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Title: Biocarrier composition for and method of degrading pollutants

The present invention relates to biocarrier compositions that attract and bond pollutant-degrading antigens that will degrade the pollutants. Biocarriers are known generally as a variety of inert or semi-inert compounds or structures having the ability to sequester (attract), hold and biomagnify (enhance) specific microorganisms within their structure. Glass or polystyrene beads are the most well known biocarriers. The biocarrier, which is preferably in the form of glass microspheres, is coated with an antibody or group of antibodies that attract and react specifically with certain pollutant-degrading antigens. The antibody, once bonded to the biocarrier, is used by the composition to attract and bond those pollutant-degrading antigens. Each antibody is specific for an antigen that is specific for a given pollutant. The resulting composition is subsequently exposed to an environment contaminated with pollutants for degradation. In the preferred use, the degrading composition is formed and then injected directly into or near a plume or source of contamination.
Inventors:
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
453458
Assignee:
US Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States) SRS; SCA: 540220; 560300; PA: EDB-97:051321; SN: 97001750469
Patent Number(s):
PATENTS-US-A8246261
Application Number:
ON: DE97003810; PAN: 8-246,261; TRN: AHC29707%%28
Contract Number:
AC09-89SR18035
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1994
Research Org:
Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; IMMOBILIZED CELLS; SUPPORTS; REMEDIAL ACTION; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; ANTIBODIES; ANTIGENS; SORPTIVE PROPERTIES; POLLUTANTS; GROUND WATER; BIODEGRADATION