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Title: Methods and apparatus for producing phase change ice particulate saline slurries

Abstract

A phase change particulate saline slurry and methods and apparatus are provided for producing phase change particulate saline slurries. One method for producing phase change particulate saline slurries includes the steps of providing a liquid with a set percentage freezing point depressant, such as, a set percentage saline solution; subcooling the saline solution to a freezing point to produce ice particles; and increasing an ice particle concentration under controlled temperature for a period of time to provide a set ice particle concentration for the phase change particulate saline slurry. In another method for producing phase change particulate saline slurries, water and a first set amount of sodium chloride are provided to produce a saline solution. The saline solution is cooled to a set temperature. A selected percentage of chunk ice is added to the saline solution and the chunk ice is broken into ice particles. The ice particles have a small size. Next a second set amount of sodium chloride is added and distributed for smoothing of the ice particles. The total saline solution concentrations resulting from the total of the first set amount and the second set amount of added sodium chloride are preferably in the range of aboutmore » 0.5% to 6.0%. The loadings or percentage of ice particles are preferably in the range of 5% to 50%. A phase change particulate saline slurry includes a water and sodium chloride solution. The sodium chloride is provided in a range between about 0.5% to 6.0%. A percentage of ice particles is provided in the range between about 5% to 50%. The ice particles have a size of about 1 mm or less than 1 mm; and the ice particles have a generally smooth shape.« less

Inventors:
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1531445
Patent Number(s):
6,413,444
Application Number:
09/586,576
Assignee:
The University of Chicago (Chicago, IL)
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31-109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2000-06-02
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Kasza, Kenneth E. Methods and apparatus for producing phase change ice particulate saline slurries. United States: N. p., 2002. Web.
Kasza, Kenneth E. Methods and apparatus for producing phase change ice particulate saline slurries. United States.
Kasza, Kenneth E. Tue . "Methods and apparatus for producing phase change ice particulate saline slurries". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1531445.
@article{osti_1531445,
title = {Methods and apparatus for producing phase change ice particulate saline slurries},
author = {Kasza, Kenneth E.},
abstractNote = {A phase change particulate saline slurry and methods and apparatus are provided for producing phase change particulate saline slurries. One method for producing phase change particulate saline slurries includes the steps of providing a liquid with a set percentage freezing point depressant, such as, a set percentage saline solution; subcooling the saline solution to a freezing point to produce ice particles; and increasing an ice particle concentration under controlled temperature for a period of time to provide a set ice particle concentration for the phase change particulate saline slurry. In another method for producing phase change particulate saline slurries, water and a first set amount of sodium chloride are provided to produce a saline solution. The saline solution is cooled to a set temperature. A selected percentage of chunk ice is added to the saline solution and the chunk ice is broken into ice particles. The ice particles have a small size. Next a second set amount of sodium chloride is added and distributed for smoothing of the ice particles. The total saline solution concentrations resulting from the total of the first set amount and the second set amount of added sodium chloride are preferably in the range of about 0.5% to 6.0%. The loadings or percentage of ice particles are preferably in the range of 5% to 50%. A phase change particulate saline slurry includes a water and sodium chloride solution. The sodium chloride is provided in a range between about 0.5% to 6.0%. A percentage of ice particles is provided in the range between about 5% to 50%. The ice particles have a size of about 1 mm or less than 1 mm; and the ice particles have a generally smooth shape.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2002},
month = {7}
}

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