skip to main content
DOE Patents title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Electrocatalytic process for carbon dioxide conversion

Abstract

An electrocatalytic process for carbon dioxide conversion includes combining a Catalytically Active Element and a Helper Polymer in the presence of carbon dioxide, allowing a reaction to proceed to produce a reaction product, and applying electrical energy to said reaction to achieve electrochemical conversion of said carbon dioxide reactant to said reaction product. The Catalytically Active Element can be a metal in the form of supported or unsupported particles or flakes with an average size between 0.6 nm and 100 nm. The reaction products comprise at least one of CO, HCO.sup.-, H.sub.2CO, (HCO.sub.2).sup.-, H.sub.2CO.sub.2, CH.sub.3OH, CH.sub.4, C.sub.2H.sub.4, CH.sub.3CH.sub.2OH, CH.sub.3COO.sup.-, CH.sub.3COOH, C.sub.2H.sub.6, (COOH).sub.2, (COO.sup.-).sub.2, and CF.sub.3COOH.

Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Dioxide Materials, Inc., Boca Raton, FL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1409024
Patent Number(s):
9815021
Application Number:
15/400,712
Assignee:
Dioxide Materials, Inc. (Boca Raton, FL)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B01 - PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL B01D - SEPARATION
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B01 - PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL B01J - CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0004453; AR0000345; AR000068
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2017 Jan 06
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Masel, Richard I., Salehi-Khojin, Amin, and Kutz, Robert. Electrocatalytic process for carbon dioxide conversion. United States: N. p., 2017. Web.
Masel, Richard I., Salehi-Khojin, Amin, & Kutz, Robert. Electrocatalytic process for carbon dioxide conversion. United States.
Masel, Richard I., Salehi-Khojin, Amin, and Kutz, Robert. Tue . "Electrocatalytic process for carbon dioxide conversion". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1409024.
@article{osti_1409024,
title = {Electrocatalytic process for carbon dioxide conversion},
author = {Masel, Richard I. and Salehi-Khojin, Amin and Kutz, Robert},
abstractNote = {An electrocatalytic process for carbon dioxide conversion includes combining a Catalytically Active Element and a Helper Polymer in the presence of carbon dioxide, allowing a reaction to proceed to produce a reaction product, and applying electrical energy to said reaction to achieve electrochemical conversion of said carbon dioxide reactant to said reaction product. The Catalytically Active Element can be a metal in the form of supported or unsupported particles or flakes with an average size between 0.6 nm and 100 nm. The reaction products comprise at least one of CO, HCO.sup.-, H.sub.2CO, (HCO.sub.2).sup.-, H.sub.2CO.sub.2, CH.sub.3OH, CH.sub.4, C.sub.2H.sub.4, CH.sub.3CH.sub.2OH, CH.sub.3COO.sup.-, CH.sub.3COOH, C.sub.2H.sub.6, (COOH).sub.2, (COO.sup.-).sub.2, and CF.sub.3COOH.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

Patent:

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide on Various Metal Electrodes in Low-Temperature Aqueous KHCO3 Media
journal, January 1990


Reduction of carbon dioxide in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate
journal, January 2009


Electrocatalysis of CO2 reduction by ruthenium benzothiazole and bithiazole complexes
journal, October 2007


Investigation of proton dynamics and the proton transport pathway in choline dihydrogen phosphate using solid-state NMR
journal, January 2010


Role of surface defect sites: from Pt model surfaces to shape-controlled nanoparticles
journal, January 2012


Model approach to evaluate particle size effects in electrocatalysis: preparation and properties of Pt nanoparticles supported on GC and HOPG
journal, November 2003


Electrocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide by a polymeric film of rhenium tricarbonyl dipyridylamine
journal, August 2009


Fixation of CO2 by Electrocatalytic Reduction and Electropolymerization in Ionic Liquid–H2O Solution
journal, March 2008


Development and Commercialization of the Monsanto Electrochemical Adiponitrile Process
journal, January 1984


Commercially Available Salts as Building Blocks for New Ionic Liquids
book, August 2003


Design of an Electrochemical Cell Making Syngas  (CO + H2)  from CO2 and H2O Reduction at Room Temperature
journal, January 2008


Linked strategy for the production of fuels via formose reaction
journal, February 2013


Activation of carbon dioxide: nickel-catalyzed electrochemical carboxylation of diynes
journal, April 1993


The electrochemical reduction of CO2 to CH4 and C2H4 at Cu/Nafion electrodes (solid polymer electrolyte structures)
journal, January 1988


Influence of substituted benzaldehydes and their derivatives as inhibitors for hydrogen evolution in lead/acid batteries
journal, February 1995


Influence of adsorption processes on the CO2 electroreduction: An electrochemical mass spectrometry study
journal, August 2005


Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide catalyzed by [Pd(triphosphine)(solvent)](BF4)2 complexes: synthetic and mechanistic studies
journal, November 1991


Improved yields of oxalate, glyoxylate and glycolate from the electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide in methanol
journal, January 1997


Voltammetry of carbon dioxide: Part I. A general survey of voltammetry at different electrode materials in different solvents
journal, June 1983


The effect of quaternary ammonium salts on the anodic oxidation of ethanol
journal, February 1985


High performance RuPd catalysts for CO2 reduction at gas-diffusion electrodes
journal, June 1997


Electrochemical reduction of CO2 to hydrocarbons to store renewable electrical energy and upgrade biogas
journal, April 2007


Electrochemical decomposition of choline chloride based ionic liquid analogues
journal, January 2009


Electrochemical evidence of intermediate formation of adsorbed CO in cathodic reduction of CO2 at a nickel electrode
journal, November 1990


Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide at a series of platinum single crystal electrodes
journal, August 2000


Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide on kinked stepped surfaces of platinum inside the stereographic triangle
journal, January 2003


Electrochemical reduction of CO2 on single crystal electrodes of silver Ag(111), Ag(100) and Ag(110)
journal, December 1997


Two routes to formaldehyde from formic acid on TiO2(001) surfaces
journal, March 1996


Electrochemical Reduction Of Carbon Dioxide Using Gas Diffusion Electrodes Loaded With Fine Catalysts
conference, January 2009


Selective Formation of Formic Acid, Oxalic Acid, and Carbon Monoxide by Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide
journal, July 1987


Solvent-free synthesis of substituted ureas from CO2 and amines with a functional ionic liquid as the catalyst
journal, January 2008


Particle size effect for oxygen reduction and methanol oxidation on Pt/C inside a proton exchange membrane
journal, August 1994


Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide to ethylene with high Faradaic efficiency at a Cu electrode in CsOH/methanol
journal, September 1999


Electrochemical reduction of CO2 in copper particle-suspended methanol
journal, June 2006


Electrochemical Reduction of CO2 to Methane at the Cu Electrode in Methanol with Sodium Supporting Salts and Its Comparison with Other Alkaline Salts
journal, January 2006


Photoelectrochemical reduction of CO2 at p-InP electrode in copper particle-suspended methanol
journal, May 2009


Isolation of Nucleic Acids Using Silica-Gel Based Membranes: Methods Based on the Use of QIAamp Spin Columns
book, January 1997


Dependence of CO oxidation on Pt nanoparticle shape: a shape-selective approach to the synthesis of PEMFC catalysts
journal, January 2008


Palladium-Catalyzed Reppe Carbonylation
journal, November 2001


Reduction of CO2 under high pressure and high temperature on Pb-granule electrodes in a fixed-bed reactor in aqueous medium
journal, October 2004


Studies on Suppression of Hydrogen Evolution Reaction for Zinc/Air Fuel Cell
journal, March 2007


Development of a continuous reactor for the electro-reduction of carbon dioxide to formate – Part 1: Process variables
journal, August 2006


Development of a continuous reactor for the electro-reduction of carbon dioxide to formate – Part 2: Scale-up
journal, July 2007


Observation of surface structural changes of Pt octahedron nanoparticles and its effect in electrocatalysis oxidation of methanol
journal, March 2009


CO electrooxidation on carbon supported platinum nanoparticles: Effect of aggregation
journal, June 2010


Comparative EQCM study on electrooxidation of carbon oxides adsorption products on noble metals and their alloys. Polycrystalline Pd-based systems
journal, August 2007


Electrosorption of carbon dioxide on platinum group metals and alloys—a review
journal, July 2008


Lutetium Monophthalocyanine and Diphthalocyanine Complexes and Lithium Naphthalocyanine as Catalysts for Electrochemical CO2 Reduction
journal, January 2003


Influence of particle agglomeration on the catalytic activity of carbon-supported Pt nanoparticles in CO monolayer oxidation
journal, January 2005


Size effects on reactivity of Pt nanoparticles in CO monolayer oxidation: The role of surface mobility
journal, January 2004


Work functions of metal clusters
journal, December 1994


CO2 attraction by specifically adsorbed anions and subsequent accelerated electrochemical reduction
journal, December 2010


Selective formation of ethylene from CO2 by catalytic electrolysis at a three-phase interface
journal, December 2004


Electrochemical reduction of CO2 in methanol with aid of CuO and Cu2O
journal, November 2009


The Electrochemical Reduction of Hydrogen Sulfide on Platinum in Several Room Temperature Ionic Liquids
journal, April 2008


The Catalytic Combination of Ethylene and Hydrogen in the Presence of Metallic Copper III. Carbon Monoxide as a Catalyst Poison
journal, May 1925


In situ FT-IR and ex situ EPR analysis for the study of the electroreduction of carbon dioxide in N,N-dimethylformamide on a gold interface
journal, April 2005


Particle size effect for ethanol electro-oxidation on Pt/C catalysts in half-cell and in a single direct ethanol fuel cell
journal, May 2011


Thick-Film Carbon Dioxide Sensor via Anodic Adsorbate Stripping Technique and Its Structural Dependence
journal, September 2009


Reduction of carbon dioxide on ruthenium oxide and modified ruthenium oxide electrodes in 0.5 M NaHCO3
journal, January 1997


Electrochemical reduction of CO2 on RuO2/TiO2 nanotubes composite modified Pt electrode
journal, May 2005


Development of Molecular Electrocatalysts for CO2 Reduction and H2 Production/Oxidation
journal, December 2009


A Supramolecular Cobalt–Porphyrin-modified Electrode, toward the Electroreduction of Co2
journal, February 2004


Effects of tetrabutylammonium hydrogen sulfate as an electrolyte additive on the electrochemical behavior of lead acid battery
journal, April 2008


Application of ionic liquids as an electrolyte additive on the electrochemical behavior of lead acid battery
journal, February 2009


Specific surface reactions for identification of platinum surface domains
journal, August 2005


Electrochemical Reduction of Liquid CO2: Drastic Enhancement of Current Density
journal, January 1994


The electrooxidation of small organic molecules on platinum nanoparticles supported on gold: influence of platinum deposition procedure
journal, June 2007


A new homogeneous electrocatalyst for the reduction of carbon dioxide to methanol at low overpotential
journal, July 1994


Electrochemical Reduction of Benzoic Acid and Substituted Benzoic Acids in Some Room Temperature Ionic Liquids
journal, August 2008


Effect of surface order on adsorption of sulfate ions on silver electrodes
journal, January 1998


Interaction of sulfate ions with monocrystalline silver electrodes
journal, March 1998


CO monolayer oxidation on semi-spherical and preferentially oriented (100) and (111) platinum nanoparticles
journal, January 2006


Shape-dependent electrocatalysis: methanol and formic acid electrooxidation on preferentially oriented Pt nanoparticles
journal, January 2008

  • Solla-Gullón, J.; Vidal-Iglesias, F. J.; López-Cudero, A.
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 10, Issue 25, p. 3689-3698
  • https://doi.org/10.1039/b802703j

Nanoelectronic Carbon Dioxide Sensors
journal, October 2004


Electrochemical membrane reactor for the reduction of carbondioxide to formate
journal, November 2006


Hydroxyl-functionalized ionic liquid: a novel efficient catalyst for chemical fixation of CO2 to cyclic carbonate
journal, May 2008


Structure of Chemisorbed Sulfur on a Pt(111) Electrode
journal, January 1997


Electrochemical reduction of CO2 at copper single crystal Cu(S)-[n(111)×(111)] and Cu(S)-[n(110)×(100)] electrodes
journal, September 2002


Direct Electrodeposition of Tetrahexahedral Pd Nanocrystals with High-Index Facets and High Catalytic Activity for Ethanol Electrooxidation
journal, June 2010


Platinum Metal Catalysts of High-Index Surfaces: From Single-Crystal Planes to Electrochemically Shape-Controlled Nanoparticles
journal, November 2008


The electrolytic reduction of carbon dioxide to formic acid
journal, September 1971


Some Reactions of Atomic Hydrogen
journal, November 1929


Formose sugars from formaldehyde
journal, September 1981


A Robust Ionic Liquid as Reaction Medium and Efficient Organocatalyst for Carbon Dioxide Fixation
journal, February 2008


Adsorption of CO2 on the Rutile (110) Surface in Ionic Liquid. A Molecular Dynamics Simulation
journal, October 2009


Electrodeposition of tin and antimony in 1-ethyl- 3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ionic liquid
journal, December 2007


Electrochemical activation of carbon dioxide in ionic liquid: synthesis of cyclic carbonates at mild reaction conditions
journal, January 2002


Particle-size effect of nanoscale platinum catalysts in oxygen reduction reaction: an electrochemical and 195Pt EC-NMR study
journal, January 2006


Selective ethylene formation by pulse-mode electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide using copper and copper-oxide electrodes
journal, July 2006


A new class of proton-conducting ionic plastic crystals based on organic cations and dihydrogen phosphate
journal, May 2007


Carboxylation of Terminal Alkynes with Carbon Dioxide Catalyzed by Poly(N-Heterocyclic Carbene)-Supported Silver Nanoparticles
journal, April 2012


Electrochemical activation of carbon dioxide for synthesis of dimethyl carbonate in an ionic liquid
journal, April 2009


Hydrogenation of Carbon Dioxide is Promoted by a Task-Specific Ionic Liquid
journal, January 2008


Chiral ionic liquids improved the asymmetric cycloaddition of CO2 to epoxides
journal, January 2009


Hydrogenation of CO2 to Formic Acid Promoted by a Diamine-Functionalized Ionic Liquid
journal, March 2009


Electrochemical reduction of supercritical carbon dioxide in ionic liquid 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate
journal, December 2004


Monolayers of choline chloride can enhance desired electrochemical reactions and inhibit undesirable ones
journal, April 2013