DOE Patents title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Gain balanced nonlinear optical interferometer

Abstract

A nonlinear fiber interferometer is disclosed suitable for fiber sensor and other applications. A first nonlinear fiber section amplifies probe and conjugate sidebands of a pump through four-wave mixing. A second section introduces a phase shift to be measured, for example from a sensor. A third nonlinear fiber section amplifies with phase-sensitive gain to increase signal-to-noise ratio. Based on phase-sensitive output power of probe and/or conjugate components, the phase shift can be measured. Superior performance can be obtained by balancing gain between the (first and third) nonlinear sections. Non-fiber, for example photonic integrated circuit, embodiments are disclosed. Differential sensing, alternative detection schemes, sensing applications, associated methods, and other variations are disclosed.

Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1735082
Patent Number(s):
10725360
Application Number:
16/408,945
Assignee:
UT-Battelle, LLC (Oak Ridge, TN)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
G - PHYSICS G02 - OPTICS G02F - DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 05/10/2019
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Lukens, Joseph M., Peters, Nicholas A., and Pooser, Raphael C. Gain balanced nonlinear optical interferometer. United States: N. p., 2020. Web.
Lukens, Joseph M., Peters, Nicholas A., & Pooser, Raphael C. Gain balanced nonlinear optical interferometer. United States.
Lukens, Joseph M., Peters, Nicholas A., and Pooser, Raphael C. Tue . "Gain balanced nonlinear optical interferometer". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1735082.
@article{osti_1735082,
title = {Gain balanced nonlinear optical interferometer},
author = {Lukens, Joseph M. and Peters, Nicholas A. and Pooser, Raphael C.},
abstractNote = {A nonlinear fiber interferometer is disclosed suitable for fiber sensor and other applications. A first nonlinear fiber section amplifies probe and conjugate sidebands of a pump through four-wave mixing. A second section introduces a phase shift to be measured, for example from a sensor. A third nonlinear fiber section amplifies with phase-sensitive gain to increase signal-to-noise ratio. Based on phase-sensitive output power of probe and/or conjugate components, the phase shift can be measured. Superior performance can be obtained by balancing gain between the (first and third) nonlinear sections. Non-fiber, for example photonic integrated circuit, embodiments are disclosed. Differential sensing, alternative detection schemes, sensing applications, associated methods, and other variations are disclosed.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {7}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Diode-pumped alkali amplifier
patent, June 2006


Nonlinear interferometer systems and methods
patent, March 2020


Double-pass acousto-optic modulator system
journal, June 2005


Realization of a nonlinear interferometer with parametric amplifiers
journal, July 2011


Low noise optical phase-sensitive amplifier for dual-polarization modulation formats
patent, January 2016


Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers
journal, June 2011


Phase sensitivity of gain-unbalanced nonlinear interferometers
journal, November 2017


Nonlinear interferometers in quantum optics
journal, January 2016


Naturally stable Sagnac–Michelson nonlinear interferometer
journal, January 2016


Experimental implementation of phase locking in a nonlinear interferometer
journal, September 2015


The effect of losses on the quantum-noise cancellation in the SU(1,1) interferometer
journal, August 2016


Effect of input phase modulation to a phase-sensitive optical amplifier
journal, January 2016


SU(2) and SU(1,1) interferometers
journal, June 1986


Detection Loss Tolerant Supersensitive Phase Measurement with an SU(1,1) Interferometer
journal, November 2017


Phase-sensitive four-wave mixing interferometer
journal, January 2014


Experimental implementation of a nonlinear beamsplitter based on a phase-sensitive parametric amplifier
journal, March 2016


Fiber-Optic Sensing: A Historical Perspective
journal, May 2008


Phase-sensitive amplification in silicon photonic crystal waveguides
journal, January 2014


Experimental investigation of the visibility dependence in a nonlinear interferometer using parametric amplifiers
journal, January 2013


Interferometric Fiber Optic Sensors
journal, February 2012


A broadband fiber-optic nonlinear interferometer
journal, August 2018


Optical phase-sensitive amplifier with raman amplifier intermediate stage
patent, December 2017


Ultralow Noise, Broadband Phase-Sensitive Optical Amplifiers, and Their Applications
journal, March 2012


Frustrated two-photon creation via interference
journal, January 1994


Quantum metrology with parametric amplifier-based photon correlation interferometers
journal, January 2014


Low-noise optical amplification and signal processing in parametric devices
journal, January 2013


Coherent-light-boosted, sub-shot noise, quantum interferometry
journal, August 2010


System for minimizing the depolarization of a laser beam due to thermally induced birefringence
patent, April 1996


Effect of losses on the performance of an SU(1,1) interferometer
journal, August 2012


Processing of optical combs with fiber optic parametric amplifiers
journal, January 2012