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Title: Homopiperazine-based catalysts for neutralization of organophosphorus-based compounds

Abstract

Novel compositions of matter based on homopiperazine precursor materials and forming a homopiperazine-based ligand are disclosed, along with suitable techniques and materials for the synthesis and utilization thereof. In particular various synthetic schemes and techniques for applying the disclosed compositions of matter as a decontaminating agent. The decontaminating agents include homopiperazine-based ligand-metal complexes that are particularly effective at neutralizing toxicity of nerve agents, pesticides, and other toxic organophosphorus-based compounds. In preferred approaches, the homopiperazine-based ligand-metal complexes act as catalysts to facilitate substitution of a leaving group of the organophosphorus-based compound with a functional group that does not permit the organophosphorus-based compound to inactivate acetylcholinesterase upon introduction of the organophosphorus-based compound to a living organism such as insects and mammals. Advantageously, the catalytic homopiperazine-based ligand-metal complexes are formed using inexpensive, readily-available precursor materials, and may be utilized to neutralize toxins without relying on damaging caustic reactants or environmentally unfriendly organic solvents.

Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1492053
Patent Number(s):
10,112,912
Application Number:
15/059,232
Assignee:
Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC (Livermore, CA) LLNL
DOE Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2016 Mar 02
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Valdez, Carlos, Lau, Edmond Y., and Mayer, Brian P. Homopiperazine-based catalysts for neutralization of organophosphorus-based compounds. United States: N. p., 2018. Web.
Valdez, Carlos, Lau, Edmond Y., & Mayer, Brian P. Homopiperazine-based catalysts for neutralization of organophosphorus-based compounds. United States.
Valdez, Carlos, Lau, Edmond Y., and Mayer, Brian P. Tue . "Homopiperazine-based catalysts for neutralization of organophosphorus-based compounds". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1492053.
@article{osti_1492053,
title = {Homopiperazine-based catalysts for neutralization of organophosphorus-based compounds},
author = {Valdez, Carlos and Lau, Edmond Y. and Mayer, Brian P.},
abstractNote = {Novel compositions of matter based on homopiperazine precursor materials and forming a homopiperazine-based ligand are disclosed, along with suitable techniques and materials for the synthesis and utilization thereof. In particular various synthetic schemes and techniques for applying the disclosed compositions of matter as a decontaminating agent. The decontaminating agents include homopiperazine-based ligand-metal complexes that are particularly effective at neutralizing toxicity of nerve agents, pesticides, and other toxic organophosphorus-based compounds. In preferred approaches, the homopiperazine-based ligand-metal complexes act as catalysts to facilitate substitution of a leaving group of the organophosphorus-based compound with a functional group that does not permit the organophosphorus-based compound to inactivate acetylcholinesterase upon introduction of the organophosphorus-based compound to a living organism such as insects and mammals. Advantageously, the catalytic homopiperazine-based ligand-metal complexes are formed using inexpensive, readily-available precursor materials, and may be utilized to neutralize toxins without relying on damaging caustic reactants or environmentally unfriendly organic solvents.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

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