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Title: Process to convert biomass and refuse derived fuel to ethers and/or alcohols

A process is described for conversion of a feedstock selected from the group consisting of biomass and refuse derived fuel (RDF) to provide reformulated gasoline components comprising a substantial amount of materials selected from the group consisting of ethers, alcohols, or mixtures thereof, comprising: drying said feedstock; subjecting said dried feedstock to fast pyrolysis using a vortex reactor or other means; catalytically cracking vapors resulting from said pyrolysis using a zeolite catalyst; condensing any aromatic byproduct fraction; catalytically alkylating any benzene present in said vapors after condensation; catalytically oligomerizing any remaining ethylene and propylene to higher olefins; isomerizing said olefins to reactive iso-olefins; and catalytically reacting said iso-olefins with an alcohol to form ethers or with water to form alcohols. 35 figs.
Inventors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
212590
Assignee:
Midwest Research Inst., Kansas City, MO (United States) CHO; SCA: 090900; PA: EDB-96:063821; SN: 96001565467
Patent Number(s):
US 5,504,259/A/
Application Number:
PAN: 7-968,588
Contract Number:
AC02-83CH10093
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 2 Apr 1996
Research Org:
Midwest Research Institute; National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; BIOMASS; PYROLYSIS; REFUSE DERIVED FUELS; PYROLYTIC GASES; CATALYTIC CRACKING; FUEL ADDITIVES; SYNTHESIS; ETHERS; ALCOHOLS; ZEOLITES; ALKYLATION; AROMATICS; ISOMERIZATION; ALKENES; UNLEADED GASOLINE