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Title: Palladium and platinum-based nanoparticle functional sensor layers for selective H2 sensing

Abstract

The disclosure relates to a plasmon resonance-based method for H.sub.2 sensing in a gas stream utilizing a hydrogen sensing material. The hydrogen sensing material is comprises Pd-based or Pt-based nanoparticles having an average nanoparticle diameter of less than about 100 nanometers dispersed in an inert matrix having a bandgap greater than or equal to 5 eV, and an oxygen ion conductivity less than approximately 10.sup.-7 S/cm at a temperature of 700.degree. C. Exemplary inert matrix materials include SiO.sub.2, Al.sub.2O.sub.3, and Si.sub.3N.sub.4 as well as modifications to modify the effective refractive indices through combinations and/or doping of such materials. The hydrogen sensing material utilized in the method of this disclosure may be prepared using means known in the art for the production of nanoparticles dispersed within a supporting matrix including sol-gel based wet chemistry techniques, impregnation techniques, implantation techniques, sputtering techniques, and others.

Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1368200
Patent Number(s):
9,696,256
Application Number:
14/887,660
Assignee:
U.S. Department of Energy
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2015 Oct 20
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Ohodnicki, Jr., Paul R., Baltrus, John P., and Brown, Thomas D. Palladium and platinum-based nanoparticle functional sensor layers for selective H2 sensing. United States: N. p., 2017. Web.
Ohodnicki, Jr., Paul R., Baltrus, John P., & Brown, Thomas D. Palladium and platinum-based nanoparticle functional sensor layers for selective H2 sensing. United States.
Ohodnicki, Jr., Paul R., Baltrus, John P., and Brown, Thomas D. Tue . "Palladium and platinum-based nanoparticle functional sensor layers for selective H2 sensing". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1368200.
@article{osti_1368200,
title = {Palladium and platinum-based nanoparticle functional sensor layers for selective H2 sensing},
author = {Ohodnicki, Jr., Paul R. and Baltrus, John P. and Brown, Thomas D.},
abstractNote = {The disclosure relates to a plasmon resonance-based method for H.sub.2 sensing in a gas stream utilizing a hydrogen sensing material. The hydrogen sensing material is comprises Pd-based or Pt-based nanoparticles having an average nanoparticle diameter of less than about 100 nanometers dispersed in an inert matrix having a bandgap greater than or equal to 5 eV, and an oxygen ion conductivity less than approximately 10.sup.-7 S/cm at a temperature of 700.degree. C. Exemplary inert matrix materials include SiO.sub.2, Al.sub.2O.sub.3, and Si.sub.3N.sub.4 as well as modifications to modify the effective refractive indices through combinations and/or doping of such materials. The hydrogen sensing material utilized in the method of this disclosure may be prepared using means known in the art for the production of nanoparticles dispersed within a supporting matrix including sol-gel based wet chemistry techniques, impregnation techniques, implantation techniques, sputtering techniques, and others.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {7}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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