Global to push GA events into
skip to main content

Title: Methods for producing thin film charge selective transport layers

Methods for producing thin film charge selective transport layers are provided. In one embodiment, a method for forming a thin film charge selective transport layer comprises: providing a precursor solution comprising a metal containing reactive precursor material dissolved into a complexing solvent; depositing the precursor solution onto a surface of a substrate to form a film; and forming a charge selective transport layer on the substrate by annealing the film.
Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1415438
Assignee:
Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Golden, CO); SolarWindow Technologies, Inc. (Columbia, MD) NREL
Patent Number(s):
9,859,515
Application Number:
14/200,315
Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2014 Mar 07
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Works referenced in this record:

Interface modification of ITO thin films: organic photovoltaic cells
journal, December 2003
  • Armstrong, Neal R.; Carter, Chet; Donley, Carrie
  • Thin Solid Films, Vol. 445, Issue 2, p. 342-352
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2003.08.067

Hybrid Solar Cells Using a Zinc Oxide Precursor and a Conjugated Polymer
journal, October 2005
  • Beek, W. J. E.; Slooff, L. H.; Wienk, M. M.
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 15, Issue 10, p. 1703-1707
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.200500201

Mixed metal oxide systems for organic photovoltaics
conference, June 2009

Surface Treatment of NiO Hole Transport Layers for Organic Solar Cells
journal, November 2010
  • Berry, Joseph J.; Widjonarko, N. Edwin; Bailey, Brian A.
  • IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, Vol. 16, Issue 6, p. 1649-1655
  • DOI: 10.1109/JSTQE.2010.2049347

A Low-Bandgap Poly(2,7-Carbazole) Derivative for Use in High-Performance Solar Cells
journal, September 2007
  • Blouin, N.; Michaud, A.; Leclerc, M.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 19, Issue 17, p. 2295-2300
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.200602496

Toward a Rational Design of Poly(2,7-Carbazole) Derivatives for Solar Cells
journal, January 2008
  • Blouin, Nicolas; Michaud, Alexandre; Gendron, David
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 130, Issue 2, p. 732-742
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja0771989

Spectroelectrochemistry of Nanostructured NiO
journal, April 2001
  • Boschloo, Gerrit; Hagfeldt, Anders
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 105, Issue 15, p. 3039-3044
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp003499s

Solution-Processed Organic Solar Cells
journal, July 2008
  • Brabec, Christoph J.; Durrant, James R.
  • MRS Bulletin, Vol. 33, Issue 7, p. 670-675
  • DOI: 10.1557/mrs2008.138

Energy-Level Alignment at Organic/Metal and Organic/Organic Interfaces
journal, April 2009
  • Braun, Slawomir; Salaneck, William R.; Fahlman, Mats
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 21, Issue 14-15, p. 1450-1472
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.200802893

Inkjet Printing for Materials and Devices
journal, October 2001
  • Calvert, Paul
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 13, Issue 10, p. 3299-3305
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm0101632

Preparation of textured alumina films by the sol-gel route
journal, February 1995
  • Campaniello, J.; Berthet, P.; d'Yvoire, F.
  • Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 10, Issue 2, p. 297-301
  • DOI: 10.1557/JMR.1995.0297

Polymer solar cells with enhanced open-circuit voltage and efficiency
journal, November 2009
  • Chen, Hsiang-Yu; Hou, Jianhui; Zhang, Shaoqing
  • Nature Photonics, Vol. 3, Issue 11, p. 649-653
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2009.192

Diamond-like carbon as a buffer layer in polymeric electroluminescent device
journal, July 2005
  • Choi, Sang Hun; Jeong, Soon Moon; Koo, Won Hoe
  • Thin Solid Films, Vol. 483, Issue 1-2, p. 351-357
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2004.12.040

Stability of the interface between indium-tin-oxide and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/poly(styrenesulfonate) in polymer light-emitting diodes
journal, October 2000
  • de Jong, M. P.; van IJzendoorn, L. J.; de Voigt, M. J. A.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 77, Issue 14, p. 2255-2257
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1315344

Study of the interaction of organometallic compounds with electron donors by the PMR method. 2. Complex formation of diethylzinc with tetrahydrofuran, diethyl ether, propylene oxide, and propylene sulfide
journal, December 1975
  • Denisov, V. M.; Kuznetsov, Yu. P.
  • Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR Division of Chemical Science, Vol. 24, Issue 12, p. 2595-2597
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01152854

Piezoelectric Ink-Jet Printing of Horseradish Peroxidase: Effect of Ink Viscosity Modifiers on Activity
journal, September 2007
  • Di Risio, Sabina; Yan, Ning
  • Macromolecular Rapid Communications, Vol. 28, Issue 18–19, p. 1934-1940
  • DOI: 10.1002/marc.200700226

SiOx Gas Barrier Coatings on Polymer Substrates:  Morphology and Gas Transport Considerations
journal, July 1999
  • Erlat, A. G.; Spontak, R. J.; Clarke, R. P.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 103, Issue 29, p. 6047-6055
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp990737e

Surface Chemistry for Atomic Layer Growth
journal, January 1996
  • George, S. M.; Ott, A. W.; Klaus, J. W.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 100, Issue 31, p. 13121-13131
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp9536763

Mechanisms of vapor permeation through multilayer barrier films: Lag time versus equilibrium permeation
journal, August 2004
  • Graff, G. L.; Williford, R. E.; Burrows, P. E.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 96, Issue 4, p. 1840-1849
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1768610

Photoelectron spectroscopy of thin films of PEDOT–PSS conjugated polymer blend: a mini-review and some new results
journal, December 2001
  • Greczynski, G.; Kugler, Th.; Keil, M.
  • Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, Vol. 121, Issue 1-3, p. 1-17
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0368-2048(01)00323-1

High-efficiency hole extraction/electron-blocking layer to replace poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)poly(styrene sulfonate) in bulk-heterojunction polymer solar cells
journal, January 2008
  • Hains, Alexander W.; Marks, Tobin J.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 92, Issue 2, Article No. 023504
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2834697

Efficient photodiodes from interpenetrating polymer networks
journal, August 1995
  • Halls, J. J. M.; Walsh, C. A.; Greenham, N. C.
  • Nature, Vol. 376, Issue 6540, p. 498-500
  • DOI: 10.1038/376498a0

Low-temperature preparation of photocatalytic TiO2 thin films from anatase sols
journal, February 2005

Spectroscopic study on sputtered PEDOT·PSS: Role of surface PSS layer
journal, October 2006

p-Type semiconducting nickel oxide as an efficiency-enhancing anode interfacial layer in polymer bulk-heterojunction solar cells
journal, February 2008
  • Irwin, M. D.; Buchholz, D. B.; Hains, A. W.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 105, Issue 8, p. 2783-2787
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0711990105

Ethylene glycol-mediated synthesis of metal oxide nanowires
journal, January 2004
  • Jiang, Xuchuan; Wang, Yuliang; Herricks, Thurston
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 14, Issue 4, p. 695-703
  • DOI: 10.1039/b313938g

Stability/degradation of polymer solar cells
journal, July 2008
  • Jørgensen, Mikkel; Norrman, Kion; Krebs, Frederik C.
  • Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 92, Issue 7, p. 686-714
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2008.01.005

Degradation of organic solar cells due to air exposure
journal, December 2006
  • Kawano, Kenji; Pacios, Roberto; Poplavskyy, Dmitry
  • Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 90, Issue 20, p. 3520-3530
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2006.06.041

Preparation and characteristics of nickel oxide thin film by controlled growth with sequential surface chemical reactions
journal, January 1996
  • Kumagai, H.; Matsumoto, M.; Toyoda, K.
  • Journal of Materials Science Letters, Vol. 15, Issue 12, p. 1081-1083
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00274914

Optimization of an Electron Transport Layer to Enhance the Power Conversion Efficiency of Flexible Inverted Organic Solar Cells
journal, August 2010
  • Lee, Kang Hyuck; Kumar, Brijesh; Park, Hye-Jeong
  • Nanoscale Research Letters, Vol. 5, Issue 12, p. 1908-1912
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11671-010-9769-9

Structural, optical, and electrical properties of p-type NiO films and composite TiO2/NiO electrodes for solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells
journal, February 2009

Thin-Film Permeation-Barrier Technology for Flexible Organic Light-Emitting Devices
journal, January 2004
  • Lewis, J.S.; Weaver, M.S.
  • IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, Vol. 10, Issue 1, p. 45-57
  • DOI: 10.1109/JSTQE.2004.824072

Powering the planet: Chemical challenges in solar energy utilization
journal, October 2006
  • Lewis, N. S.; Nocera, D. G.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 103, Issue 43, p. 15729-15735
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0603395103

High-efficiency solution processable polymer photovoltaic cells by self-organization of polymer blends
journal, October 2005
  • Li, Gang; Shrotriya, Vishal; Huang, Jinsong
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 4, Issue 11, p. 864-868
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1500

Solution-Processable Graphene Oxide as an Efficient Hole Transport Layer in Polymer Solar Cells
journal, June 2010
  • Li, Shao-Sian; Tu, Kun-Hua; Lin, Chih-Cheng
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 4, Issue 6, p. 3169-3174
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn100551j

High-efficiency inverted polymer solar cells with solution-processed metal oxides
journal, August 2011
  • Lin, Yu-Hong; Yang, Po-Ching; Huang, Jing-Shun
  • Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 95, Issue 8, p. 2511-2515
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2011.05.005

Effect of fabrication process on the microstructure and the efficiency of organic light-emitting diode
journal, May 2009

Influence of the hole-transport layer on the initial behavior and lifetime of inverted organic photovoltaics
journal, May 2011
  • Lloyd, Matthew T.; Peters, Craig H.; Garcia, Andres
  • Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 95, Issue 5, p. 1382-1388
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2010.12.036

Impact of contact evolution on the shelf life of organic solar cells
journal, January 2009
  • Lloyd, Matthew T.; Olson, Dana C.; Lu, Ping
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 19, Issue 41, p. 7638-7642
  • DOI: 10.1039/b910213b

Photoemission study of the poly(3-hexylthiophene)/Au interface
journal, May 2006
  • Lyon, J. E.; Cascio, A. J.; Beerbom, M. M.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 88, Issue 22, Article No. 222109
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2208267

All-inorganic quantum-dot light-emitting devices formed via low-cost, wet-chemical processing
journal, January 2010
  • Mashford, Benjamin S.; Nguyen, Tich-Lam; Wilson, Gerard J.
  • J. Mater. Chem., Vol. 20, Issue 1, p. 167-172
  • DOI: 10.1039/B905256A

Aqueous Inorganic Inks for Low-Temperature Fabrication of ZnO TFTs
journal, December 2008
  • Meyers, Stephen T.; Anderson, Jeremy T.; Hung, Celia M.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 130, Issue 51, p. 17603-17609
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja808243k

The effect of active layer thickness and composition on the performance of bulk-heterojunction solar cells
journal, November 2006
  • Moulé, Adam J.; Bonekamp, Jörg B.; Meerholz, Klaus
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 100, Issue 9, Article No. 094503
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2360780

Semiconductor and electrochromic properties of electrochemically deposited nickel oxide films
journal, September 2004

Electrical properties of p–n contact with oxide semiconductor thin films fabricated by liquid phase method
journal, June 1998
  • Ohya, Yutaka; Koyama, Hiroki; Ban, Takayuki
  • Materials Science and Engineering: B, Vol. 54, Issue 1-2, p. 55-59
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0921-5107(98)00127-5

Hybrid Polymer Solar Cells from Zinc Oxide and Poly(3-hexylselenophene)
journal, September 2011
  • Oosterhout, Stefan D.; Wienk, Martijn M.; Al-Hashimi, Mohammed
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 115, Issue 38, p. 18901-18908
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp206005q

Bulk heterojunction solar cells with internal quantum efficiency approaching 100%
journal, April 2009
  • Park, Sung Heum; Roy, Anshuman; Beaupré, Serge
  • Nature Photonics, Vol. 3, Issue 5, p. 297-302
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2009.69

Modeling photocurrent action spectra of photovoltaic devices based on organic thin films
journal, July 1999
  • Pettersson, Leif A. A.; Roman, Lucimara S.; Inganäs, Olle
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 86, Issue 1, p. 487-496
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.370757

Origin of the open-circuit voltage in multilayer heterojunction organic solar cells
journal, November 2008
  • Potscavage, W. J.; Yoo, S.; Kippelen, B.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 93, Issue 19, Article No. 193308
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3027061

Polymer diodes with high rectification
journal, November 1999
  • Roman, L. S.; Berggren, M.; Inganäs, O.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 75, Issue 22, p. 3557-3559
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.125387

Properties of zinc oxide films prepared by the oxidation of diethyl zinc
journal, November 1981
  • Roth, A. P.; Williams, D. F.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 52, Issue 11, p. 6685-6692
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.328618

Photoinduced Electron Transfer from a Conducting Polymer to Buckminsterfullerene
journal, November 1992

Design Rules for Donors in Bulk-Heterojunction Solar Cells—Towards 10 % Energy-Conversion Efficiency
journal, March 2006
  • Scharber, M. C.; Mühlbacher, D.; Koppe, M.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 18, Issue 6, p. 789-794
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.200501717

2.5% efficient organic plastic solar cells
journal, February 2001
  • Shaheen, Sean E.; Brabec, Christoph J.; Sariciftci, N. Serdar
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 78, Issue 6, p. 841-843
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1345834

Fabrication of bulk heterojunction plastic solar cells by screen printing
journal, October 2001
  • Shaheen, Sean E.; Radspinner, Rachel; Peyghambarian, Nasser
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 79, Issue 18, p. 2996-2998
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1413501

Organic-Based Photovoltaics: Toward Low-Cost Power Generation
journal, January 2005
  • Shaheen, Sean E.; Ginley, David S.; Jabbour, Ghassan E.
  • MRS Bulletin, Vol. 30, Issue 1, p. 10-19
  • DOI: 10.1557/mrs2005.2

Influence of the Relative Humidity on the Performance of Polymer/TiO2 Photovoltaic Cells
journal, April 2005
  • Slooff, L. H.; Kroon, J. M.; Loos, J.
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 15, Issue 4, p. 689-694
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.200400311

Solution deposited NiO thin-films as hole transport layers in organic photovoltaics
journal, August 2010
  • Steirer, K. Xerxes; Chesin, Jordan P.; Widjonarko, N. Edwin
  • Organic Electronics, Vol. 11, Issue 8, p. 1414-1418
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.orgel.2010.05.008

Enhanced Efficiency in Plastic Solar Cells via Energy Matched Solution Processed NiOx Interlayers
journal, July 2011
  • Steirer, K. Xerxes; Ndione, Paul F.; Widjonarko, N. Edwin
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 1, Issue 5, p. 813-820
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201100234

Ultrasonically sprayed and inkjet printed thin film electrodes for organic solar cells
journal, February 2009
  • Steirer, K. Xerxes; Berry, Joseph J.; Reese, Matthew O.
  • Thin Solid Films, Vol. 517, Issue 8, p. 2781-2786
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2008.10.124

Fermi-level pinning at conjugated polymer interfaces
journal, January 2006
  • Tengstedt, Carl; Osikowicz, Wojciech; Salaneck, William R.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 88, Issue 5, Article No. 053502
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2168515

Preparation and characterization of Eosin B- and Erythrosin J-sensitized nanostructured NiO thin film photocathodes
journal, November 2005

Thermal degradation mechanisms of PEDOTPSS
journal, February 2009

Physics of organic bulk heterojunction devices for photovoltaic applications
journal, May 2006
  • Waldauf, Christoph; Scharber, Marcus C.; Schilinsky, Pavel
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 99, Issue 10, Article No. 104503
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2198930

Influence of PEDOT:PSS buffer layer on the performance of organic photocoupler
journal, May 2009
  • Wang, Zhong-qiang; Wu, Xiao-ming; Jing, Na
  • Optoelectronics Letters, Vol. 5, Issue 3, p. 173-176
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11801-009-9031-9

Organic light-emitting devices with extended operating lifetimes on plastic substrates
journal, October 2002
  • Weaver, M. S.; Michalski, L. A.; Rajan, K.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 81, Issue 16, p. 2929-2931
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1514831

Assembly of conducting polymer/ metal oxide multilayer in one step
journal, June 1999

Polymer Photovoltaic Cells: Enhanced Efficiencies via a Network of Internal Donor-Acceptor Heterojunctions
journal, December 1995

Pentacene Thin-Film Transistor with NiOx as a Source/Drain Electrode Deposited with Sputtering
journal, January 2008
  • Yun, Dong-Jin; Rhee, Shi-Woo
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 155, Issue 11, p. H899-H902
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2977966

Sol–gel deposited nickel oxide films for electrochromic applications
journal, February 2008
  • Ozkan Zayim, E.; Turhan, I.; Tepehan, F.Z.
  • Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 92, Issue 2, p. 164-169
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2007.03.034

Energy level alignment and morphology of interfaces between molecular and polymeric organic semiconductors
journal, October 2007