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Title: IRRADIATION METHOD OF CONVERTING ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

Abstract

A method is given for changing the distribution of organic compounds from that produced by the irradiation of bulk alkane hydrocarbons. This method consists of depositing an alkane hydrocarbon on the surface of a substrate material and irradiating with gamma radiation at a dose rate of more than 100,000 rads. The substrate material may be a metal, metal salts, metal oxides, or carbons having a surface area in excess of 1 m/sup 2//g. The hydrocarbons are deposited in layers of from 0.1 to 10 monolayers on the surfaces of these substrates and irradiated. The product yields are found to vary from those which result from the irradiation of bulk hydrocarbons in that there is an increase in the quantity of branched hydrocarbons.

Inventors:
;
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
4114927
Patent Number(s):
2955997
Assignee:
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
Y - NEW / CROSS SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES Y10 - TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC Y10S - TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B01 - PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL B01J - CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY
NSA Number:
NSA-15-007384
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Orig. Receipt Date: 31-DEC-61
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
CHEMISTRY; ALKANES; CARBON; CONFIGURATION; CONVERSION; DEPOSITS; DOSE RATES; GAMMA RADIATION; HYDROCARBONS; IRRADIATION; METALS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXIDES; RADIATION DOSES; SALTS; SURFACES

Citation Formats

Allen, A O, and Caffrey, Jr, J M. IRRADIATION METHOD OF CONVERTING ORGANIC COMPOUNDS. United States: N. p., 1960. Web.
Allen, A O, & Caffrey, Jr, J M. IRRADIATION METHOD OF CONVERTING ORGANIC COMPOUNDS. United States.
Allen, A O, and Caffrey, Jr, J M. Tue . "IRRADIATION METHOD OF CONVERTING ORGANIC COMPOUNDS". United States.
@article{osti_4114927,
title = {IRRADIATION METHOD OF CONVERTING ORGANIC COMPOUNDS},
author = {Allen, A O and Caffrey, Jr, J M},
abstractNote = {A method is given for changing the distribution of organic compounds from that produced by the irradiation of bulk alkane hydrocarbons. This method consists of depositing an alkane hydrocarbon on the surface of a substrate material and irradiating with gamma radiation at a dose rate of more than 100,000 rads. The substrate material may be a metal, metal salts, metal oxides, or carbons having a surface area in excess of 1 m/sup 2//g. The hydrocarbons are deposited in layers of from 0.1 to 10 monolayers on the surfaces of these substrates and irradiated. The product yields are found to vary from those which result from the irradiation of bulk hydrocarbons in that there is an increase in the quantity of branched hydrocarbons.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1960},
month = {10}
}