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Title: Electrolyte compositions for lithium and lithium-ion batteries

Abstract

"The present invention provides an electrolyte composition for a lithium or lithium-ion battery comprising a lithium salt in a liquid carrier comprising (a) a linear alkyl carbonate solvent, a cyclic alkyl carbonate solvent, or a combination thereof, and (b) a glycerol carbonate derivative compound of Formula (I):wherein X is selected from O, O(CO)O, S, N, P, P(═O), B, and Si; n is 1 when X is O, O(CO)O, or S; n is 2 when x is N, P, P(═O), or B; n is 3 when X is Si; and each R independently is selected from alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, aryl, acyl, heteroaryl, a 5-member ring heterocyclic group, a 5-member ring heterocycle-substituted methyl group, trialkylsilyl, and any of the foregoing substituted with one or more fluoro substituents, provided that R is acyl only when X is O, S, or N, and R is not alkyl when X is O(CO)O."

Inventors:
;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1531788
Patent Number(s):
8936882
Application Number:
13/219,825
Assignee:
UChicago Argonne, LLC (Chicago, IL)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
H - ELECTRICITY H01 - BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS H01M - PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
Y - NEW / CROSS SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES Y02 - TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE Y02E - REDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2011-08-29
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Abraham, Daniel P., and Cheng, Gang. Electrolyte compositions for lithium and lithium-ion batteries. United States: N. p., 2015. Web.
Abraham, Daniel P., & Cheng, Gang. Electrolyte compositions for lithium and lithium-ion batteries. United States.
Abraham, Daniel P., and Cheng, Gang. Tue . "Electrolyte compositions for lithium and lithium-ion batteries". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1531788.
@article{osti_1531788,
title = {Electrolyte compositions for lithium and lithium-ion batteries},
author = {Abraham, Daniel P. and Cheng, Gang},
abstractNote = {"The present invention provides an electrolyte composition for a lithium or lithium-ion battery comprising a lithium salt in a liquid carrier comprising (a) a linear alkyl carbonate solvent, a cyclic alkyl carbonate solvent, or a combination thereof, and (b) a glycerol carbonate derivative compound of Formula (I):wherein X is selected from O, O(CO)O, S, N, P, P(═O), B, and Si; n is 1 when X is O, O(CO)O, or S; n is 2 when x is N, P, P(═O), or B; n is 3 when X is Si; and each R independently is selected from alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, aryl, acyl, heteroaryl, a 5-member ring heterocyclic group, a 5-member ring heterocycle-substituted methyl group, trialkylsilyl, and any of the foregoing substituted with one or more fluoro substituents, provided that R is acyl only when X is O, S, or N, and R is not alkyl when X is O(CO)O."},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {1}
}

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