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Title: Method for using a hydrocyclone for cryogenic gas vapor separation

Abstract

A method for separating a vapor from a carrier gas is disclosed. A hydrocyclone is provided with one or more nozzles on the wall of the hydrocyclone. A cryogenic liquid is provided to the tangential feed inlet at a velocity that induces a tangential flow and a cyclone vortex in the hydrocyclone. The carrier gas is injected into the hydrocyclone through the one or more nozzles. The vapor dissolves, condenses, desublimates, or a combination thereof, forming a vapor-depleted carrier gas and a vapor-enriched cryogenic liquid. The vapor-depleted gas is drawn through the vortex finder while the vapor-enriched cryogenic liquid is drawn through the apex nozzle outlet. In this manner, the vapor is removed from the carrier gas.

Inventors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Sustainable Energy Solutions LLC, Orem, UT (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1502438
Patent Number(s):
10197329
Application Number:
15/439,305
Assignee:
Sustainable Energy Solutions LLC (Orem, UT)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B04 - CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES B04C - APPARATUS USING FREE VORTEX FLOW, e.g. CYCLONES
F - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING F25 - REFRIGERATION OR COOLING F25J - LIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS {OR LIQUEFIED GASEOUS} MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT {OR BY BRINGING THEM INTO THE SUPERCRITICAL STATE
DOE Contract Number:  
FE0028697
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2017 Feb 22
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING

Citation Formats

Baxter, Larry, Hoeger, Christopher, Sayre, Aaron, Chamberlain, Skyler, Stitt, Kyler, Mansfield, Eric, Chamberlain, Jacom, Burt, Stephanie, Baxter, Andrew, and Davis, Nathan. Method for using a hydrocyclone for cryogenic gas vapor separation. United States: N. p., 2019. Web.
Baxter, Larry, Hoeger, Christopher, Sayre, Aaron, Chamberlain, Skyler, Stitt, Kyler, Mansfield, Eric, Chamberlain, Jacom, Burt, Stephanie, Baxter, Andrew, & Davis, Nathan. Method for using a hydrocyclone for cryogenic gas vapor separation. United States.
Baxter, Larry, Hoeger, Christopher, Sayre, Aaron, Chamberlain, Skyler, Stitt, Kyler, Mansfield, Eric, Chamberlain, Jacom, Burt, Stephanie, Baxter, Andrew, and Davis, Nathan. Tue . "Method for using a hydrocyclone for cryogenic gas vapor separation". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1502438.
@article{osti_1502438,
title = {Method for using a hydrocyclone for cryogenic gas vapor separation},
author = {Baxter, Larry and Hoeger, Christopher and Sayre, Aaron and Chamberlain, Skyler and Stitt, Kyler and Mansfield, Eric and Chamberlain, Jacom and Burt, Stephanie and Baxter, Andrew and Davis, Nathan},
abstractNote = {A method for separating a vapor from a carrier gas is disclosed. A hydrocyclone is provided with one or more nozzles on the wall of the hydrocyclone. A cryogenic liquid is provided to the tangential feed inlet at a velocity that induces a tangential flow and a cyclone vortex in the hydrocyclone. The carrier gas is injected into the hydrocyclone through the one or more nozzles. The vapor dissolves, condenses, desublimates, or a combination thereof, forming a vapor-depleted carrier gas and a vapor-enriched cryogenic liquid. The vapor-depleted gas is drawn through the vortex finder while the vapor-enriched cryogenic liquid is drawn through the apex nozzle outlet. In this manner, the vapor is removed from the carrier gas.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {2}
}

Patent:

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