Global to push GA events into
skip to main content

Title: Aqueous lithium air batteries

Aqueous Li/Air secondary battery cells are configurable to achieve high energy density and prolonged cycle life. The cells include a protected a lithium metal or alloy anode and an aqueous catholyte in a cathode compartment. The aqueous catholyte comprises an evaporative-loss resistant and/or polyprotic active compound or active agent that partakes in the discharge reaction and effectuates cathode capacity for discharge in the acidic region. This leads to improved performance including one or more of increased specific energy, improved stability on open circuit, and prolonged cycle life, as well as various methods, including a method of operating an aqueous Li/Air cell to simultaneously achieve improved energy density and prolonged cycle life.
Inventors:
; ; ; ;
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1358221
Assignee:
POLYPLUS BATTERY COMPANY ARPA-E
Patent Number(s):
9,660,311
Application Number:
13/588,911
Contract Number:
AR0000061
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2012 Aug 17
Research Org:
POLYPLUS BATTERY COMPANY, Berkeley, CA ( United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Other works cited in this record:

Thermoelectric Device and Method of Manufacture
patent, September 1970

BATTERY CELL
patent, September 1971

GENERATION OF DC VOLTAGE
patent, October 1971

FUEL CELL
patent, December 1971

Reinforced Microporous Film
patent, July 1972

Primary Sodium-Water Battery
patent, November 1972

Air-Depolarized Cells Utilizing a Cyanate-or-Thiocynate-Containing Electrolyte
patent, January 1974

Negative electrode for solid electrolyte cells
patent, October 1975

Process for producing porous products
patent, April 1976

Electrolyte compositions
patent, August 1976

Cell comprising an alkali metal and aqueous electrolyte
patent, February 1977

Sealed lithium electrochemical cell with sodium beta-alumina electrolyte
patent, May 1978

Process for producing permeable membranes
patent, July 1978

Means for improving contact between Li and the anode current collector
patent, July 1979

Electrochemically stable cathode
patent, July 1979

Porous products and process therefor
patent, February 1980

Sealed lithium-type electrochemical cell
patent, July 1980

Treatment of lithium anodes
patent, September 1983

Molten salt lithium cells
patent, September 1983

Parasitic corrosion resistant anode for use in metal/air or metal/O.sub.2 cells
patent, November 1983

Moisture-permeable waterproof coated fabric and method of making the same
patent, January 1984

Lithium peroxide primary element
patent, March 1985

Microporous sheet material, method of making and articles made therewith
patent, September 1985

Microporous materials incorporating a nucleating agent and methods for making same
patent, February 1988

Metal-sulfur type cell having improved positive electrode
patent, May 1989

Continuous consumable anode
patent, April 1990

Lithium/organosulfur redox cell having protective solid electrolyte barrier formed on anode and method of making same
patent, April 1990

Composite coating for electrochemical electrode and method
patent, January 1991

Lithium ion-conductive solid electrolyte containing lithium titanium phosphate
patent, January 1991

Separator material for electrochemical cells
patent, March 1991

High temperature rechargeable molten salt battery
patent, July 1991

Use of amorphous carbon to promote adhesion between electroactive polymer films and conductive substrates
patent, March 1992

Electrolyte compositions and methods
patent, April 1992

Cell for making secondary batteries
patent, November 1992

Process for forming an argentic oxide containing bipolar electrode and product produced thereby and deferred actuated battery assembly employing same
patent, November 1992

Method and electrode for electrochemical recovery of lithium value from aqueous solution
patent, March 1993

Alkali metal carbon dioxide electrochemical system for energy storage and/or conversion of carbon dioxide to oxygen
patent, May 1993

Protective lithium ion conducting ceramic coating for lithium metal anodes and associate method
patent, May 1994

Membrane-electrode structure for electrochemical cells
patent, August 1994

Thin film battery and method for making same
patent, August 1994

Lakyer for stabilization of lithium anode
patent, August 1994

Electrodes for rechargeable lithium batteries
patent, February 1995

Inactive electrochemical cell having an ionically nonconductive polymeric composition activated by electrolyte salt solution
patent, April 1995

Lithium-water battery
patent, June 1995

Electra-optical device including a nitrogen containing electrolyte
patent, October 1995

Non-aqueous safe secondary cell
patent, April 1996

Solid polymer electrolyte-based oxygen batteries
patent, April 1996

Method of making an electrolyte for an electrochemical cell
patent, April 1996

Secondary cell using organosulfur/metal charge transfer materials as positive electrode
patent, May 1996

Rechargeable positive electrode
patent, June 1996

Alkali metal battery
patent, June 1996

Rechargeable positive electrode
patent, July 1996

Method for making an electrochemical cell
patent, October 1996

Rechargeable lithium battery for use in applications requiring a low to high power output
patent, October 1996

Methods of fabricating rechargeable positive electrodes
patent, December 1996

Electrolyte for an electrochemical cell
patent, January 1997

Rechargeable lithium battery for use in applications requiring a low to high power output
patent, March 1997

Stabilized anode for lithium-polymer batteries
patent, July 1997

Metal-air battery with improved air supply
patent, July 1997

Metal-air battery
patent, September 1997

Rechargeable positive electrodes
patent, November 1997

Solid multi-component membranes, electrochemical reactor components, electrochemical reactors and use of membranes, reactor components, and reactor for oxidation reactions
patent, December 1997

Sound and heat insulation having little odor
patent, December 1997

Lithium ion conductive glass-ceramics
patent, December 1997

Rechargeable positive electrodes
patent, August 1998

Rechargeable positive electrodes
patent, September 1998

Overcharge protection systems for rechargeable batteries
patent, March 1999

Stabilized anode for lithium-polymer batteries
patent, October 1999

Methods and reagents for enhancing the cycling efficiency of lithium polymer batteries
patent, January 2000

Protective coatings for negative electrodes
patent, February 2000

Liquid electrolyte lithium-sulfur batteries
patent, February 2000

Lithium ion conductive glass-ceramics and electric cells and gas sensors using the same
patent, February 2000

Glass-polymer composite electrolyte and a method of preparing the same
patent, May 2000

Organic phosphate additives for nonaqueous electrolyte in alkali metal electrochemical cells
patent, May 2000

Phosphonate additives for nonaqueous electrolyte in alkali metal electrochemical cells
patent, August 2000

Method of preparing electrodes having evenly distributed component mixtures
patent, August 2000

Solid polymer battery electrolyte and reactive metal-water battery
patent, November 2000

Methods and reagents for enhancing the cycling efficiency of lithium polymer batteries
patent, December 2000

Protective coating for separators for electrochemical cells
patent, February 2001

Electrochemical timer
patent, March 2001

Phosphonate additives for nonaqueous electrolyte in rechargeable cells
patent, March 2001

High capacity/high discharge rate rechargeable positive electrode
patent, March 2001

Phosphate additives for nonaqueous electrolyte rechargeable electrochemical cells
patent, March 2001

Mixed ionic electronic conductor coatings for redox electrodes
patent, April 2001

Method for forming encapsulated lithium electrodes having glass protective layers
patent, April 2001

Electrolytic purification of contaminated waters by using oxygen diffusion cathodes
patent, May 2001

Dioxolane as a proctector for lithium electrodes
patent, May 2001

Magnesium solution phase catholyte seawater electrochemical system
patent, May 2001

Solid electrolyte composite for electrochemical reaction apparatus
patent, June 2001

Overcharge protection systems for rechargeable batteries
patent, June 2001

Method for reducing voltage delay in alkali metal electrochemical cells activated with a nonaqueous electrolyte having a phosphate additive
patent, August 2001

Anodization of magnesium and magnesium based alloys
patent, August 2001

Refuelable electrochemical power source capable of being maintained in a substantially constant full condition and method of using the same
patent, October 2001

Electric cells and gas sensors using alkali ion conductive glass ceramic
patent, November 2001

Liquid electrolyte lithium-sulfur batteries
patent, March 2002

Solid gel membrane separator in rechargeable electrochemical cells
patent, March 2002

Rechargeable positive electrodes
patent, April 2002

Secondary battery
patent, May 2002

Plating metal negative electrodes under protective coatings
patent, June 2002

Encapsulated lithium alloy electrodes having barrier layers
patent, July 2002

Layered arrangements of lithium electrodes
patent, July 2002

Method for forming encapsulated lithium electrodes having glass protective layers
patent, August 2002

Glass-ceramic composite electrolyte and lithium secondary cell
patent, November 2002

Lithium ion conductive glass-ceramics and electric cells and gas sensors using the same
patent, November 2002

Lithium secondary battery
patent, December 2002

Phosphonate additives for nonaqueous electrolyte in rechargeable electrochemical cells
patent, December 2002

Electrochemical cell having an electrode with a phosphate additive in the electrode active mixture
patent, January 2003

Electrochemical cell having an electrode with a phosphonate additive in the electrode active mixture
patent, March 2003

Coated lithium electrodes
patent, March 2003

Stabilized vanadium electrolyte solutions for all-vanadium redox cells and batteries
patent, May 2003

Electrolytes with strong oxidizing additives for lithium/sulfur batteries
patent, October 2003

Plating metal negative electrodes under protective coatings
patent, April 2004

Encapsulated lithium alloy electrodes having barrier layers
patent, May 2004

Fluid conduction utilizing a reversible unsaturated siphon with tubarc porosity action
patent, July 2004

Method for electrochemically producing an alkali metal from an aqueous solution
patent, August 2004

Lithium anodes for electrochemical cells
patent, September 2004

Method for forming lithium metal anode protective layer for lithium battery and lithium battery having such protective layer
patent, December 2004

Chemical protection of a lithium surface
patent, June 2005

Coated lithium electrodes
patent, October 2005

Encapsulated alloy electrodes
patent, January 2006

Electrochemical device separator structures with barrier layer on non-swelling membrane
patent, July 2006

Lithium/air batteries with LiPON as separator and protective barrier and method
patent, May 2007

Alkali ion conductive glass-ceramics and electric cells and gas sensors using the same
patent, May 2007

Lithium anodes for electrochemical cells
patent, July 2007

Protected active metal electrode and battery cell structures with non-aqueous interlayer architecture
patent, October 2007

Ionically conductive composites for protection of active metal anodes
patent, October 2007

Ionically conductive composites for protection of active metal anodes
patent, October 2007

Lithium/air batteries with LiPON as separator and protective barrier and method
patent, March 2008

Ionically conductive membranes for protection of active metal anodes and battery cells
patent, June 2008

Compositions and methods for protection of active metal anodes and polymer electrolytes
patent, October 2008

Active metal fuel cells
patent, February 2009

Active metal electrolyzer
patent, October 2009

Active metal/aqueous electrochemical cells and systems
patent, January 2010

Active metal/aqueous electrochemical cells and systems
patent, February 2010

Protected active metal electrode and battery cell structures with non-aqueous interlayer architecture
patent, November 2010

Chemically stable solid lithium ion conductor
patent, March 2011

Active metal / aqueous electrochemical cells and systems
patent, November 2011

Composite solid electrolyte for protection of active metal anodes
patent, May 2012

Catholytes for aqueous lithium/air battery cells
patent, December 2012

Substantially impervious lithium super ion conducting membranes
patent, December 2012

Hydrogels for aqueous lithium/air battery cells
patent, March 2013

Cathodes and reservoirs for aqueous lithium/air battery cells
patent, June 2013

Catholytes for aqueous lithium/air battery cells
patent, February 2014

High energy density aqueous lithium/air-battery cells
patent, March 2014

Cathode architectures for alkali metal / oxygen batteries
patent, January 2015

Lithium battery cell with protective membrane having a garnet like structure
patent, March 2016

ION CONDUCTIVE LAMINATE AND PRODUCTION METHOD AND USE THEREOF
patent-application, August 2001

Plating metal negative electrodes under protective coatings
patent-application, November 2001

Negative active material for rechargeable lithium battery and method of preparing the same
patent-application, January 2002

Lithium anodes for electrochemical cells
patent-application, January 2002

Encapsulated lithium alloy electrodes having barrier layers
patent-application, March 2002

Electrochemical cell and negative electrode therefor
patent-application, June 2002

Solid gel membrane separator in electrochemical cells
patent-application, August 2002

Non-aqueous electrolyte secondary cell
patent-application, August 2002

Organic electrolytic solution and lithium secondary battery employing the same
patent-application, July 2003

High-voltage dual electrolyte electrochemical power sources
patent-application, June 2004

Ionically conductive composites for protection of active metal anodes
patent-application, July 2004

Ionically conductive composites for protection of active metal anodes
patent-application, July 2004

Integrated battery
patent-application, September 2004

Ionically conductive membranes for protection of active metal anodes and battery cells
patent-application, September 2004

Active metal/aqueous electrochemical cells and systems
patent-application, October 2004

Active metal fuel cells
patent-application, May 2005

Active metal electrolyzer
patent-application, May 2005

Protected active metal electrode and battery cell structures with non-aqueous interlayer architecture
patent-application, August 2005

Chemical protection of a lithium surface
patent-application, August 2005

Lithium oxygen batteries and method of producing same
patent-application, September 2005

Metal-air battery with ion-conducting inorganic glass electrolyte
patent-application, March 2006

Solid electrolytes based on lithium hafnium phosphate for active metal anode protection
patent-application, April 2006

Battery with tin-based negative electrode materials
patent-application, April 2006

Solid polymer electrolyte composite membrane comprising porous ceramic support
patent-application, August 2006

Electrochemical cell
patent-application, August 2006

Compliant seal structures for protected active metal anodes
patent-application, February 2007

Polymer adhesive seals for protected anode architectures
patent-application, March 2007

Lithium ion conductive solid electrolyte and method for manufacturing the same
patent-application, April 2007

LI/AIR NON-AQUEOUS BATTERIES
patent-application, May 2007

Solid composite electrolyte membrane and method of making
patent-application, May 2007

Batteries
patent-application, June 2007

COMPOSITE SOLID ELECTROLYTE FOR PROTECTION OF ACTIVE METAL ANODES
patent-application, July 2007

Lithium ion conductive solid electrolyte and production process thereof
patent-application, October 2007

Metal-air semi-fuel cell with an aqueous acid based cathode
patent-application, November 2007

PROTECTED LITHIUM ELECTRODES FOR ELECTRO-TRANSPORT DRUG DELIVERY
patent-application, July 2008

Battery
patent-application, September 2009

HYDROGELS FOR AQUEOUS LITHIUM/AIR BATTERY CELLS
patent-application, December 2009

CATHOLYTES FOR AQUEOUS LITHIUM/AIR BATTERY CELLS
patent-application, December 2009

HIGH ENERGY DENSITY AQUEOUS LITHIUM/AIR BATTERY CELLS
patent-application, December 2009

CATHODES AND RESERVOIRS FOR AQUEOUS LITHIUM/AIR BATTERY CELLS
patent-application, December 2009

Electrocatalyst, Fuel Cell Cathode and Fuel Cell
patent-application, January 2010

PROTECTED ACTIVE METAL ELECTRODE AND BATTERY CELL WITH IONICALLY CONDUCTIVE PREOTECTIVE ARCHITECTURE
patent-application, January 2011

CERAMIC MATERIAL AND PREPARATION METHOD THEREFOR
patent-application, March 2011

HIGH-ENERGY METAL AIR BATTERIES
patent-application, March 2011

Non-Aqueous Electrolyte for a High-Voltage Lithium Battery
patent-application, July 2011

GARNET-TYPE LITHIUM ION-CONDUCTING OXIDE AND ALL-SOLID-STATE LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY CONTAINING THE SAME
patent-application, October 2011

HIGH RATE SEAWATER ACTIVATED LITHIUM BATTERY CELLS BI-POLAR PROTECTED ELECTRODES AND MULTI-CELL STACKS
patent-application, November 2011

HIGH IONIC CONDUCTIVITY ELECTROLYTES FROM BLOCK COPOLYMERS OF GRAFTED POLY(SILOXANES-CO-ETHYLENE OXIDE)
patent-application, December 2011

ACTIVE METAL / AQUEOUS ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS AND SYSTEMS
patent-application, March 2012

Composite Sheet and Production Method Thereof
patent-application, July 2012

PROTECTED LITHIUM ELECTRODES HAVING TAPE CAST CERAMIC AND GLASS-CERAMIC MEMBRANES
patent-application, August 2012

POLYMER COMPOSITIONS BASED ON PXE
patent-application, March 2013

CATHOLYTES FOR AQUEOUS LITHIUM/AIR BATTERY CELLS
patent-application, May 2013

SMALL DOMAIN-SIZE MULTIBLOCK COPOLYMER ELECTROLYTES
patent-application, October 2013

CATHODE ARCHITECTURES FOR ALKALI METAL / OXYGEN BATTERIES
patent-application, November 2013

ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE WITH PROTECTIVE MEMBRANE ARCHITECTURE
patent-application, February 2014

Lithium battery having a protected lithium electrode and an ionic liquid catholyte
patent-application, February 2014

A Stable Thin-Film Lithium Electrolyte: Lithium Phosphorus Oxynitride
journal, January 1997
  • Yu, Xiaohua; Bates, J. B.; Jellison, G. E.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 144, Issue 2, p. 524-532
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1837443

Fast Li+ Ion Conduction in Li2O-Al2O3-TiO2-SiO2-P2O2 Glass-Ceramics
journal, July 1997

Characterization of the Lithium/Oxygen Organic Electrolyte Battery
journal, January 2002
  • Read, J.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 149, Issue 9, p. A1190-A1195
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1498256

A Polymer Electrolyte-Based Rechargeable Lithium/Oxygen Battery
journal, January 1996
  • Abraham, K. M.; Jiang, Z.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 143, Issue 1, p. 1-5
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1836378

Lithium-Ion Cells with Aqueous Electrolytes
journal, January 1995
  • Li, W.; Dahn, J. R.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 142, Issue 6, p. 1742-1746
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2044187

Electrochemical Lithium Intercalation in  VO 2 (  B  )  in Aqueous Electrolytes
journal, January 1996
  • Zhang, Meijie; Dahn, J. R.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 143, Issue 9, p. 2730-2735
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1837099

Primary Sodium Batteries with Beta-Alumina Solid Electrolyte
journal, January 1975
  • Will, F. G.; Mitoff, S. P.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 122, Issue 4, p. 457-461
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2134239

Similar records in DOepatents and OSTI.GOV collections: