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Title: Battery management systems with thermally integrated fire suppression

A thermal management system is integral to a battery pack and/or individual cells. It relies on passive liquid-vapor phase change heat removal to provide enhanced thermal protection via rapid expulsion of inert high pressure refrigerant during abnormal abuse events and can be integrated with a cooling system that operates during normal operation. When a thermal runaway event occurs and sensed by either active or passive sensors, the high pressure refrigerant is preferentially ejected through strategically placed passages within the pack to rapidly quench the battery.
Inventors:
;
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1369067
Assignee:
Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC LLNL
Patent Number(s):
9,704,384
Application Number:
13/786,163
Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2013 Mar 05
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Other works cited in this record:

High temperature storage battery
patent, March 1997

Battery container, battery and layer-built battery
patent, March 2000

Battery cooling system
patent, August 2000

Battery pack safety and thermal management apparatus and method
patent, December 2011

Monoblock battery assembly with cross-flow cooling
patent-application, December 2003

Remote battery monitoring systems and sensors
patent-application, February 2005

Battery module
patent-application, September 2006

Apparatus For Cooling Of Electrical Elements
patent-application, March 2009

Battery module
patent-application, May 2009

Electric power source used with vehicles
patent-application, October 2009

Cooling System For A Battery System And A Method For Cooling The Battery System
patent-application, November 2010

Sensor In Battery
patent-application, January 2011

Battery Module
patent-application, March 2012

Differential Current Monitoring For Parallel-Connected Batteries
patent-application, July 2012

Method And Device For Cooling An Electrochemical Energy Store
patent-application, September 2012

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