skip to main content
DOE Patents title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Advanced electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction


Provided are nanocomposites including an iron-based core and a nitrogen-doped graphitic carbon shell, and methods of making and using the same. Included in the nanocomposites is an Fe 3C-based interlayer between the core and the shell. The nanocomposites can show a catalytic activity toward reducing oxygen comparable to commercial Pt/C catalysts.

Issue Date:
Research Org.:
UWM Research Foundation, Inc., Milwaukee, WI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
OSTI Identifier:
Patent Number(s):
Application Number:
UWM Research Foundation, Inc. (Milwaukee, WI)
DOE Contract Number:  
Resource Type:
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2014 Feb 05
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Chen, Junhong, and Wen, Zhenhai. Advanced electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction. United States: N. p., 2018. Web.
Chen, Junhong, & Wen, Zhenhai. Advanced electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction. United States.
Chen, Junhong, and Wen, Zhenhai. Tue . "Advanced electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction". United States.
title = {Advanced electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction},
author = {Chen, Junhong and Wen, Zhenhai},
abstractNote = {Provided are nanocomposites including an iron-based core and a nitrogen-doped graphitic carbon shell, and methods of making and using the same. Included in the nanocomposites is an Fe3C-based interlayer between the core and the shell. The nanocomposites can show a catalytic activity toward reducing oxygen comparable to commercial Pt/C catalysts.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {11}


Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

A Cytochrome c Oxidase Model Catalyzes Oxygen to Water Reduction Under Rate-Limiting Electron Flux
journal, March 2007

  • Collman, J. P.; Devaraj, N. K.; Decreau, R. A.
  • Science, Vol. 315, Issue 5818, p. 1565-1568
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1135844

Formation mechanism of carbon-encapsulated iron nanorods in a co-carbonization process
journal, March 2011

Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanotube Arrays with High Electrocatalytic Activity for Oxygen Reduction
journal, February 2009

Cyanamide-derived non-precious metal catalyst for oxygen reduction
journal, December 2010

  • Chung, Hoon T.; Johnston, Christina M.; Artyushkova, Kateryna
  • Electrochemistry Communications, Vol. 12, Issue 12, p. 1792-1795
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.elecom.2010.10.027

Effect of oxidation and heat treatment on the morphology and electronic structure of carbon-encapsulated iron carbide nanoparticles
journal, July 2012

An Upflow Microbial Fuel Cell with an Interior Cathode:  Assessment of the Internal Resistance by Impedance Spectroscopy
journal, September 2006

  • He, Zhen; Wagner, Norbert; Minteer, Shelley D.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 40, Issue 17, p. 5212-5217
  • DOI: 10.1021/es060394f

Powering a wireless temperature sensor using sediment microbial fuel cells with vertical arrangement of electrodes
journal, November 2011

Non-conventional Fe3C-based nanostructures
journal, January 2011

  • Giordano, Cristina; Kraupner, Alexander; Fleischer, Iris
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 21, Issue 42
  • DOI: 10.1039/c1jm11744k

On Active-Site Heterogeneity in Pyrolyzed Carbon-Supported Iron Porphyrin Catalysts for the Electrochemical Reduction of Oxygen:  An In Situ Mössbauer Study
journal, December 2002

  • Bouwkamp-Wijnoltz, A. L.; Visscher, W.; van Veen, J. A. R.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 106, Issue 50, p. 12993-13001
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp0266087

Enhancement of Pt and Pt-alloy fuel cell catalyst activity and durability via nitrogen-modified carbon supports
journal, January 2010

  • Zhou, Yingke; Neyerlin, Kenneth; Olson, Tim S.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 3, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1039/c003710a

Alloys of platinum and early transition metals as oxygen reduction electrocatalysts
journal, September 2009

  • Greeley, J.; Stephens, I. E. L.; Bondarenko, A. S.
  • Nature Chemistry, Vol. 1, Issue 7, p. 552-556
  • DOI: 10.1038/nchem.367

Enzymes as Working or Inspirational Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells and Electrolysis
journal, July 2008

  • Cracknell, James A.; Vincent, Kylie A.; Armstrong, Fraser A.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 108, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr0680639

In Search of the Active Site in Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanotube Electrodes for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction
journal, August 2010

  • Rao, Chitturi Venkateswara; Cabrera, Carlos R.; Ishikawa, Yasuyuki
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 1, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1021/jz100971v

Iron-Based Catalysts with Improved Oxygen Reduction Activity in Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells
journal, April 2009

  • Lefèvre, Michel; Proietti, Eric; Jaouen, Frédéric
  • Science, Vol. 324, Issue 5923, p. 71-74
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1170051

Designing PbSe Nanowires and Nanorings through Oriented Attachment of Nanoparticles
journal, May 2005

  • Cho, Kyung-Sang; Talapin, Dmitri V.; Gaschler, Wolfgang
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 127, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja050107s

Nitrogen-Enriched Core-Shell Structured Fe/Fe3C-C Nanorods as Advanced Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction
journal, February 2012

  • Wen, Zhenhai; Ci, Suqin; Zhang, Fei
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 11, p. 1399-1404
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201104392

Synthesis and characterization of iron-impregnated porous carbon spheres prepared by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis
journal, February 2011

Oxygen reduction in nanoporous metal–ionic liquid composite electrocatalysts
journal, October 2010

  • Snyder, J.; Fujita, T.; Chen, M. W.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2878

A metal-free polymeric photocatalyst for hydrogen production from water under visible light
journal, November 2008

  • Wang, Xinchen; Maeda, Kazuhiko; Thomas, Arne
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2317

Synthesis of Ternary Metal Nitride Nanoparticles Using Mesoporous Carbon Nitride as Reactive Template
journal, November 2008

  • Fischer, Anna; Müller, Jens Oliver; Antonietti, Markus
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 2, Issue 12, p. 2489-2496
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn800503a

Co3O4 nanocrystals on graphene as a synergistic catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction
journal, August 2011

  • Liang, Yongye; Li, Yanguang; Wang, Hailiang
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 10, Issue 10, p. 780-786
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3087

A New Fuel Cell Cathode Catalyst
journal, March 1964

  • Jasinski, Raymond
  • Nature, Vol. 201, Issue 4925, p. 1212-1213
  • DOI: 10.1038/2011212a0

High-Performance Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Derived from Polyaniline, Iron, and Cobalt
journal, April 2011

CoSe nanoparticles prepared by the microwave-assisted polyol method as an alcohol and formic acid tolerant oxygen reduction catalyst
journal, June 2010

  • Nekooi, Parisa; Akbari, Marzieh; Amini, Mohammad K.
  • International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 35, Issue 12, p. 6392-6398
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.03.134

Fe-g-C3N4 -Catalyzed Oxidation of Benzene to Phenol Using Hydrogen Peroxide and Visible Light
journal, August 2009

  • Chen, Xiufang; Zhang, Jinshui; Fu, Xianzhi
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 131, Issue 33, p. 11658-11659
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja903923s

From Carbon-Encapsulated Iron Nanorods to Carbon Nanotubes
journal, April 2008

  • Huo, Junping; Song, Huaihe; Chen, Xiaohong
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 112, Issue 15, p. 5835-5839
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp711792x

Iron-based cathode catalyst with enhanced power density in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells
journal, August 2011

  • Proietti, Eric; Jaouen, Frédéric; Lefèvre, Michel
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 2, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1427

Effect of Confinement in Carbon Nanotubes on the Activity of Fischer−Tropsch Iron Catalyst
journal, July 2008

  • Chen, Wei; Fan, Zhongli; Pan, Xiulian
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 130, Issue 29
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja8008192

Iron nanoparticles in carbon nanotubes at various temperatures
journal, April 2005

Synthesis and characterization of carbon-encapsulated iron/iron carbide nanoparticles by a detonation method
journal, November 2010

Improved Oxygen Reduction Activity on Pt3Ni(111) via Increased Surface Site Availability
journal, January 2007

  • Stamenkovic, V. R.; Fowler, B.; Mun, B. S.
  • Science, Vol. 315, Issue 5811, p. 493-497
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1135941

Oxygen Reduction Catalysts for Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells from the Pyrolysis of Iron Acetate Adsorbed on Various Carbon Supports
journal, February 2003

  • Jaouen, Frédéric; Marcotte, Sébastien; Dodelet, Jean-Pol
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 107, Issue 6, p. 1376-1386
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp021634q

Design principles for oxygen-reduction activity on perovskite oxide catalysts for fuel cells and metal–air batteries
journal, June 2011

  • Suntivich, Jin; Gasteiger, Hubert A.; Yabuuchi, Naoaki
  • Nature Chemistry, Vol. 3, Issue 7, p. 546-550
  • DOI: 10.1038/nchem.1069

Unraveling Oxygen Reduction Reaction Mechanisms on Carbon-Supported Fe-Phthalocyanine and Co-Phthalocyanine Catalysts in Alkaline Solutions
journal, November 2009

  • Chen, Rongrong; Li, Haixia; Chu, Deryn
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 113, Issue 48
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp906408y

3-D Carbon Nanotube Structures Used as High Performance Catalyst for Oxygen Reduction Reaction
journal, November 2010

  • Xiong, Wei; Du, Feng; Liu, Yong
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 132, Issue 45, p. 15839-15841
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja104425h

Graphene-Based Non-Noble-Metal Catalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction in Acid
journal, August 2011

  • Byon, Hye Ryung; Suntivich, Jin; Shao-Horn, Yang
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 15, p. 3421-3428
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm2000649

Oxygen Reduction Activity of a Copper Complex of 3,5-Diamino-1,2,4-triazole Supported on Carbon Black
journal, November 2008

  • Thorum, Matthew S.; Yadav, Jessica; Gewirth, Andrew A.
  • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 121, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/ange.200803554

Support nanostructure boosts oxygen transfer to catalytically active platinum nanoparticles
journal, March 2011

  • Vayssilov, Georgi N.; Lykhach, Yaroslava; Migani, Annapaola
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 10, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2976

Molecular Oxygen Reduction in PEM Fuel Cells:  Evidence for the Simultaneous Presence of Two Active Sites in Fe-Based Catalysts
journal, August 2002

  • Lefèvre, M.; Dodelet, J. P.; Bertrand, P.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 106, Issue 34, p. 8705-8713
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp020267f

Nitrogen-Doped Ordered Mesoporous Graphitic Arrays with High Electrocatalytic Activity for Oxygen Reduction
journal, March 2010

  • Liu, Ruili; Wu, Dongqing; Feng, Xinliang
  • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 122, Issue 14, p. 2619-2623
  • DOI: 10.1002/ange.200907289

Iron Carbide Nanoparticles Encapsulated in Mesoporous Fe–N-Doped Graphene-Like Carbon Hybrids as Efficient Bifunctional Oxygen Electrocatalysts
journal, September 2015

  • Jiang, Hongliang; Yao, Yifan; Zhu, Yihua
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b06708

Structural transformation of carbon-encapsulated iron nanoparticles during heat treatment at 1000°C
journal, January 2007

MnO 2 -Based Nanostructures as Catalysts for Electrochemical Oxygen Reduction in Alkaline Media
journal, February 2010

  • Cheng, Fangyi; Su, Yi; Liang, Jing
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 22, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm901698s

Fe x O y @C Spheres as an Excellent Catalyst for Fischer−Tropsch Synthesis
journal, January 2010

  • Yu, Guobin; Sun, Bo; Pei, Yan
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 132, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja906370b

Imperfect Oriented Attachment: Dislocation Generation in Defect-Free Nanocrystals
journal, August 1998

Mesoporous, 2D Hexagonal Carbon Nitride and Titanium Nitride/Carbon Composites
journal, November 2009

  • Jun, Young-Si; Hong, Won Hi; Antonietti, Markus
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 21, Issue 42, p. 4270-4274
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.200803500

Electrochemical Reduction of Oxygen on Gold Nanoparticle-Electrodeposited Glassy Carbon Electrodes
journal, January 2003

  • El-Deab, Mohamed S.; Okajima, Takeyoshi; Ohsaka, Takeo
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 150, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1574806