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Title: Heavy fossil hydrocarbon conversion and upgrading using radio-frequency or microwave energy

Abstract

Conversion of heavy fossil hydrocarbons (HFH) to a variety of value-added chemicals and/or fuels can be enhanced using microwave (MW) and/or radio-frequency (RF) energy. Variations of reactants, process parameters, and reactor design can significantly influence the relative distribution of chemicals and fuels generated as the product. In one example, a system for flash microwave conversion of HFH includes a source concentrating microwave or RF energy in a reaction zone having a pressure greater than 0.9 atm, a continuous feed having HFH and a process gas passing through the reaction zone, a HFH-to-liquids catalyst contacting the HFH in at least the reaction zone, and dielectric discharges within the reaction zone. The HFH and the catalyst have a residence time in the reaction zone of less than 30 seconds. In some instances, a plasma can form in or near the reaction zone.

Inventors:
; ; ; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1532040
Patent Number(s):
9862892
Application Number:
14/464,635
Assignee:
Battelle Memorial Institute (Richland, WA)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B01 - PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL B01J - CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY
C - CHEMISTRY C10 - PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES C10G - CRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS
DOE Contract Number:  
HR0011-10-0088; Z075/00
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2014-08-20
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Strohm, James J., Roberts, Benjamin Q., Smurthwaite, Tricia D., Bergsman, Theresa M., and Bearden, Mark D.. Heavy fossil hydrocarbon conversion and upgrading using radio-frequency or microwave energy. United States: N. p., 2018. Web.
Strohm, James J., Roberts, Benjamin Q., Smurthwaite, Tricia D., Bergsman, Theresa M., & Bearden, Mark D.. Heavy fossil hydrocarbon conversion and upgrading using radio-frequency or microwave energy. United States.
Strohm, James J., Roberts, Benjamin Q., Smurthwaite, Tricia D., Bergsman, Theresa M., and Bearden, Mark D.. Tue . "Heavy fossil hydrocarbon conversion and upgrading using radio-frequency or microwave energy". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1532040.
@article{osti_1532040,
title = {Heavy fossil hydrocarbon conversion and upgrading using radio-frequency or microwave energy},
author = {Strohm, James J. and Roberts, Benjamin Q. and Smurthwaite, Tricia D. and Bergsman, Theresa M. and Bearden, Mark D.},
abstractNote = {Conversion of heavy fossil hydrocarbons (HFH) to a variety of value-added chemicals and/or fuels can be enhanced using microwave (MW) and/or radio-frequency (RF) energy. Variations of reactants, process parameters, and reactor design can significantly influence the relative distribution of chemicals and fuels generated as the product. In one example, a system for flash microwave conversion of HFH includes a source concentrating microwave or RF energy in a reaction zone having a pressure greater than 0.9 atm, a continuous feed having HFH and a process gas passing through the reaction zone, a HFH-to-liquids catalyst contacting the HFH in at least the reaction zone, and dielectric discharges within the reaction zone. The HFH and the catalyst have a residence time in the reaction zone of less than 30 seconds. In some instances, a plasma can form in or near the reaction zone.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

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