# Calculation of radiation therapy dose using all particle Monte Carlo transport

## Abstract

The actual radiation dose absorbed in the body is calculated using three-dimensional Monte Carlo transport. Neutrons, protons, deuterons, tritons, helium-3, alpha particles, photons, electrons, and positrons are transported in a completely coupled manner, using this Monte Carlo All-Particle Method (MCAPM). The major elements of the invention include: computer hardware, user description of the patient, description of the radiation source, physical databases, Monte Carlo transport, and output of dose distributions. This facilitated the estimation of dose distributions on a Cartesian grid for neutrons, photons, electrons, positrons, and heavy charged-particles incident on any biological target, with resolutions ranging from microns to centimeters. Calculations can be extended to estimate dose distributions on general-geometry (non-Cartesian) grids for biological and/or non-biological media. 57 figs.

- Inventors:

- Issue Date:

- Research Org.:
- University of California

- Sponsoring Org.:
- USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

- OSTI Identifier:
- 321265

- Patent Number(s):
- 5,870,697

- Application Number:
- PAN: 8-610,917; TRN: 99:003324

- Assignee:
- Univ. of California, Oakland, CA (United States) PTO; SCA: 560120; PA: EDB-99:032200; SN: 99002064388

- DOE Contract Number:
- W-7405-ENG-48

- Resource Type:
- Patent

- Resource Relation:
- Other Information: PBD: 9 Feb 1999

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; RADIATION DOSES; RADIOTHERAPY; CALCULATION METHODS; MONTE CARLO METHOD; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; RADIATION DOSE DISTRIBUTIONS

### Citation Formats

```
Chandler, W.P., Hartmann-Siantar, C.L., and Rathkopf, J.A.
```*Calculation of radiation therapy dose using all particle Monte Carlo transport*. United States: N. p., 1999.
Web.

```
Chandler, W.P., Hartmann-Siantar, C.L., & Rathkopf, J.A.
```*Calculation of radiation therapy dose using all particle Monte Carlo transport*. United States.

```
Chandler, W.P., Hartmann-Siantar, C.L., and Rathkopf, J.A. Tue .
"Calculation of radiation therapy dose using all particle Monte Carlo transport". United States.
```

```
@article{osti_321265,
```

title = {Calculation of radiation therapy dose using all particle Monte Carlo transport},

author = {Chandler, W.P. and Hartmann-Siantar, C.L. and Rathkopf, J.A.},

abstractNote = {The actual radiation dose absorbed in the body is calculated using three-dimensional Monte Carlo transport. Neutrons, protons, deuterons, tritons, helium-3, alpha particles, photons, electrons, and positrons are transported in a completely coupled manner, using this Monte Carlo All-Particle Method (MCAPM). The major elements of the invention include: computer hardware, user description of the patient, description of the radiation source, physical databases, Monte Carlo transport, and output of dose distributions. This facilitated the estimation of dose distributions on a Cartesian grid for neutrons, photons, electrons, positrons, and heavy charged-particles incident on any biological target, with resolutions ranging from microns to centimeters. Calculations can be extended to estimate dose distributions on general-geometry (non-Cartesian) grids for biological and/or non-biological media. 57 figs.},

doi = {},

journal = {},

number = ,

volume = ,

place = {United States},

year = {1999},

month = {2}

}