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Title: Electrocatalytic hydrogenation and hydrodeoxygenation of oxygenated and unsaturated organic compounds

A process and related electrode composition are disclosed for the electrocatalytic hydrogenation and/or hydrodeoxygenation of organic substrates such as biomass-derived bio-oil components by the production of hydrogen atoms on a catalyst surface followed by the reaction of the hydrogen atoms with the organic reactants. Biomass fast pyrolysis-derived bio-oil is a liquid mixture containing hundreds of organic compounds with chemical functionalities that are corrosive to container materials and are prone to polymerization. A high surface area skeletal metal catalyst material such as Raney Nickel can be used as the cathode. Electrocatalytic hydrogenation and/or hydrodeoxygenation convert the organic substrates under mild conditions to reduce coke formation and catalyst deactivation. The process converts oxygen-containing functionalities and unsaturated bonds into chemically reduced forms with an increased hydrogen content. The process is operated at mild conditions, which enables it to be a good means for stabilizing bio-oil to a form that can be stored and transported using metal containers and pipes.
Inventors:
; ; ;
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1436515
Assignee:
Board of Trustees of Michigan State University (East Lansing, MI) GFO
Patent Number(s):
9,951,431
Application Number:
14/061,460
Contract Number:
FG36-04GO14216
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2013 Oct 23
Research Org:
Board of Trustees of Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

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