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Title: Nitroxyl-mediated oxidation of lignin and polycarboxylated products

Methods of selectively modifying lignin, polycarboxylated products thereof, and methods of deriving aromatic compounds therefrom. The methods comprise electrochemically oxidizing lignin using stable nitroxyl radicals to selectively oxidize primary hydroxyls on .beta.-O-4 phenylpropanoid units to corresponding carboxylic acids while leaving the secondary hydroxyls unchanged. The oxidation results in polycarboxylated lignin in the form of a polymeric .beta.-hydroxy acid. The polymeric .beta.-hydroxy acid has a high loading of carboxylic acid and can be isolated in acid form, deprotonated, and/or converted to a salt. The .beta.-hydroxy acid, anion, or salt can also be subjected to acidolysis to generate various aromatic monomers or oligomers. The initial oxidation of lignin to the polycarboxylated form renders the lignin more susceptible to acidolysis and thereby enhances the yield of aromatic monomers and oligomers obtained through acidolysis.
Inventors:
;
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1423443
Assignee:
WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH FOUNDATION (Madison, WI) CHO
Patent Number(s):
9,903,028
Application Number:
15/167,053
Contract Number:
FC02-07ER64494
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2016 May 27
Research Org:
Chicago Operations Office, Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

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