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Title: Transgenic plants with enhanced growth characteristics

The invention relates to transgenic plants exhibiting dramatically enhanced growth rates, greater seed and fruit/pod yields, earlier and more productive flowering, more efficient nitrogen utilization, increased tolerance to high salt conditions, and increased biomass yields. In one embodiment, transgenic plants engineered to over-express both glutamine phenylpyruvate transaminase (GPT) and glutamine synthetase (GS) are provided. The GPT+GS double-transgenic plants of the invention consistently exhibit enhanced growth characteristics, with T0 generation lines showing an increase in biomass over wild type counterparts of between 50% and 300%. Generations that result from sexual crosses and/or selfing typically perform even better, with some of the double-transgenic plants achieving an astounding four-fold biomass increase over wild type plants.
Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1416534
Assignee:
Los Alamos National Security, LLC (Los Alamos, NM); University of Maine System Board of Trustees (Bangor, ME) LANL
Patent Number(s):
9,862,964
Application Number:
15/256,721
Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2016 Sep 05
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

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A promoter sequence involved in cell-specific expression of the pea glutamine synthetase GS3A gene in organs of transgenic tobacco and alfalfa
journal, September 1991

The maize GapC4 promoter confers anaerobic reporter gene expression and shows homology to the maize anthocyanin regulatory locus C1
journal, December 1995
  • Kohler, Uwe; Liaud, Marie-Francoise; Mendel, Ralf R.
  • Plant Molecular Biology, Vol. 29, Issue 6, p. 1293-1298
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00020469

Modeling and molecular dynamics of glutamine transaminase K/cysteine conjugate β-lyase
journal, September 2003
  • Venhorst, Jennifer; ter Laak, Antonius M.; Meijer, Moira
  • Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling, Vol. 22, Issue 1, p. 55-70
  • DOI: 10.1016/S1093-3263(03)00136-0

Two Regulatory Genes of the Maize Anthocyanin Pathway Are Homologous: Isolation of B Utilizing R Genomic Sequences
journal, December 1989
  • Chandler, V. L.; Radicella, J. P.; Robbins, T.P
  • THE PLANT CELL ONLINE, Vol. 1, Issue 12, p. 1175-1183
  • DOI: 10.1105/tpc.1.12.1175

Overexpression of a soybean gene encoding cytosolic glutamine synthetase in shoots of transgenic Lotus corniculatus L. plants triggers changes in ammonium assimilation and plant development
journal, April 1997
  • Vincent, Remi; Fraisier, Vincent; Chaillou, Sylvain
  • Planta, Vol. 201, Issue 4, p. 424-433
  • DOI: 10.1007/s004250050085

Synthese von 1.5-Diaza-cyclooctan-dion-(4.8)-dicarbonsäure-(2.6)
journal, April 1954
  • Weygand, Friedrich; Dietrich, Heinz-Jürgen
  • Chemische Berichte, Vol. 87, Issue 4, p. 482-488
  • DOI: 10.1002/cber.19540870408

Maize α-tubulin genes are expressed according to specific patterns of cell differentiation
journal, January 1998
  • Uribe, Xavier; Torres, Miguel Angel; Capellades, Montserrat
  • Plant Molecular Biology, Vol. 37, Issue 6, p. 1069-1078
  • DOI: 10.1023/A:1006067710312

Dual promoter of Agrobacterium tumefaciens mannopine synthase genes is regulated by plant growth hormones
journal, May 1989
  • Langridge, W. H. R.; Fitzgerald, K. J.; Koncz, C.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 86, Issue 9, p. 3219-3223
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.86.9.3219

Improved tools for biological sequence comparison.
journal, April 1988
  • Pearson, W. R.; Lipman, D. J.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 85, Issue 8, p. 2444-2448
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.85.8.2444

Similar records in DOepatents and OSTI.GOV collections: