Global to push GA events into
skip to main content

Title: Lithium-containing scintillators for thermal neutron, fast neutron, and gamma detection

In one embodiment, a scintillator includes a scintillator material; a primary fluor, and a Li-containing compound, where the Li-containing compound is soluble in the primary fluor, and where the scintillator exhibits an optical response signature for thermal neutrons that is different than an optical response signature for fast neutrons and gamma rays.
Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1240729
Assignee:
Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC (Livermore, CA) LLNL
Patent Number(s):
9,274,237
Application Number:
14/253,754
Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2014 Apr 15
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Works referenced in this record:

Fast neutron detection with 6Li-loaded liquid scintillator
journal, August 2011
  • Fisher, B. M.; Abdurashitov, J. N.; Coakley, K. J.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 646, Issue 1, p. 126-134
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2011.04.019

Transparent matrix structures for detection of neutron particles based on di-ureasil xerogels
journal, March 2004
  • Im, Hee-Jung; Willis, Carl; Stephan, Andrew C.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 84, Issue 13, p. 2448-2450
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1690464

Transparent Solid-State Lithiated Neutron Scintillators Based on Self-Assembly of Polystyrene-block-poly(ethylene oxide) Copolymer Architectures
journal, October 2004
  • Im, H.-J.; Saengkerdsub, S.; Stephan, A. C.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 16, Issue 19, p. 1757-1761
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.200400337

Neutron/γ-ray discrimination characteristics of novel neutron scintillators
journal, August 2004
  • Katagiri, M.; Sakasai, K.; Matsubayashi, M.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 529, Issue 1-3, p. 317-320
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2004.05.003

Comparison of Lithium Gadolinium Borate Crystal Grains in Scintillating and Nonscintillating Plastic Matrices
journal, April 2013
  • Kazkaz, K.; Bowden, N. S.; Pedretti, M.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 60, Issue 2, p. 1416-1426
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2013.2249528

Comparison of Lithium Gadolinium Borate Crystal Grains in Scintillating and Nonscintillating Plastic Matrices
journal, April 2013
  • Kazkaz, K.; Bowden, N. S.; Pedretti, M.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 60, Issue 2, p. 1416-1426
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2013.2249528

Polyester Composite Thermal Neutron Scintillation Films
journal, August 2012
  • Sen, Indraneel; Urffer, Matthew; Penumadu, Dayakar
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 59, Issue 4, p. 1781-1786
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2012.2201503

New Organic Crystals for Pulse Shape Discrimination
journal, June 2009
  • Hull, Giulia; Zaitseva, Natalia P.; Cherepy, Nerine J.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 56, Issue 3, p. 899-903
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2009.2015944

Composite scintillators as detectors for fast neutrons and gamma-radiation detection in the border monitoring
conference, October 2009
  • Iwanowska, J.; Moszynski, M.; Swiderski, L.
  • Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (NSS/MIC), 2009 IEEE
  • DOI: 10.1109/NSSMIC.2009.5402320

A new solid state neutron detector: Particle identification with a barium-fluoride plastic scintillator
journal, July 1988
  • Kubota, S.; Motobayashi, T.; Ruan(Gen), J.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 270, Issue 2-3, p. 598-601
  • DOI: 10.1016/0168-9002(88)90735-8

Discrimination methods between neutron and gamma rays for boron loaded plastic scintillators
journal, May 2002
  • Normand, Stéphane; Mouanda, Brigitte; Haan, Serge
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 484, Issue 1-3, p. 342-350
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(01)02016-2

Recent developments in neutron detection
journal, April 2000
  • Peurrung, A.J
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 443, Issue 2-3, p. 400-415
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(99)01165-1

Autofluorescence characteristics of immortalized and carcinogen-transformed human bronchial epithelial cells
journal, January 2001
  • Pitts, Jonathan D.; Sloboda, Roger D.; Dragnev, Konstantin H.
  • Journal of Biomedical Optics, Vol. 6, Issue 1, p. 31-41
  • DOI: 10.1117/1.1333057

Doping of polysiloxane rubbers for the production of organic scintillators
journal, August 2010

Optical and Scintillation Properties of Polydimethyl-Diphenylsiloxane Based Organic Scintillators
journal, April 2010
  • Quaranta, Alberto; Carturan, Sara Maria; Marchi, Tommaso
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 57, Issue 2, p. 891-900
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2010.2042817

Spectroscopic Diagnosis Of Colonic Dysplasia
journal, June 1991

Polyester Composite Thermal Neutron Scintillation Films
journal, August 2012
  • Sen, Indraneel; Urffer, Matthew; Penumadu, Dayakar
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 59, Issue 4, p. 1781-1786
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2012.2201503

Efficiencies of coated and perforated semiconductor neutron detectors
conference, October 2004

Aberrant porphyrin metabolism in hepatocellular carcinoma
journal, April 1984

Growth, optical, thermal and mechanical studies of methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate single crystals
journal, August 2003

Plastic scintillators with efficient neutron/gamma pulse shape discrimination
journal, March 2012
  • Zaitseva, Natalia; Rupert, Benjamin L.; PaweŁczak, Iwona
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 668, p. 88-93
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2011.11.071

Characteristics of large-sized Ce:YAG scintillation crystal grown by temperature gradient technique
journal, June 2003

Synthesis and properties of 4-amino-3-cyanofurazan
journal, May 1994
  • Andrianov, V. G.; Eremeev, A. V.
  • Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds, Vol. 30, Issue 5, p. 608-611
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01169844

Transparent lithium loaded plastic scintillators for thermal neutron detection
journal, February 2013
  • Breukers, R. D.; Bartle, C. M.; Edgar, A.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 701, p. 58-61
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2012.10.080

A scintillation counter with neutron and gamma-ray discriminators
journal, April 1959

Fast neutron - gamma pulse shape discrimination of liquid scintillation signals for time correlated measurements
conference, October 2003

Simple ways of n–γ discrimination using charge comparison technique
journal, February 2008
  • Jhingan, Akhil; Singh, Hardev; Singh, R. P.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 585, Issue 3, p. 165-171
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2007.11.013

6:1 aspect ratio silicon pillar based thermal neutron detector filled with B10
journal, September 2008
  • Nikolić, R. J.; Conway, A. M.; Reinhardt, C. E.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 93, Issue 13, Article No. 133502
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2985817

CDATA[Fabrication of Pillar-structured thermal neutron detectors
conference, October 2007
  • Nikolic, Rebecca J.; Conway, Adam M.; Reinhardt, Catherine E.
  • Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, 2007. NSS '07. IEEE
  • DOI: 10.1109/NSSMIC.2007.4437299

Digital pulse-shape discrimination of fast neutrons and rays
journal, August 2008
  • Söderström, P.-A.; Nyberg, J.; Wolters, R.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 594, Issue 1, p. 79-89
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2008.06.004

Laser induced fluorescence spectroscopy from native cancerous and normal tissue
journal, December 1984
  • Alfano, R.; Tata, D.; Cordero, J.
  • IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol. 20, Issue 12, p. 1507-1511
  • DOI: 10.1109/JQE.1984.1072322

Effect of heat treatment on the stress and structure evolution of plasma deposited boron nitride thin films
journal, March 2008

Deposition of thick cubic boron nitride films: The route to practical applications
journal, March 2005

New Polystyrene-Based Scintillators
journal, January 2002
  • Britvich, I. G.; Vasil'chenko, V. G.; Kirichenko, V. N.
  • Instruments and Experimental Techniques, Vol. 45, Issue 5, p. 644-655
  • DOI: 10.1023/A:1020402001190

Development of organic scintillators
journal, June 1979

Novel polysiloxane-based scintillators for neutron detection
journal, November 2010
  • Carturan, S.; Quaranta, A.; Marchi, T.
  • Radiation Protection Dosimetry, Vol. 143, Issue 2-4, p. 471-476
  • DOI: 10.1093/rpd/ncq403

<title>Subsurface imaging using the spectral polarization difference technique and NIR illumination</title>
conference, July 1999
  • Demos, Stavros G.; Radousky, Harry B.; Alfano, Robert R.
  • Proc. SPIE, Vol. 3597
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.356824

Tissue imaging for cancer detection using NIR autofluorescence
conference, May 2002
  • Demos, Stavros G.; Staggs, Michael C.; Gandour-Edwards, Regina
  • Proc. SPIE, Vol. 4613
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.465260

Opportunities for new materials synthesis by hot wire chemical vapor process
journal, May 2011

Fast neutron detection with 6Li-loaded liquid scintillator
journal, August 2011
  • Fisher, B. M.; Abdurashitov, J. N.; Coakley, K. J.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 646, Issue 1, p. 126-134
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2011.04.019

A low background, large solid angle neutron detector for spectroscopy and dosimetry application
journal, April 1994
  • Gervinoa, G.; Monticone, E.; Lavagno, A.
  • Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, Vol. 42, Issue 1-3, p. 497-502
  • DOI: 10.1016/0924-4247(94)80041-3

6Li-salicylate neutron detectors with pulse shape discrimination
journal, September 1979
  • Greenwood, Lawrence R.; Chellew, Norman R.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods, Vol. 165, Issue 1, p. 129-131
  • DOI: 10.1016/0029-554X(79)90317-3

Fluorescent 1,8-naphthalimides-containing polymers as plastic scintillators. An attempt for neutron–gamma discrimination
journal, December 2008

Improvement of Adhesion of Cubic Boron Nitride Films: Effect of Interlayer and Deposition Parameters
journal, January 2005

New Organic Crystals for Pulse Shape Discrimination
journal, June 2009
  • Hull, Giulia; Zaitseva, Natalia P.; Cherepy, Nerine J.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 56, Issue 3, p. 899-903
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2009.2015944

Scintillators for Alpha and Neutron Radiations Synthesized by Room Temperature Sol-Gel Processing
journal, December 2004
  • Im, Hee-Jung; Willis, Carl; Saengkerdsub, Suree
  • Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, Vol. 32, Issue 1-3, p. 117-123
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10971-004-5775-7

Transparent matrix structures for detection of neutron particles based on di-ureasil xerogels
journal, March 2004
  • Im, Hee-Jung; Willis, Carl; Stephan, Andrew C.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 84, Issue 13, p. 2448-2450
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1690464

Transparent Solid-State Lithiated Neutron Scintillators Based on Self-Assembly of Polystyrene-block-poly(ethylene oxide) Copolymer Architectures
journal, October 2004
  • Im, H.-J.; Saengkerdsub, S.; Stephan, A. C.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 16, Issue 19, p. 1757-1761
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.200400337

Composite scintillators as detectors for fast neutrons and gamma-radiation detection in the border monitoring
conference, October 2009
  • Iwanowska, J.; Moszynski, M.; Swiderski, L.
  • Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (NSS/MIC), 2009 IEEE
  • DOI: 10.1109/NSSMIC.2009.5402320

Effect of deposition parameters on the formation of cubic BN films deposited by plasma-assisted chemical vapour deposition from non-toxic material
journal, January 1992

Neutron/γ-ray discrimination characteristics of novel neutron scintillators
journal, August 2004
  • Katagiri, M.; Sakasai, K.; Matsubayashi, M.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 529, Issue 1-3, p. 317-320
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2004.05.003

Scintillation materials for neutron imaging detectors
journal, August 2004
  • Katagiri, M.; Sakasai, K.; Matsubayashi, M.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 529, Issue 1-3, p. 274-279
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2004.04.165

Comparison of Lithium Gadolinium Borate Crystal Grains in Scintillating and Nonscintillating Plastic Matrices
journal, April 2013
  • Kazkaz, K.; Bowden, N. S.; Pedretti, M.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 60, Issue 2, p. 1416-1426
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2013.2249528

Highly efficient solid-state neutron scintillators based on hybrid sol-gel nanocomposite materials
journal, November 2006
  • Kesanli, Banu; Hong, Kunlun; Meyer, Kent
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 89, Issue 21, Article No. 214104
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2393003

CDATA[Characteristics of hybrid plastic scintillators for slow neutron measurements
conference, October 2007

A new solid state neutron detector: Particle identification with a barium-fluoride plastic scintillator
journal, July 1988
  • Kubota, S.; Motobayashi, T.; Ruan(Gen), J.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 270, Issue 2-3, p. 598-601
  • DOI: 10.1016/0168-9002(88)90735-8

New approach in depositing thick, layered cubic boron nitride coatings by oxygen addition—structural and compositional analysis
journal, November 2006

The introducing of fluorine into the deposition of BN: a successful method to obtain high-quality, thick cBN films with low residual stress
journal, September 2001

New surface morphology for low stress thin-film-coated thermal neutron detectors
journal, August 2002
  • McGregor, D. S.; Klann, R. T.; Gersch, H. K.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 49, Issue 4, p. 1999-2004
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2002.801697

Heme biosynthesis in human breast cancer—mimetic “in vitro” studies and some heme enzymic activity levels
journal, January 1990
  • Navone, Nora M.; Polo, Cesar F.; Frisardi, Alberto L.
  • International Journal of Biochemistry, Vol. 22, Issue 12, p. 1407-1411
  • DOI: 10.1016/0020-711X(90)90230-Z

Synthesis of 2-amino-5-(5R-1,2,4-oxadiazolyl-3)-1,3,4-oxadiazoles
journal, December 1993
  • Yarovenko, V. N.; Lysenko, O. V.; Krayushkin, M. M.
  • Russian Chemical Bulletin, Vol. 42, Issue 12, p. 2014-2017
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00698886

Neutron detection with single crystal organic scintillators
conference, September 2009
  • Zaitseva, Natalia P.; Newby, Jason; Hamel, Sebastien
  • Proc. SPIE, Vol. 7449
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.829870

Pulse shape discrimination with lithium-containing organic scintillators
journal, November 2013
  • Zaitseva, Natalia; Glenn, Andrew; Paul Martinez, H.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 729, p. 747-754
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2013.08.048

Thermal Neutron Scintillator Detectors Based on Poly (2-Vinylnaphthalene) Composite Films
journal, June 2011
  • Sen, Indraneel; Penumadu, Dayakar; Williamson, Martin
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 58, Issue 3, p. 1386-1393
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2011.2141149

A high resolution, low background fast neutron spectrometer
journal, January 2002
  • Abdurashitov, J. N.; Gavrin, V. N.; Kalikhov, A. V.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 476, Issue 1-2, p. 318-321
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(01)01447-4

Boron-loaded silicone rubber scintillators
journal, August 2004
  • Bell, Z. W.; Miller, M. A.; Maya, L.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 51, Issue 4, p. 1773-1776
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2004.832600

Luminescence and scintillation properties of CS2LiYCl6:Ce3+ for γ and neutron detection
journal, January 2005
  • Bessiere, A.; Dorenbos, P.; E. van Eijk, C. W.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 537, Issue 1-2, p. 242-246
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2004.08.018

Li-Based Thermal Neutron Scintillator Research; Rb2LiYBr6:Ce3+ and Other Elpasolites
journal, June 2008
  • Birowosuto, M. Danang; Dorenbos, Pieter; de Haas, Johan T. M.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 55, Issue 3, p. 1152-1155
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2008.922826

Measurement of the Time Dependence of Scintillation Intensity by a Delayed‐Coincidence Method
journal, September 1961
  • Bollinger, L. M.; Thomas, G. E.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 32, Issue 9, p. 1044-1050
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1717610

Pulse Shape Discrimination in a Plastic Scintillator
journal, June 1960
  • Brooks, F. D.; Pringle, R. W.; Funt, B. L.
  • IRE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 7, Issue 2-3, p. 35-38
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS2.1960.4315733

The effect of material purity on the optical and scintillation properties of solution-grown trans-stilbene crystals
journal, April 2013

Digital pulse shape analysis for the capture-gated liquid scintillator BC-523A
journal, February 2009
  • Flaska, Marek; Pozzi, Sara A.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 599, Issue 2-3, p. 221-225
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2008.10.030

6Li‐loaded liquid scintillators with pulse shape discrimination
journal, April 1979
  • Greenwood, L. R.; Chellew, N. R.; Zarwell, G. A.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 50, Issue 4, p. 472-477
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1135854

Neutron-gamma discrimination in plastic scintillators
journal, December 2000
  • Hansen, R.R.; Reeder, P.L.; Peurrung, A.J.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 47, Issue 6, p. 2024-2028
  • DOI: 10.1109/23.903840

Neutron detection and identification using ZnS:Ag/6LiF in segmented antineutrino detectors
journal, October 2011
  • Kiff, Scott D.; Bowden, Nathaniel; Lund, Jim
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 652, Issue 1, p. 412-416
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2010.07.082

Rapid Triplet Excitation Migration in Organic Crystals
journal, November 1962
  • Nieman, G. C.; Robinson, G. W.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 37, Issue 9, p. 2150-2151
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1733439

The Decay Times of Organic Scintillators and Their Application to the Discrimination between Particles of Differing Specific Ionization
journal, December 1958

Measurements of Scintillation Lifetimes
journal, August 1953
  • Phillips, H. Bruce; Swank, Robert K.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 24, Issue 8, p. 611-616
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1770800

Lithium glass scintillator neutron detector as an improved alternative to the standard 3 he proportional counter
conference, October 2010

Securing special nuclear material: Recent advances in neutron detection and their role in nonproliferation
journal, December 2010
  • Runkle, R. C.; Bernstein, A.; Vanier, P. E.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 108, Issue 11, Article No. 111101
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3503495

Boron-10 Loaded BC523A Liquid Scintillator for Neutron Detection in the Border Monitoring
journal, December 2008
  • Swiderski, L.; Moszynski, M.; Wolski, D.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 55, Issue 6, p. 3710-3716
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2008.2006172

Further Study of Boron-10 Loaded Liquid Scintillators for Detection of Fast and Thermal Neutrons
journal, February 2010
  • Swiderski, L.; Moszynski, M.; Wolski, D.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 57, Issue 1, p. 375-380
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2009.2037223

Light Pulse Shapes in Liquid Scintillators Originating From Gamma-Rays and Neutrons
journal, October 2010
  • Szczesniak, Tomasz; Moszynski, Marek; Syntfeld-Kazuch, Agnieszka
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 57, Issue 6, p. 3846 - 3852
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2010.2068311

A feasibility study of boron-loaded liquid scintillator for the detection of electron anti-neutrinos
journal, August 1999
  • Wang, S. C.; Hsu, C. C.; Leung, R. W. S.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 432, Issue 1, p. 111-121
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(99)00350-2

Pulse shape discrimination in inorganic and organic scintillators. I
journal, August 1971
  • Winyard, R. A.; Lutkin, J. E.; McBeth, G. W.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods, Vol. 95, Issue 1, p. 141-153
  • DOI: 10.1016/0029-554X(71)90054-1

Growth and Properties of Lithium Salicylate Single Crystals
journal, August 2009
  • Zaitseva, Natalia; Newby, Jason; Hull, Giulia
  • Crystal Growth & Design, Vol. 9, Issue 8, p. 3799-3802
  • DOI: 10.1021/cg9005289

Pulse Shape Discrimination in Impure and Mixed Single-Crystal Organic Scintillators
journal, December 2011
  • Zaitseva, Natalia; Glenn, Andrew; Carman, Leslie
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 58, Issue 6, p. 3411-3420
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2011.2171363