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Title: Apparatus for generating a gas which may be used for startup and shutdown of a fuel cell

Abstract

The present invention provides a gas generator that may be used for startup and shutdown of a fuel cell. In one non-limiting embodiment, the gas generator may include a nitrogen generator structured to receive air, extract oxygen (O2) from the air and discharge the balance in the form of a nitrogen-rich gas; a merging chamber structured to receive a hydrocarbon fuel and the nitrogen-rich gas and to discharge a feed mixture containing both the hydrocarbon fuel and the nitrogen-rich gas; and a catalytic reactor structured to receive the feed mixture and to catalytically convert the feed mixture into a reducing gas.

Inventors:
; ; ; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Rolls-Royce Fuel Cell Systems (US) Inc., North Canton, OH (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1531906
Patent Number(s):
8668752
Application Number:
12/554,460
Assignee:
Rolls-Royce Fuel Cell Systems (US) Inc. (North Canton, OH)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
H - ELECTRICITY H01 - BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS H01M - PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B01 - PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL B01D - SEPARATION
DOE Contract Number:  
FC26-06NT42809
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2009-09-04
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; 42 ENGINEERING

Citation Formats

Scotto, Mark Vincent, Birmingham, Daniel P., DeBellis, Crispin L., Perna, Mark Anthony, and Rush, Gregory C. Apparatus for generating a gas which may be used for startup and shutdown of a fuel cell. United States: N. p., 2014. Web.
Scotto, Mark Vincent, Birmingham, Daniel P., DeBellis, Crispin L., Perna, Mark Anthony, & Rush, Gregory C. Apparatus for generating a gas which may be used for startup and shutdown of a fuel cell. United States.
Scotto, Mark Vincent, Birmingham, Daniel P., DeBellis, Crispin L., Perna, Mark Anthony, and Rush, Gregory C. Tue . "Apparatus for generating a gas which may be used for startup and shutdown of a fuel cell". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1531906.
@article{osti_1531906,
title = {Apparatus for generating a gas which may be used for startup and shutdown of a fuel cell},
author = {Scotto, Mark Vincent and Birmingham, Daniel P. and DeBellis, Crispin L. and Perna, Mark Anthony and Rush, Gregory C.},
abstractNote = {The present invention provides a gas generator that may be used for startup and shutdown of a fuel cell. In one non-limiting embodiment, the gas generator may include a nitrogen generator structured to receive air, extract oxygen (O2) from the air and discharge the balance in the form of a nitrogen-rich gas; a merging chamber structured to receive a hydrocarbon fuel and the nitrogen-rich gas and to discharge a feed mixture containing both the hydrocarbon fuel and the nitrogen-rich gas; and a catalytic reactor structured to receive the feed mixture and to catalytically convert the feed mixture into a reducing gas.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {3}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Process for operating a gas generator
patent, June 1987


Internal combustion engine with a precombustion chamber
patent, September 2009


Gas containment/control valve for a solid oxide fuel cell
patent, January 2004


Feed composition modification for internal combustion engines
patent, June 2004


Method of operating a fuel cell
patent, March 2009


Fuel cell electric power production
patent, June 1985


Controlled atmosphere system for a refrigerated container
patent, October 1995


Engine and method for operating an engine
patent, December 2008


High-temperature fuel cells with oxygen-enriched gas
patent, December 1992


Anode gas burner for inert gas generation, method and apparatus
patent, September 2003


Power generation plant including fuel cell
patent, September 1993


Purging method of fuel cell system
patent, March 2010


Fuel reforming process for internal combustion engines
patent, February 2011


Procedure for purging a fuel cell system with inert gas made from organic fuel
patent, November 2003


Multi-stream energy source steam generator system
patent, July 2003


Internal combustion engine start-up operating mode and engine using same
patent, April 2007


Industrial variable carbon potential gas generator
patent, November 1994


Method and apparatus for filtering hot syngas
patent, June 2000


Fuel processor
patent, November 2004


Substituted isoquinolinyl-1-2-diaminocyclobutene-3,4,-diones
patent, March 1995


Selectively controllable modular auto-thermal reformer and method for same
patent, July 2004


Cover and startup gas supply system for solid oxide fuel cell generator
patent, July 1999


Integrated manifold/reformer for fuel cell systems
patent, December 2001


Compact multi-fuel steam reformer
patent, August 1999


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Engine systems that are supplied with reformed fuel
    patent, October 2018


    Engine systems and methods of operating an engine
    patent, August 2015


    Dedicated exhaust gas recirculation engine fueling control
    patent, January 2018


    Engine systems and methods of operating an engine
    patent, September 2015


    Reducing gas generators and methods for generating a reducing gas
    patent, November 2015