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Title: WATER BOILER REACTOR

Abstract

As its name implies, this reactor utilizes an aqueous solution of a fissionable element salt, and is also conventional in that it contains a heat exchanger cooling coil immersed in the fuel. Its novelty lies in the utilization of a cylindrical reactor vessel to provide a critical region having a large and constant interface with a supernatant vapor region, and the use of a hollow sleeve coolant member suspended from the cover assembly in coaxial relation with the reactor vessel. Cool water is circulated inside this hollow coolant member, and a gap between its outer wall and the reactor vessel is used to carry off radiolytic gases for recombination in an external catalyst chamber. The central passage of the coolant member defines a reflux condenser passage into which the externally recombined gases are returned and condensed. The large and constant interface between fuel solution and vapor region prevents the formation of large bubbles and minimizes the amount of fuel salt carried off by water vapor, thus making possible higher flux densities, specific powers and power densities.

Inventors:
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Originating Research Org. not identified
OSTI Identifier:
4106993
Patent Number(s):
2961391
Assignee:
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission DTIE; NSA-15-008322
NSA Number:
NSA-15-008322
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Orig. Receipt Date: 31-DEC-61
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
REACTOR TECHNOLOGY; BOILING; BUBBLES; CATALYSIS; COOLANT LOOPS; COOLING; CRITICALITY; CYLINDERS; FISSIONABLE MATERIALS; FUEL SOLUTIONS; GASES; HEAT EXCHANGERS; NEUTRON FLUX; POWER; RADIOACTIVITY; REACTORS; SALTS; VAPORS; VESSELS; WATER; WATER COOLANT

Citation Formats

King, L.D.P. WATER BOILER REACTOR. United States: N. p., 1960. Web.
King, L.D.P. WATER BOILER REACTOR. United States.
King, L.D.P. Tue . "WATER BOILER REACTOR". United States.
@article{osti_4106993,
title = {WATER BOILER REACTOR},
author = {King, L.D.P.},
abstractNote = {As its name implies, this reactor utilizes an aqueous solution of a fissionable element salt, and is also conventional in that it contains a heat exchanger cooling coil immersed in the fuel. Its novelty lies in the utilization of a cylindrical reactor vessel to provide a critical region having a large and constant interface with a supernatant vapor region, and the use of a hollow sleeve coolant member suspended from the cover assembly in coaxial relation with the reactor vessel. Cool water is circulated inside this hollow coolant member, and a gap between its outer wall and the reactor vessel is used to carry off radiolytic gases for recombination in an external catalyst chamber. The central passage of the coolant member defines a reflux condenser passage into which the externally recombined gases are returned and condensed. The large and constant interface between fuel solution and vapor region prevents the formation of large bubbles and minimizes the amount of fuel salt carried off by water vapor, thus making possible higher flux densities, specific powers and power densities.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1960},
month = {11}
}