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Title: Integral reactor system and method for fuel cells

A reactor system is integrated internally within an anode-side cavity of a fuel cell. The reactor system is configured to convert higher hydrocarbons to smaller species while mitigating the lower production of solid carbon. The reactor system may incorporate one or more of a pre-reforming section, an anode exhaust gas recirculation device, and a reforming section.
Inventors:
; ; ; ; ;
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1346009
Assignee:
ACUMENTRICS SOFC CORPORATION NETL
Patent Number(s):
9,590,260
Application Number:
14/077,728
Contract Number:
FC36-03NT41838
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2013 Nov 12
Research Org:
ACUMENTRICS SOFC CORPORATION, Westwood, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION

Other works cited in this record:

Fuel cell generator and method of operating same
patent, February 1983

Fuel cell generator containing self-supporting high gas flow solid oxide electrolyte fuel cells
patent, March 1988

Fuel cell with partially shielded internal reformer
patent, November 1988

Electrochemical cell apparatus having axially distributed entry of a fuel-spent fuel mixture transverse to the cell lengths
patent, January 1991

Electrochemical cell apparatus having an integrated reformer-mixer nozzle-mixer diffuser
patent, September 1991

Electrochemical cell apparatus having combusted exhaust gas heat exchange and valving to control the reformable feed fuel composition
patent, September 1992

Electrochemical cell apparatus having an exterior fuel mixer nozzle
patent, December 1992

Solid oxide fuel cell stack
patent, January 1996

Electrochemical fuel cell generator having an internal and leak tight hydrocarbon fuel reformer
patent, March 1998

Process for providing a pure hydrogen stream for use with fuel cells
patent, October 2001

Segregated exhaust fuel cell generator
patent, December 2002

Electrochemical fuel depletion means for fuel cell generators
patent, June 2003

Segregated exhaust SOFC generator with high fuel utilization capability
patent, August 2003

System and controls for near zero cold start tailpipe emissions in internal combustion engines
patent, December 2003

Fuel cell power plant
patent, October 2004

Waste heat recovery means for fuel cell power system
patent, August 2005

Fuel cell system
patent, September 2007

Fuel cell system having inlet fuel to more than one and/or recycle to less than all of the fuel fields
patent, November 2007

Combination of injector-ejector for fuel cell systems
patent, January 2008

Method of operating a fuel cell to provide a heated and humidified oxidant
patent, March 2008

Carbon dioxide recirculation
patent, May 2008

Apparatus for mixing fuel and an oxidant
patent, June 2008

Oxidant and fuel distribution for a fuel cell assembly
patent, June 2008

High temperature fuel cell system and method of operating same
patent, September 2008

Carbon dioxide recirculation
patent, April 2009

Fuel cell system with thermally integrated combustor and corrugated foil reformer
patent, April 2009

High efficiency load-following solid oxide fuel cell systems
patent, June 2009

Operation control of fuel cell system
patent, December 2009

Hybrid reformer for fuel flexibility
patent, April 2010

Integral reactor system and method for fuel cells
patent, November 2013

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