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Title: Co-solvents with high coulombic efficiency in propylene carbonate based electrolytes

A homologous series of cyclic carbonate or propylene carbonate (PC) analogue solvents with increasing length of linear alkyl substitutes were synthesized and used as co-solvents with PC for graphite based lithium ion half cells. A graphite anode reaches a capacity around 310 mAh/g in PC and its analogue co-solvents with 99.95% Coulombic efficiency. Cyclic carbonate co-solvents with longer alkyl chains are able to prevent exfoliation of graphite when used as co-solvents with PC. The cyclic carbonate co-solvents of PC compete for solvation of Li ion with PC solvent, delaying PC co-intercalation. Reduction products of PC on graphite surfaces via single-electron path form a stable Solid Electrolyte Interphase (SEI), which allows the reversible cycling of graphite.
Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1366476
Assignee:
The Regents of The University of California LBNL
Patent Number(s):
9,692,086
Application Number:
14/506,158
Contract Number:
ACO2-05CH11231
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2014 Oct 03
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Other works cited in this record:

Carbonaceous electrode and compatible electrolyte solvent
patent, January 1998

Polymer electrolyte and method for preparing same
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Lithium secondary battery, its electrolyte, and electric apparatus using the same
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Rechargeable Lithium Air Battery Cell Having Electrolyte with Alkylene Additive
patent-application, October 2010

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