS; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; FOAMS; ELECTRODES; CARBON FIBERS

Citation Formats

Mayer, S.T., Pekala, R.W., and Kaschmitter, J.L. Composite carbon foam electrode. United States: N. p., 1997. Web.
Mayer, S.T., Pekala, R.W., & Kaschmitter, J.L. Composite carbon foam electrode. United States.
Mayer, S.T., Pekala, R.W., and Kaschmitter, J.L. Tue . "Composite carbon foam electrode". United States.
@article{osti_504930,
title = {Composite carbon foam electrode},
author = {Mayer, S.T. and Pekala, R.W. and Kaschmitter, J.L.},
abstractNote = {Carbon aerogels used as a binder for granulated materials, including other forms of carbon and metal additives, are cast onto carbon or metal fiber substrates to form composite carbon thin film sheets. The thin film sheets are utilized in electrochemical energy storage applications, such as electrochemical double layer capacitors (aerocapacitors), lithium based battery insertion electrodes, fuel cell electrodes, and electrocapacitive deionization electrodes. The composite carbon foam may be formed by prior known processes, but with the solid particles being added during the liquid phase of the process, i.e. prior to gelation. The other forms of carbon may include carbon microspheres, carbon powder, carbon aerogel powder or particles, graphite carbons. Metal and/or carbon fibers may be added for increased conductivity. The choice of materials and fibers will depend on the electrolyte used and the relative trade off of system resistivity and power to system energy. 1 fig.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1997},
month = {5}
}