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Title: Fluid extraction using carbon dioxide and organophosphorus chelating agents

Abstract

Methods for extracting metalloid and metal species from a solid or liquid material by exposing the material to a fluid solvent, particularly supercritical CO{sub 2}, and a chelating agent are described. The chelating agent forms a chelate with the species, the chelate being soluble in the fluid to allow removal of the species from the material. In preferred embodiments the extraction solvent is supercritical CO{sub 2} and the chelating agent comprises an organophosphorous chelating agent, particularly sulfur-containing organophosphorous chelating agents, including mixtures of chelating agents. Examples of chelating agents include monothiophosphinic acid, di-thiophosphinic acid, phosphine sulfite, phosphorothioic acid, and mixtures thereof. The method provides an environmentally benign process for removing metal and metalloids from industrial waste solutions, particularly acidic solutions. Both the chelate and the supercritical fluid can be regenerated and the contaminant species recovered to provide an economic, efficient process. 1 fig.

Inventors:
; ; ;
Issue Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
321185
Patent Number(s):
5,840,193
Application Number:
PAN: 8-686,422; CNN: Grant CC-S-588193-002-C
Assignee:
Idaho Research Foundation, Moscow, ID (United States) PTO; SCA: 320305; PA: EDB-99:029767; SN: 99002058535
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 24 Nov 1998
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; METALS; SUPERCRITICAL GAS EXTRACTION; CARBON DIOXIDE; CHELATING AGENTS; ORGANIC PHOSPHORUS COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC SULFUR COMPOUNDS; INDUSTRIAL WASTES

Citation Formats

Smart, N.G., Wai, C.M., Lin, Y., and Kwang, Y.H. Fluid extraction using carbon dioxide and organophosphorus chelating agents. United States: N. p., 1998. Web.
Smart, N.G., Wai, C.M., Lin, Y., & Kwang, Y.H. Fluid extraction using carbon dioxide and organophosphorus chelating agents. United States.
Smart, N.G., Wai, C.M., Lin, Y., and Kwang, Y.H. Tue . "Fluid extraction using carbon dioxide and organophosphorus chelating agents". United States.
@article{osti_321185,
title = {Fluid extraction using carbon dioxide and organophosphorus chelating agents},
author = {Smart, N.G. and Wai, C.M. and Lin, Y. and Kwang, Y.H.},
abstractNote = {Methods for extracting metalloid and metal species from a solid or liquid material by exposing the material to a fluid solvent, particularly supercritical CO{sub 2}, and a chelating agent are described. The chelating agent forms a chelate with the species, the chelate being soluble in the fluid to allow removal of the species from the material. In preferred embodiments the extraction solvent is supercritical CO{sub 2} and the chelating agent comprises an organophosphorous chelating agent, particularly sulfur-containing organophosphorous chelating agents, including mixtures of chelating agents. Examples of chelating agents include monothiophosphinic acid, di-thiophosphinic acid, phosphine sulfite, phosphorothioic acid, and mixtures thereof. The method provides an environmentally benign process for removing metal and metalloids from industrial waste solutions, particularly acidic solutions. Both the chelate and the supercritical fluid can be regenerated and the contaminant species recovered to provide an economic, efficient process. 1 fig.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1998},
month = {11}
}