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Title: Air-sparged hydrocyclone for cryogenic gas vapor separation

Abstract

An air-sparged hydrocyclone for separating a vapor from a carrier gas is disclosed. The cyclone comprises a porous sparger covered by an outer gas plenum. A cryogenic liquid is injected to a tangential feed inlet at a velocity that induces a tangential flow and a cyclone vortex in the air-sparged hydrocyclone. The carrier gas is injected into the cyclone through the porous sparger. The vapor dissolves, condenses, desublimates, or a combination thereof, forming a vapor-depleted carrier gas and a vapor-enriched cryogenic liquid. The vapor-depleted carrier gas is drawn through a vortex finder and the vapor-enriched cryogenic liquid is drawn through an apex nozzle outlet. In this manner, the vapor is removed from the carrier gas.

Inventors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Sustainable Energy Solutions, LLC, Orem, UT (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1576386
Patent Number(s):
10399092
Application Number:
15/439,482
Assignee:
Sustainable Energy Solutions, LLC (Orem, UT)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B04 - CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES B04C - APPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
F - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING F25 - REFRIGERATION OR COOLING F25J - LIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS {OR LIQUEFIED GASEOUS} MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT {OR BY BRINGING THEM INTO THE SUPERCRITICAL STATE
DOE Contract Number:  
FE0028697
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2017 Feb 22
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Baxter, Larry, Hoeger, Christopher, Sayre, Aaron, Chamberlain, Skyler, Stitt, Kyler, Mansfield, Eric, Burt, Stephanie, Chamberlain, Jacom, Baxter, Andrew, and Davis, Nathan. Air-sparged hydrocyclone for cryogenic gas vapor separation. United States: N. p., 2019. Web.
Baxter, Larry, Hoeger, Christopher, Sayre, Aaron, Chamberlain, Skyler, Stitt, Kyler, Mansfield, Eric, Burt, Stephanie, Chamberlain, Jacom, Baxter, Andrew, & Davis, Nathan. Air-sparged hydrocyclone for cryogenic gas vapor separation. United States.
Baxter, Larry, Hoeger, Christopher, Sayre, Aaron, Chamberlain, Skyler, Stitt, Kyler, Mansfield, Eric, Burt, Stephanie, Chamberlain, Jacom, Baxter, Andrew, and Davis, Nathan. Tue . "Air-sparged hydrocyclone for cryogenic gas vapor separation". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1576386.
@article{osti_1576386,
title = {Air-sparged hydrocyclone for cryogenic gas vapor separation},
author = {Baxter, Larry and Hoeger, Christopher and Sayre, Aaron and Chamberlain, Skyler and Stitt, Kyler and Mansfield, Eric and Burt, Stephanie and Chamberlain, Jacom and Baxter, Andrew and Davis, Nathan},
abstractNote = {An air-sparged hydrocyclone for separating a vapor from a carrier gas is disclosed. The cyclone comprises a porous sparger covered by an outer gas plenum. A cryogenic liquid is injected to a tangential feed inlet at a velocity that induces a tangential flow and a cyclone vortex in the air-sparged hydrocyclone. The carrier gas is injected into the cyclone through the porous sparger. The vapor dissolves, condenses, desublimates, or a combination thereof, forming a vapor-depleted carrier gas and a vapor-enriched cryogenic liquid. The vapor-depleted carrier gas is drawn through a vortex finder and the vapor-enriched cryogenic liquid is drawn through an apex nozzle outlet. In this manner, the vapor is removed from the carrier gas.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

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