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Title: Microbial production of multi-carbon chemicals and fuels from water and carbon dioxide using electric current

The invention provides systems and methods for generating organic compounds using carbon dioxide as a source of carbon and electrical current as an energy source. In one embodiment, a reaction cell is provided having a cathode electrode and an anode electrode that are connected to a source of electrical power, and which are separated by a permeable membrane. A biological film is provided on the cathode. The biological film comprises a bacterium that can accept electrons and that can convert carbon dioxide to a carbon-bearing compound and water in a cathode half-reaction. At the anode, water is decomposed to free molecular oxygen and solvated protons in an anode half-reaction. The half-reactions are driven by the application of electrical current from an external source. Compounds that have been produced include acetate, butanol, 2-oxobutyrate, propanol, ethanol, and formate.
Inventors:
;
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1224826
Assignee:
UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS CHO
Patent Number(s):
9,175,408
Application Number:
13/514,378
Contract Number:
FC02-02ER63446
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2010 Dec 22
Research Org:
UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS, Boston, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Works referenced in this record:

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The microbe electric: conversion of organic matter to electricity
journal, December 2008