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Title: Electrochemical cell

Abstract

An electrochemical cell is described with a positive electrode having an electrochemically active layer of at least one transition metal chloride. A negative electrode of an alkali metal and a compatible electrolyte including an alkali metal salt molten at cell operating temperature is included in the cell. The electrolyte is present at least partially as a corrugated {beta}{double_prime} alumina tube surrounding the negative electrode interior to the positive electrode. The ratio of the volume of liquid electrolyte to the volume of the positive electrode is in the range of from about 0.1 to about 3. A plurality of stacked electrochemical cells is disclosed each having a positive electrode, a negative electrode of an alkali metal molten at cell operating temperature, and a compatible electrolyte. The electrolyte is at least partially present as a corrugated {beta}{double_prime} alumina sheet separating the negative electrode and interior to the positive electrodes. The alkali metal is retained in a porous electrically conductive ceramic, and seals for sealing the junctures of the electrolyte and the adjacent electrodes at the peripheries thereof. 8 figs.

Inventors:
; ; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
253865
Patent Number(s):
5,532,078
Application Number:
PAN: 8-312,053
Assignee:
Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 2 Jul 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
40 CHEMISTRY; ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS; DESIGN; MOLTEN SALTS; ELECTRODES; ELECTROLYTES; TRANSITION ELEMENT COMPOUNDS; CHLORIDES; ALKALI METALS; ALKALI METAL COMPOUNDS; ALUMINIUM OXIDES

Citation Formats

Redey, L I, Myles, K M, Vissers, D R, and Prakash, J. Electrochemical cell. United States: N. p., 1996. Web.
Redey, L I, Myles, K M, Vissers, D R, & Prakash, J. Electrochemical cell. United States.
Redey, L I, Myles, K M, Vissers, D R, and Prakash, J. Tue . "Electrochemical cell". United States.
@article{osti_253865,
title = {Electrochemical cell},
author = {Redey, L I and Myles, K M and Vissers, D R and Prakash, J},
abstractNote = {An electrochemical cell is described with a positive electrode having an electrochemically active layer of at least one transition metal chloride. A negative electrode of an alkali metal and a compatible electrolyte including an alkali metal salt molten at cell operating temperature is included in the cell. The electrolyte is present at least partially as a corrugated {beta}{double_prime} alumina tube surrounding the negative electrode interior to the positive electrode. The ratio of the volume of liquid electrolyte to the volume of the positive electrode is in the range of from about 0.1 to about 3. A plurality of stacked electrochemical cells is disclosed each having a positive electrode, a negative electrode of an alkali metal molten at cell operating temperature, and a compatible electrolyte. The electrolyte is at least partially present as a corrugated {beta}{double_prime} alumina sheet separating the negative electrode and interior to the positive electrodes. The alkali metal is retained in a porous electrically conductive ceramic, and seals for sealing the junctures of the electrolyte and the adjacent electrodes at the peripheries thereof. 8 figs.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {7}
}