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Title: System and method for production of ultra-pure hydrogen from biomass

Abstract

The disclosure provides a system and method for synthesizing ultra-pure hydrogen from biomass waste. The present invention comprises a gasifier, an oils and tars filter, a steam generator, a water gas shift reactor ("WGS"), a heat-exchange two-phase water separator, a scrubber, a hydrogen separator, and fluid conduits in fluid communication with the various system components, which together convert hydrocarbon-based biomass, e.g., woodchips, into ultra-pure hydrogen gas. Fluid conduits connect the gasifier and the steam generator, separately, to the WGS, the WGS to the two-phase separator, the two-phase separator to the scrubber, and the scrubber to the hydrogen separator, which further comprises an outlet port through which hydrogen gas may flow free of carbon monoxide. The hydrogen may flow to a device that utilizes hydrogen to generate energy, such as a hydrogen fuel cell or to an internal combustion engine.

Inventors:
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
State Univ. of New York (SUNY), Albany, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1498721
Patent Number(s):
10193176
Application Number:
15/143,577
Assignee:
The Research Foundation for SUNY (Albany, NY)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B01 - PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL B01J - CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY
C - CHEMISTRY C01 - INORGANIC CHEMISTRY C01B - NON-METALLIC ELEMENTS
DOE Contract Number:  
EE0003228
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2016 Apr 30
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Tawfik, Hazem. System and method for production of ultra-pure hydrogen from biomass. United States: N. p., 2019. Web.
Tawfik, Hazem. System and method for production of ultra-pure hydrogen from biomass. United States.
Tawfik, Hazem. Tue . "System and method for production of ultra-pure hydrogen from biomass". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1498721.
@article{osti_1498721,
title = {System and method for production of ultra-pure hydrogen from biomass},
author = {Tawfik, Hazem},
abstractNote = {The disclosure provides a system and method for synthesizing ultra-pure hydrogen from biomass waste. The present invention comprises a gasifier, an oils and tars filter, a steam generator, a water gas shift reactor ("WGS"), a heat-exchange two-phase water separator, a scrubber, a hydrogen separator, and fluid conduits in fluid communication with the various system components, which together convert hydrocarbon-based biomass, e.g., woodchips, into ultra-pure hydrogen gas. Fluid conduits connect the gasifier and the steam generator, separately, to the WGS, the WGS to the two-phase separator, the two-phase separator to the scrubber, and the scrubber to the hydrogen separator, which further comprises an outlet port through which hydrogen gas may flow free of carbon monoxide. The hydrogen may flow to a device that utilizes hydrogen to generate energy, such as a hydrogen fuel cell or to an internal combustion engine.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Process for hydrogen production via integrated processing of landfill gas and biomass
patent, April 2010


Water gas shift catalyst
patent, September 2003


Production of purified synthesis gas H.sub.2 -rich gas, and by-product CO.sub.2 -rich gas
patent, October 1977


Fuel cell system with integrated fuel processor
patent-application, May 2007