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Title: Method for continuously recovering metals using a dual zone chemical reactor

Abstract

A dual zone chemical reactor continuously processes metal-containing materials while regenerating and circulating a liquid carrier. The starting materials are fed into a first reaction zone of a vessel containing a molten salt carrier. The starting materials react to form a metal product and a by-product that dissolves in the molten salt that flows to a second reaction zone in the reaction vessel. The second reaction zone is partitioned from, but in fluid communication with, the first reaction zone. The liquid carrier continuously circulates along a pathway between the first reaction zone and the second reaction zone. A reactive gas is introduced into the second reaction zone to react with the reaction by-product to generate the molten salt. The metal product, the gaseous waste products, and the excess liquid carrier are removed without interrupting the operation of the reactor. The design of the dual zone reactor can be adapted to combine a plurality of liquid carrier regeneration zones in a multiple dual zone chemical reactor for production scale processing. 6 figs.

Inventors:
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
University of California
OSTI Identifier:
27711
Patent Number(s):
5,389,123
Application Number:
PAN: 8-087,549
Assignee:
Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 14 Feb 1995
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; CHEMICAL REACTORS; DESIGN; METALS; MATERIALS RECOVERY; LIQUID WASTES; REGENERATION; PROCESS SOLUTIONS; MOLTEN SALTS; OPERATION

Citation Formats

Bronson, M C. Method for continuously recovering metals using a dual zone chemical reactor. United States: N. p., 1995. Web.
Bronson, M C. Method for continuously recovering metals using a dual zone chemical reactor. United States.
Bronson, M C. Tue . "Method for continuously recovering metals using a dual zone chemical reactor". United States.
@article{osti_27711,
title = {Method for continuously recovering metals using a dual zone chemical reactor},
author = {Bronson, M C},
abstractNote = {A dual zone chemical reactor continuously processes metal-containing materials while regenerating and circulating a liquid carrier. The starting materials are fed into a first reaction zone of a vessel containing a molten salt carrier. The starting materials react to form a metal product and a by-product that dissolves in the molten salt that flows to a second reaction zone in the reaction vessel. The second reaction zone is partitioned from, but in fluid communication with, the first reaction zone. The liquid carrier continuously circulates along a pathway between the first reaction zone and the second reaction zone. A reactive gas is introduced into the second reaction zone to react with the reaction by-product to generate the molten salt. The metal product, the gaseous waste products, and the excess liquid carrier are removed without interrupting the operation of the reactor. The design of the dual zone reactor can be adapted to combine a plurality of liquid carrier regeneration zones in a multiple dual zone chemical reactor for production scale processing. 6 figs.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1995},
month = {2}
}