DOE Patents title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: X-ray spectrometer and methods for use

Abstract

A spectrometer includes a crystal analyzer having a radius of curvature that defines a Rowland circle, a sample stage configured to support a sample such that the sample is offset from the Rowland circle, an x-ray source configured to emit unfocused x-rays toward the sample stage, and a position-sensitive detector that is tangent to the Rowland circle. A method performed via a spectrometer includes emitting, via an x-ray source, unfocused x-rays toward a sample that is mounted on a sample stage such that the sample is offset from the Rowland Circle, thereby causing the sample to emit x-rays that impinge on the crystal analyzer or transmit a portion of the unfocused x-rays to impinge on the crystal analyzer; scattering, via the crystal analyzer, the x-rays that impinge on the crystal analyzer; and detecting the scattered x-rays via a position-sensitive detector that is tangent to the Rowland circle.

Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1840233
Patent Number(s):
11054375
Application Number:
16/333,405
Assignee:
UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON (Seattle, WA)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
G - PHYSICS G01 - MEASURING G01N - INVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
G - PHYSICS G01 - MEASURING G01T - MEASUREMENT OF NUCLEAR OR X-RADIATION
DOE Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396; SC0002194; SC0008580; FG02-09ER16106
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 09/15/2017
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Seidler, Gerald Todd, Hoidn, Oliver, and Holden, William. X-ray spectrometer and methods for use. United States: N. p., 2021. Web.
Seidler, Gerald Todd, Hoidn, Oliver, & Holden, William. X-ray spectrometer and methods for use. United States.
Seidler, Gerald Todd, Hoidn, Oliver, and Holden, William. Tue . "X-ray spectrometer and methods for use". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1840233.
@article{osti_1840233,
title = {X-ray spectrometer and methods for use},
author = {Seidler, Gerald Todd and Hoidn, Oliver and Holden, William},
abstractNote = {A spectrometer includes a crystal analyzer having a radius of curvature that defines a Rowland circle, a sample stage configured to support a sample such that the sample is offset from the Rowland circle, an x-ray source configured to emit unfocused x-rays toward the sample stage, and a position-sensitive detector that is tangent to the Rowland circle. A method performed via a spectrometer includes emitting, via an x-ray source, unfocused x-rays toward a sample that is mounted on a sample stage such that the sample is offset from the Rowland Circle, thereby causing the sample to emit x-rays that impinge on the crystal analyzer or transmit a portion of the unfocused x-rays to impinge on the crystal analyzer; scattering, via the crystal analyzer, the x-rays that impinge on the crystal analyzer; and detecting the scattered x-rays via a position-sensitive detector that is tangent to the Rowland circle.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2021},
month = {7}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Laboratory diffractometer-based XAFS spectrometer
journal, May 1999


Laboratory vacuum spectrometer for the soft x-ray region
journal, September 2008


Low-Emittance Electron Bunches from a Laser-Plasma Accelerator Measured using Single-Shot X-Ray Spectroscopy
journal, August 2012


X-ray fluorescence spectrometer
patent, May 1978


Simple solutions for spectroscopic, photon counting X-ray imaging detectors
conference, October 2009

  • Nachtra, F.; Hofmann, T.; Firsching, M.
  • 2009 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC 2009), 2009 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (NSS/MIC)
  • https://doi.org/10.1109/NSSMIC.2009.5402242

X-ray absorption near-edge structure study on positive electrodes of degraded lithium-ion battery
journal, August 2011


Spherically bent analyzers for resonant inelastic X-ray scattering with intrinsic resolution below 200 meV
journal, June 2005


Method of Determining Surface Orientation of Single Crystal Wafer
patent-application, November 2015


Accurate miscut angle determination for spherically bent Bragg crystals
journal, March 2008


X-ray Analysis Apparatus
patent-application, May 2013


Laboratory EXAFS in a dispersive mode
journal, April 1988


In situ x-ray absorption spectroscopic study of the Li[Ni1∕3Co1∕3Mn1∕3]O2 cathode material
journal, June 2005


Valence change by in situ XAS in surface modified LiMn2O4 for Li-ion battery
journal, November 2006


The Structure–Property Investigation of Bi 1– x Ce x FeO 3 ( x = 0, 0.05)–Li Battery: In Situ XRD and XANES Studies
journal, September 2012


Imaging x-ray Thomson scattering spectrometer design and demonstration (invited)
journal, October 2012


Shrinking the Synchrotron: Tabletop Extreme Ultraviolet Absorption of Transition-Metal Complexes
journal, August 2016


Extended x-ray-absorption fine-structure technique. II. Experimental practice and selected results
journal, June 1975


High resolution inelastic x-ray scattering spectrometer at the advanced photon source
journal, September 1998


"Thickness Effect" in Absorption Spectra near Absorption Edges
journal, February 1957


Chemical State Analysis of Phosphorus Performed by X-ray Emission Spectroscopy
journal, May 2015


X-ray apparatus, method of using the same and X-ray irradiation method
patent-application, November 2011


Design and properties of position‐sensitive proportional counters using resistance–capacitance position encoding
journal, August 1975


A novel von Hamos spectrometer for efficient X-ray emission spectroscopy in the laboratory
journal, May 2014


Structure and Electrochemical Properties of LiFe[sub x]Mn[sub 2−x]O[sub 4] (0≤x≤0.5) Spinel as 5 V Electrode Material for Lithium Batteries
journal, January 2001


Design and performance of a curved-crystal x-ray emission spectrometer
journal, May 2007


Development of a laboratory EXAFS facility
journal, December 1978


Synchrotron Techniques for In Situ Catalytic Studies: Capabilities, Challenges, and Opportunities
journal, September 2012


XAFS study of LiCo 1- x Fe x O 2 cathode for rechargeable lithium battery by laboratory XAFS spectrometer
journal, March 2001


A Modern Laboratory XAFS Cookbook
journal, May 2016


X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy
journal, April 1983


Experimental and Theoretical Evaluation of a High Resolution CMOS Based Detector Under X-Ray Imaging Conditions
journal, February 2011


A short working distance multiple crystal x-ray spectrometer
journal, December 2008


Extended x-ray-absorption fine-structure technique. III. Determination of physical parameters
journal, June 1975


Double‐crystal spectrometer for laboratory EXAFS spectroscopy
journal, July 1988


Valence-to-Core X-ray Emission Spectroscopy: A Sensitive Probe of the Nature of a Bound Ligand
journal, April 2011


Polarization of molecular x-ray fluorescence
journal, March 1988


Dilation x-ray imager a new/faster gated x-ray imager for the NIF
journal, October 2012


High-resolution X-ray emission spectroscopy with transition-edge sensors: present performance and future potential
journal, April 2015


A new pnCCD-based color X-ray camera for fast spatial and energy-resolved measurements
journal, October 2011

  • Ordavo, I.; Ihle, S.; Arkadiev, V.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 654, Issue 1
  • https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2011.05.080

Hybrid CMOS x-ray detectors: the next generation for focused x-ray telescopes
conference, September 2007


The Wide Field Imager of the International X-ray Observatory
journal, December 2010

  • Stefanescu, A.; Bautz, M. W.; Burrows, D. N.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 624, Issue 2
  • https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2010.05.049

Critical review: Effects of complex interactions on structure and dynamics of supported metal catalysts
journal, March 2014

  • Frenkel, Anatoly I.; Cason, Michael W.; Elsen, Annika
  • Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, Vol. 32, Issue 2
  • https://doi.org/10.1116/1.4820493

In situ X-ray absorption spectroscopic study for the electrochemical delithiation of a cathode LiFe0.4Mn0.6PO4 material
journal, December 2010


A high resolution and large solid angle x-ray Raman spectroscopy end-station at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource
journal, April 2012


Characterization of the Mn Oxidation States in Photosystem II by Kβ X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
journal, October 1998


In situ Fe XAFS of reversible lithium insertion in a flexible metal organic framework material
journal, October 2009


New Type of Position‐Sensitive Detectors of Ionizing Radiation Using Risetime Measurement
journal, October 1968


In situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy—A probe of cathode materials for Li-ion cells
journal, March 2006


Development of a Laboratory EXAFS Facility
journal, May 1983


Catalysis and In Situ Studies of Rh 1 /Co 3 O 4 Nanorods in Reduction of NO with H 2
journal, April 2013


Probing Valence Orbital Composition with Iron Kβ X-ray Emission Spectroscopy
journal, July 2010


Hydrogen-Evolution Catalysts Based on Non-Noble Metal Nickel-Molybdenum Nitride Nanosheets
journal, May 2012


Compact focusing von Hamos spectrometer for quantitative x-ray spectroscopy
journal, October 2002


Application of Operando XAS, XRD, and Raman Spectroscopy for Phase Speciation in Water Gas Shift Reaction Catalysts
journal, September 2012


Variable radius curved crystal mount
journal, July 1987


Multielement spectrometer for efficient measurement of the momentum transfer dependence of inelastic x-ray scattering
journal, June 2006


Review of superconducting transition-edge sensors for x-ray and gamma-ray spectroscopy
journal, July 2015


The atomic AXAFS and Δμ XANES techniques as applied to heterogeneous catalysis and electrocatalysis
journal, January 2010


Recent performance of laboratory-scale X-ray absorption fine structure instruments
journal, January 1999


An inelastic X-ray spectrometer with 2.2meV energy resolution
journal, July 2001


Multiple excitations in the K fluorescence emission of Mn, Fe and Ni compounds
conference, January 2003


A Stable In-Laboratory EXAFS Measurement System
journal, February 1983


High energy resolution five-crystal spectrometer for high quality fluorescence and absorption measurements on an x-ray absorption spectroscopy beamline
journal, June 2012


Performance of spherically focusing Ge(444) backscattering analyzers for inelastic x‐ray scattering
journal, February 1995


X‐ray optics of doubly curved diffractors II
journal, January 1992


An automated laboratory EXAFS spectrometer of Johansson type: indigenous development and testing
journal, October 1991


Femtosecond M 2,3 -Edge Spectroscopy of Transition-Metal Oxides: Photoinduced Oxidation State Change in α-Fe 2 O 3
journal, October 2013


X-ray fluorescent spectrometer with linear position sensitive detector
journal, July 1984


In Situ XAFS Analysis of Li(Mn, M)2O4 (M=Cr, Co, Ni) 5V Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Secondary Batteries
journal, February 2001


Li 2 O Removal from Li 5 FeO 4 : A Cathode Precursor for Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, February 2010


A plastic miniature x-ray emission spectrometer based on the cylindrical von Hamos geometry
journal, February 2012


X-ray Monochromator with 2 × 108 Energy Resolution
journal, March 1996


Variable Rowland radius laboratory EXAFS system
journal, April 1987


Tunable laboratory extended x‐ray absorption fine structure system
journal, March 1980


Laboratory EXAFS spectrometer with a bent crystal, a solid‐state detector, and a fast detection system
journal, November 1983


Optical design and performance of the inelastic scattering beamline at the National Synchrotron Light Source
journal, February 1995


X-ray detection apparatus for X-ray flourescence analysis
patent, August 2015


Double monochromator systems for the study of multiple vacancy processes
journal, June 1978


Electronic Structure of Sulfur Studied by X-ray Absorption and Emission Spectroscopy
journal, August 2009


X-ray array detector
patent, May 2002


Fast Detection Allowing Analysis of Metalloprotein Electronic Structure by X-ray Emission Spectroscopy at Room Temperature
journal, June 2012


Advances in crystal analyzers for inelastic X-ray scattering
journal, December 2005


High Resolution K Capture X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy:  A New Tool for Chemical Characterization
journal, May 1999


Energy-dispersive X-ray emission spectroscopy using an X-ray free-electron laser in a shot-by-shot mode
journal, November 2012


X-ray absorption spectroscopy study of the Li x FePO 4 cathode during cycling using a novel electrochemical in situ reaction cell
journal, October 2004


X-ray imaging spectrometers in present and future satellite missions
journal, August 2003

  • Lechner, P.; Hartmann, R.; Holl, P.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 509, Issue 1-3
  • https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9002(03)01642-5

X-ray imaging and spectroscopy using low cost COTS CMOS sensors
journal, August 2012


An Electrochemical Cell for Operando Study of Lithium Batteries Using Synchrotron Radiation
journal, January 2010


Development of a new in-laboratory XAFS apparatus based on new concept
journal, March 2001


Benchtop Nonresonant X-ray Emission Spectroscopy: Coming Soon to Laboratories and XAS Beamlines Near You?
journal, May 2016


Review of LiFePO 4 Phase Transition Mechanisms and New Observations from X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
journal, January 2013


X-ray analytical system
patent, January 1979


Note: A disposable x-ray camera based on mass produced complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor sensors and single-board computers
journal, August 2015


Performance of a tuneable secondary x‐ray spectrometer
journal, July 1989


Characterizing industrial catalysts using in situ XAFS under identical conditions
journal, January 2010


Multiple-element spectrometer for non-resonant inelastic X-ray spectroscopy of electronic excitations
journal, June 2009


Quick-EXAFS implementation on the general purpose EXAFS beamline at ESRF
journal, January 2011


X-ray analyzer and X-ray analysis method
patent-application, February 2013


An efficient X-ray spectrometer based on thin mosaic crystal films and its application in various fields of X-ray spectroscopy
journal, May 2009


Structural Investigations of LiFePO 4 Electrodes by Fe X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
journal, June 2004


X-ray emission spectroscopy
journal, August 2009


Recent Improvements in Laboratory XAFS Facility
journal, January 1993


Position-sensitive X-ray detector
journal, May 1984


MERIX—Next generation medium energy resolution inelastic X-ray scattering instrument at the APS
journal, June 2013


A versatile in situ spectroscopic cell for fluorescence/transmission EXAFS and X-ray diffraction of heterogeneous catalysts in gas and liquid phase
journal, June 2007


In Situ X-ray Absorption Spectroscopic Study on LiNi 0.5 Mn 0.5 O 2 Cathode Material during Electrochemical Cycling
journal, August 2003


X-ray bandwidth: Determination by on-edge absorption and effect on various absorption experiments
journal, February 2004


In situ investigations of a Li-rich Mn–Ni layered oxide for Li-ion batteries
journal, January 2012


Design and performance of the SLD vertex detector: a 307 Mpixel tracking system
journal, December 1997

  • Abe, K.; Arodzero, A.; Baltay, C.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 400, Issue 2-3
  • https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9002(97)01011-5

Variable Rowland radius laboratory vacuum surface-sensitive x-ray absorption fine structure spectrometer
journal, February 2007


In Situ Observation of Nucleation and Growth Process of Gold Nanoparticles by Quick XAFS Spectroscopy
journal, December 2010


New Technique for Investigating Noncrystalline Structures: Fourier Analysis of the Extended X-Ray—Absorption Fine Structure
journal, November 1971


The analysis of x-ray absorption fine structure: beam-line independent interpretation
journal, August 2007


New developments in fabrication of high-energy-resolution analyzers for inelastic X-ray spectroscopy
journal, March 2011


Five-element Johann-type x-ray emission spectrometer with a single-photon-counting pixel detector
journal, June 2011


Calibration and characterization of single photon counting cameras for short-pulse laser experiments
journal, October 2008


Study on Li de-intercalation/intercalation mechanism for a high capacity layered Li1.20Ni0.17Co0.10Mn0.53O2 material
journal, October 2012


A laboratory EXAFS spectrometer in transmission dispersive mode
journal, April 1994


Table-Top Ultrafast X-Ray Microcalorimeter Spectrometry for Molecular Structure
journal, March 2013


Small spot and high energy resolution XRF system for valence state determination
patent-application, February 2010


Laser plasma x-ray source for ultrafast time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy
journal, March 2015


Portable and on-line arsenic analyzer for drinking water
patent, November 2007


Ultrafast laser-driven x-ray spectrometer for x-ray absorption spectroscopy of transition metal complexes
journal, January 2004


Versatile curved crystal spectrometer for laboratory extended x‐ray absorption fine structure measurements
journal, March 1983


High resolution X-ray detector for synchrotron-based microtomography
journal, September 2002

  • Stampanoni, Marco; Borchert, Gunther; Wyss, Peter
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 491, Issue 1-2
  • https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9002(02)01167-1

Novel In Situ Probes for Nanocatalysis
journal, December 2007


Laboratory Dispersive EXAFS Spectrometer
journal, April 1997


In Situ X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopic Study of Li[sub 1.05]Ni[sub 0.35]Co[sub 0.25]Mn[sub 0.4]O[sub 2] Cathode Material Coated with LiCoO[sub 2]
journal, January 2007


High-resolution Laue-type DuMond curved crystal spectrometer
journal, September 2013


Robust optic alignment in a tilt-free implementation of the Rowland circle spectrometer
journal, February 2017


Design criteria for a laboratory EXAFS facility
journal, February 1981


Carbon nanotubes as electron source in an x-ray tube
journal, April 2001


A 2 m inelastic X-ray scattering spectrometer at CMC-XOR, Advanced Photon Source
journal, June 2007


High-resolution von Hamos crystal X-ray spectrometer
journal, June 1996

  • Hoszowska, J.; Dousse, J. -Cl.; Kern, J.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 376, Issue 1
  • https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-9002(96)00262-8

In Situ Electrochemical XAFS Studies on an Iron Fluoride High-Capacity Cathode Material for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
journal, May 2013


Spherical analyzers and monochromators for resonant inelastic hard X-ray scattering: a compilation of crystals and reflections
journal, November 2012


Methods For Aligning A Spectrometer
patent-application, January 2019


Laboratory EXAFS spectrometer for catalyst studies
journal, January 1982


XANES study of polyaniline–V2O5 and sulfonated polyaniline–V2O5 nanocomposites
journal, July 2002


In-situ XAS study on Li2MnSiO4 and Li2FeSiO4 cathode materials
journal, April 2009


Resonant inelastic hard x-ray scattering with diced analyzer crystals and position-sensitive detectors
journal, May 2006


Method and apparatus for implement XANES analysis
patent, April 2007


Design and performance of a versatile curved-crystal spectrometer for high-resolution spectroscopy in the tender x-ray range
journal, March 2012


A laboratory-based hard x-ray monochromator for high-resolution x-ray emission spectroscopy and x-ray absorption near edge structure measurements
journal, November 2014


A new in-laboratory XAFS facility
journal, June 1989


Designing High-Capacity, Lithium-Ion Cathodes Using X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
journal, December 2011


The role of XAFS in the in situ and ex situ elucidation of active sites in designed solid catalysts
journal, March 2001


A high‐resolution x‐ray fluorescence spectrometer for near‐edge absorption studies
journal, January 1992


Valence-to-Core X-Ray Emission Spectroscopy of Iron-Carbonyl Complexes: Implications for the Examination of Catalytic Intermediates
journal, October 2013


Study of the Capacity Fading Mechanism for Fe-Substituted LiCoO[sub 2] Positive Electrode
journal, January 2004


Sulfur-Metal Orbital Hybridization in Sulfur-Bearing Compounds Studied by X-ray Emission Spectroscopy
journal, July 2010


Direct Detection of Oxygen Ligation to the Mn4Ca Cluster of Photosystem II by X-ray Emission Spectroscopy
journal, December 2009


Synthesis, Cation Distribution, and Electrochemical Properties of Fe-Substituted Li[sub 2]MnO[sub 3] as a Novel 4 V Positive Electrode Material
journal, January 2002


In situTransmission X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Analysis of the Charge–Discharge Process in LiMn2O4, a Rechargeable Lithium Battery Material
journal, November 1997


Customization of an InHouse XAFS Spectrometer for Sulfur Measurement
journal, January 2005


A new approach for in-laboratory XAFS equipment
journal, May 1999


In situ XAFS and micro-XAFS studies on LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 cathode material for lithium-ion batteries
journal, November 2006


Laboratory-based micro-X-ray fluorescence setup using a von Hamos crystal spectrometer and a focused beam X-ray tube
journal, April 2014


X-ray absorption spectroscopy and heterogeneous catalysis: Performances at the SOLEIL's SAMBA beamline
journal, April 2013


In situ intermediate-energy X-ray catalysis research at the advanced photon source beamline 9-BM
journal, April 2013


Development of multipurpose laboratory XIEES spectrometer and its application to surface XAFS analysis of Al 2 O 3 films
journal, March 2001


A seven-crystal Johann-type hard x-ray spectrometer at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource
journal, May 2013


X-ray absorption measurements on nickel cathode of sodium-beta alumina batteries: Fe–Ni–Cl chemical associations
journal, February 2014


The Role of Synchrotron-Based Studies in the Elucidation and Design of Active Sites in Titanium−Silica Epoxidation Catalysts
journal, July 2001


Kinetic Modeling of the X-ray-Induced Damage to a Metalloprotein
journal, July 2013


Generation of ultrashort hard-x-ray pulses with tabletop laser systems at a 2-kHz repetition rate
journal, January 2003


Instrument and Method for X-ray Diffraction, Fluorescence, and Crystal Texture Analysis Without Sample Preparation
patent-application, January 0211


High resolution 1s core hole X-ray spectroscopy in 3d transition metal complexes—electronic and structural information
journal, January 2005


In situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy of germanium evaporated thin film electrodes
journal, September 2010


Valence to Core X-ray Emission Spectroscopy
journal, May 2014


Portable x-ray fluorescence spectrometer
patent, October 2002


Improving the energy resolution of bent crystal X-ray spectrometers with position-sensitive detectors
journal, June 2014


Laboratory x‐ray spectrometer for EXAFS and XANES measurements
journal, February 1983