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Title: Fatty acid derived alkyl ether fuels for compression ignition

Abstract

A fuel for an internal combustion engine includes a fatty alkyl ether having a formula corresponding to formula (II): wherein x is 1-8, and y is 0 to 3; and the alkyl is an alkyl group having a number of carbon atoms that is less than the number of carbon atoms in the alkyl chain on the opposite side of the oxygen atom. The fatty alky ether can be used as a neat fuel or blend with biodiesel, diesel, ethanol or other fuels. The fatty alkyl ethers are improved in cetane number and cold flow properties over a biodiesel with fatty acid methyl acid methyl ester compounds. This is particularly valuable for compression ignition engines. A method of combustion in several types of engines is also disclosed.

Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1860135
Patent Number(s):
11193075
Application Number:
16/930,453
Assignee:
National Technology & Engineering Solutions of Sandia, LLC (Albuquerque, NM)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
C - CHEMISTRY C10 - PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES C10L - FUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
F - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING F02 - COMBUSTION ENGINES F02B - INTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES
DOE Contract Number:  
NA0003525
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 07/16/2020
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Monroe, Eric, Carlson, Joseph, and Davis, Ryan Wesley. Fatty acid derived alkyl ether fuels for compression ignition. United States: N. p., 2021. Web.
Monroe, Eric, Carlson, Joseph, & Davis, Ryan Wesley. Fatty acid derived alkyl ether fuels for compression ignition. United States.
Monroe, Eric, Carlson, Joseph, and Davis, Ryan Wesley. Tue . "Fatty acid derived alkyl ether fuels for compression ignition". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1860135.
@article{osti_1860135,
title = {Fatty acid derived alkyl ether fuels for compression ignition},
author = {Monroe, Eric and Carlson, Joseph and Davis, Ryan Wesley},
abstractNote = {A fuel for an internal combustion engine includes a fatty alkyl ether having a formula corresponding to formula (II): wherein x is 1-8, and y is 0 to 3; and the alkyl is an alkyl group having a number of carbon atoms that is less than the number of carbon atoms in the alkyl chain on the opposite side of the oxygen atom. The fatty alky ether can be used as a neat fuel or blend with biodiesel, diesel, ethanol or other fuels. The fatty alkyl ethers are improved in cetane number and cold flow properties over a biodiesel with fatty acid methyl acid methyl ester compounds. This is particularly valuable for compression ignition engines. A method of combustion in several types of engines is also disclosed.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2021},
month = {12}
}

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