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Title: CARBONATE METHOD OF SEPARATION OF TETRAVALENT PLUTONIUM FROM FISSION PRODUCT VALUES

Abstract

It has been found that plutonium forms an insoluble precipitate with carbonate ion when the carbonate ion is present in stoichiometric proportions, while an excess of the carbonate ion complexes plutonium and renders it soluble. A method for separating tetravalent plutonium from lanthanum-group rare earths has been based on this discovery, since these rare earths form insoluble carbonates in approximately neutral solutions. According to the process the pH is adjusted to between 5 and 7, and approximately stoichiometric amounts of carbonate ion are added to the solution causing the formation of a precipitate of plutonium carbonate and the lanthanum-group rare earth carbonates. The precipitate is then separated from the solution and contacted with a carbonate solution of a concentration between 1 M and 3 M to complex and redissolve the plutonium precipitate, and thus separate it from the insoluble rare earth precipitate.

Inventors:
;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Originating Research Org. not identified
OSTI Identifier:
4254909
Patent Number(s):
2872288
Assignee:
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission DTIE; NSA-13-013383
NSA Number:
NSA-13-013383
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Orig. Receipt Date: 31-DEC-59
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
CHEMISTRY; ACIDITY; CARBONATES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; ELECTRIC CHARGES; FISSION PRODUCTS; LANTHANUM; PLUTONIUM; PLUTONIUM CARBONATES; PLUTONIUM COMPLEXES; PRECIPITATION; RARE EARTHS; SEPARATION PROCESSES; SOLUBILITY; SOLUTIONS

Citation Formats

Duffield, R.B., and Stoughton, R.W. CARBONATE METHOD OF SEPARATION OF TETRAVALENT PLUTONIUM FROM FISSION PRODUCT VALUES. United States: N. p., 1959. Web.
Duffield, R.B., & Stoughton, R.W. CARBONATE METHOD OF SEPARATION OF TETRAVALENT PLUTONIUM FROM FISSION PRODUCT VALUES. United States.
Duffield, R.B., and Stoughton, R.W. Sun . "CARBONATE METHOD OF SEPARATION OF TETRAVALENT PLUTONIUM FROM FISSION PRODUCT VALUES". United States.
@article{osti_4254909,
title = {CARBONATE METHOD OF SEPARATION OF TETRAVALENT PLUTONIUM FROM FISSION PRODUCT VALUES},
author = {Duffield, R.B. and Stoughton, R.W.},
abstractNote = {It has been found that plutonium forms an insoluble precipitate with carbonate ion when the carbonate ion is present in stoichiometric proportions, while an excess of the carbonate ion complexes plutonium and renders it soluble. A method for separating tetravalent plutonium from lanthanum-group rare earths has been based on this discovery, since these rare earths form insoluble carbonates in approximately neutral solutions. According to the process the pH is adjusted to between 5 and 7, and approximately stoichiometric amounts of carbonate ion are added to the solution causing the formation of a precipitate of plutonium carbonate and the lanthanum-group rare earth carbonates. The precipitate is then separated from the solution and contacted with a carbonate solution of a concentration between 1 M and 3 M to complex and redissolve the plutonium precipitate, and thus separate it from the insoluble rare earth precipitate.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1959},
month = {2}
}