DOE Patents title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Sodium-halogen secondary cell

Abstract

An intermediate temperature sodium-halogen secondary cell that includes a negative electrode compartment housing a negative, molten sodium-based electrode and a positive electrode compartment housing a current collector disposed in a highly conductive molten positive electrolyte. A sodium halide (NaX) positive electrode is disposed in a molten positive electrolyte comprising one or more AlX3 salts, wherein X may be the same or different halogen selected from Cl, Br, and I, wherein the ratio of NaX to AlX3 is greater than or equal to one. A sodium ion conductive solid electrolyte membrane separates the molten sodium negative electrode from the molten positive electrolyte. The secondary cell operates at a temperature in the range from about 80° C. to 210° C.

Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Field Upgrading USA, Inc., Broomfield, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1771696
Patent Number(s):
10854929
Application Number:
14/956,078
Assignee:
Field Upgrading USA, Inc. (Broomfield, CO)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
H - ELECTRICITY H01 - BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS H01M - PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
Y - NEW / CROSS SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES Y02 - TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE Y02E - REDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
DOE Contract Number:  
1189875
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 12/01/2015
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Bhavaraju, Sai, Robins, Mathew, and Eccleston, Alexis. Sodium-halogen secondary cell. United States: N. p., 2020. Web.
Bhavaraju, Sai, Robins, Mathew, & Eccleston, Alexis. Sodium-halogen secondary cell. United States.
Bhavaraju, Sai, Robins, Mathew, and Eccleston, Alexis. Tue . "Sodium-halogen secondary cell". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1771696.
@article{osti_1771696,
title = {Sodium-halogen secondary cell},
author = {Bhavaraju, Sai and Robins, Mathew and Eccleston, Alexis},
abstractNote = {An intermediate temperature sodium-halogen secondary cell that includes a negative electrode compartment housing a negative, molten sodium-based electrode and a positive electrode compartment housing a current collector disposed in a highly conductive molten positive electrolyte. A sodium halide (NaX) positive electrode is disposed in a molten positive electrolyte comprising one or more AlX3 salts, wherein X may be the same or different halogen selected from Cl, Br, and I, wherein the ratio of NaX to AlX3 is greater than or equal to one. A sodium ion conductive solid electrolyte membrane separates the molten sodium negative electrode from the molten positive electrolyte. The secondary cell operates at a temperature in the range from about 80° C. to 210° C.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {12}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Selective metal cation-conducting ceramics
patent, December 1996


Methods and reagents for enhancing the cycling efficiency of lithium polymer batteries
patent, January 2000


Dentrite-Free Electrochemical Deposition of Li–Na Alloys from an Ionic Liquid Electrolyte
journal, January 2006


Reversible high energy capacity metal-sulfur battery and method of making same
patent, September 1996


Electrolytes with strong oxidizing additives for lithium/sulfur batteries
patent, October 2003


Bronze suppression in an alkali metal/sulfur ammonia battery
patent, January 1984


Iron-based storage battery
patent, March 2000


Ionically conductive composites for protection of active metal anodes
patent, October 2007


Electrochemical cell
patent, February 1997


Battery utilizing ceramic membranes
patent, August 1994


Rechargeable positive electrodes
patent, April 2002


Nickel hydroxide electrode material and method for making the same
patent, July 2002


Protected active metal electrode and battery cell structures with non-aqueous interlayer architecture
patent, October 2007


Coated lithium electrodes
patent, October 2005


Rechargeable battery
patent, July 2001


Low temperature primary electrolyte cell
patent, April 1977


Cation Electrochemical Stability in Chloroaluminate Ionic Liquids
journal, October 2005


Method of forming sodium beta-Al.sub.2 O.sub.3 films and coatings
patent, January 1981


The Role of Additives in the Electroreduction of Sodium Ions in Chloroaluminate-Based Ionic Liquids
journal, January 2005


Method for making metal-air electrode with water soluble catalyst precursors
patent, September 2001


Process for the production of white oils
patent, October 1991


Method of preparing electrodes having evenly distributed component mixtures
patent, August 2000


Electrochemical Investigation of Quaternary Ammonium/Aluminum Chloride Ionic Liquids
journal, January 2004


Microscopic batteries for MEMS systems
patent, August 2003


High power nickel-metal hydride batteries and high power electrodes for use therein
patent, January 1999


Liquid electrolyte lithium-sulfur batteries
patent, March 2002


Alleviation of voltage delay in lithium-liquid depolarizer/electrolyte solvent battery cells
patent, January 2009


Alkali metal-cathode solution battery
patent, November 2014


Sodium-Halogen Battery
patent, November 1975


Rechargeable positive electrodes
patent, November 1997


Electrolyte for a lithium-sulfur battery and a lithium-sulfur battery using the same
patent, February 2005


Polymer electrolyte batteries having improved electrode/electrolyte interface
patent, March 2002


XAFS analysis of triiodide ion in solutions
journal, March 2001


Protective coatings for negative electrodes
patent, February 2000


Electrolyte and Energy Storage Device
patent-application, June 2011


Overcharge protection systems for rechargeable batteries
patent, March 1999


Galvanic Cell and Method of Operation
patent, December 1970


Ionically conductive membranes for protection of active metal anodes and battery cells
patent, June 2008


Compositions and methods for protection of active metal anodes and polymer electrolytes
patent, October 2008


Method for forming solid electrolyte composite
patent, August 1977


High capacity/high discharge rate rechargeable positive electrode
patent, March 2001


Gas diffusion electrode and catalyst for electrochemical oxygen reduction and method of dispersing the catalyst
patent, August 2007


Organic cell
patent, April 1986


Electrochemical cell
patent, October 1996


Lewis acid thermoelectrochemical converter
patent, November 1993


Alkali metal battery
patent, June 1996


Lithium-water battery
patent, June 1995


Ionic-liquid materials for the electrochemical challenges of the future
journal, July 2009


Mixed ionic electronic conductor coatings for redox electrodes
patent, April 2001


Sodium-halogen secondary cell
patent, August 2016


Zinc electrode and rechargeable zinc-air battery
patent, June 1989


Nickel-metal hydride battery using alkali ion conducting separator
patent, September 2011


Electrochemical cell
patent, July 1996


Rechargeable hearing aid system
patent, October 2001


Secondary battery with autolytic dendrites
patent, May 2007


Rechargeable sodium alloy anode
patent, June 1988


Overcharge protection systems for rechargeable batteries
patent, June 2001


Microscopic batteries integrated with MEMS systems
patent, December 2006


Bipolar metal/air battery
patent, May 1989


Coated lithium electrodes
patent, March 2003


Metal hydride electrochemical cell having a polymer electrolyte
patent, July 1996


Sodium-sulphur cell, method of operating same and method of load levelling using the same
patent, June 1990


Cylindrical alkaline cells with increased discharge performance
patent, January 2008


Secondary cell using organosulfur/metal charge transfer materials as positive electrode
patent, May 1996


Dioxolane as a proctector for lithium electrodes
patent, May 2001


Ionically conductive composites for protection of active metal anodes
patent, October 2007


Liquid electrolyte lithium-sulfur batteries
patent, February 2000


Aluminum and sulfur electrochemical batteries and cells
patent, July 1997


Chemical reaction battery
patent, March 2000


Metal air cathode and electrochemical cells made therewith
patent, June 2001


Electrochemical cell
patent, March 1983


Process for desulfurization of petroleum feeds utilizing sodium metal
patent, April 2001


A Solid Sulfur Cathode for Aqueous Batteries
journal, August 1993


Alkaline battery including nickel oxyhydroxide cathode and zinc anode
patent, September 2007


High temperature sodium battery with high energy efficiency
patent, August 2016


Microscopic batteries for MEMS systems
patent, January 2007


Method for producing molten salts with an extruder and use of the molten salts
patent, July 2004


Low temperature molten sodium secondary cell with sodium ion conductive electrolyte membrane
patent, March 2015


Battery separator
patent, December 2000


Methods and reagents for enhancing the cycling efficiency of lithium polymer batteries
patent, December 2000


Continuous in-situ combination process for upgrading heavy oil
patent, August 1999


High temperature lithium oxyhalide electrochemical cell
patent, June 2002


A low temperature NaS battery incorporating A soluble S cathode
journal, June 1978


Low temperature alkali metal electrolysis
patent, April 2002


Chemical protection of a lithium surface
patent, June 2005


Encapsulated alloy electrodes
patent, January 2006


Electrochemical cell
patent, August 1992


Non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery
patent, August 2001


Continuous in-situ combination process for upgrading heavy oil
patent, December 1997


NaOH production from ceramic electrolytic cell
patent, March 1994


Plating metal negative electrodes under protective coatings
patent, June 2002


Active metal fuel cells
patent, February 2009


Secondary battery
patent, September 1991


Low temperature alkali metal electrolysis
patent, September 2004


Electrochemical cell
patent, October 1985


Alkali Metal-Metal Chloride Battery
patent, April 1975


Treatment of crude oils
patent, October 2005


Encapsulated lithium alloy electrodes having barrier layers
patent, July 2002


Layered arrangements of lithium electrodes
patent, July 2002


Encapsulated lithium alloy electrodes having barrier layers
patent, May 2004


Alkaline battery having a protective layer
patent, May 2012