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Title: Nanocomposite anode materials for sodium-ion batteries

Abstract

The disclosure relates to an anode material for a sodium-ion battery having the general formula AO.sub.x--C or AC.sub.x--C, where A is aluminum (Al), magnesium (Mg), titanium (Ti), vanadium (V), chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), cobalt (Co), nickel (Ni), zirconium (Zr), molybdenum (Mo), tungsten (W), niobium (Nb), tantalum (Ta), silicon (Si), or any combinations thereof. The anode material also contains an electrochemically active nanoparticles within the matrix. The nanoparticle may react with sodium ion (Na.sup.+) when placed in the anode of a sodium-ion battery. In more specific embodiments, the anode material may have the general formula M.sub.ySb-M'O.sub.x--C, Sb-MO.sub.x--C, M.sub.ySn-M'C.sub.x--C, or Sn-MC.sub.x--C. The disclosure also relates to rechargeable sodium-ion batteries containing these materials and methods of making these materials.

Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Board of Regents, The University of Texas System, Austin, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1257204
Patent Number(s):
9368789
Application Number:
14/253,509
Assignee:
Board of Regents, The University of Texas System (Austin, TX)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
H - ELECTRICITY H01 - BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS H01M - PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
Y - NEW / CROSS SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES Y02 - TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE Y02E - REDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0005397
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2014 Apr 15
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; 25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Manthiram, Arumugam, Kim Il, Tae, and Allcorn, Eric. Nanocomposite anode materials for sodium-ion batteries. United States: N. p., 2016. Web.
Manthiram, Arumugam, Kim Il, Tae, & Allcorn, Eric. Nanocomposite anode materials for sodium-ion batteries. United States.
Manthiram, Arumugam, Kim Il, Tae, and Allcorn, Eric. Tue . "Nanocomposite anode materials for sodium-ion batteries". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1257204.
@article{osti_1257204,
title = {Nanocomposite anode materials for sodium-ion batteries},
author = {Manthiram, Arumugam and Kim Il, Tae and Allcorn, Eric},
abstractNote = {The disclosure relates to an anode material for a sodium-ion battery having the general formula AO.sub.x--C or AC.sub.x--C, where A is aluminum (Al), magnesium (Mg), titanium (Ti), vanadium (V), chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), cobalt (Co), nickel (Ni), zirconium (Zr), molybdenum (Mo), tungsten (W), niobium (Nb), tantalum (Ta), silicon (Si), or any combinations thereof. The anode material also contains an electrochemically active nanoparticles within the matrix. The nanoparticle may react with sodium ion (Na.sup.+) when placed in the anode of a sodium-ion battery. In more specific embodiments, the anode material may have the general formula M.sub.ySb-M'O.sub.x--C, Sb-MO.sub.x--C, M.sub.ySn-M'C.sub.x--C, or Sn-MC.sub.x--C. The disclosure also relates to rechargeable sodium-ion batteries containing these materials and methods of making these materials.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {6}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Cu6Sn5–TiC–C nanocomposite alloy anodes with high volumetric capacity for lithium ion batteries
journal, April 2012


Cu2Sb–Al2O3–C nanocomposite alloy anodes with exceptional cycle life for lithium ion batteries
journal, January 2012


Sb-MOx-C (M = Al, Ti, or Mo) Nanocomposite Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, August 2009


Nanostructured Sn–Ti–C composite anodes for lithium ion batteries
journal, March 2011


Amorphized Sb-based composite for high-performance Li-ion battery anodes
journal, July 2013


Electrochemical investigation of the P2–NaxCoO2 phase diagram
journal, December 2010


Carbon black: a promising electrode material for sodium-ion batteries
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High capacity Na-storage and superior cyclability of nanocomposite Sb/C anode for Na-ion batteries
journal, January 2012