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Title: System and method for key generation in security tokens

Abstract

Functional randomness in security tokens (FRIST) may achieve improved security in two-factor authentication hardware tokens by improving on the algorithms used to securely generate random data. A system and method in one embodiment according to the present invention may allow for security of a token based on storage cost and computational security. This approach may enable communication where security is no longer based solely on onetime pads (OTPs) generated from a single cryptographic function (e.g., SHA-256).

Inventors:
; ; ; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1224205
Patent Number(s):
9172698
Application Number:
14/052,065
Assignee:
UT-Battelle, LLC (Oak Ridge, TN)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
H - ELECTRICITY H04 - ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE H04L - TRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
G - PHYSICS G06 - COMPUTING G06F - ELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2013 Oct 11
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING

Citation Formats

Evans, Philip G., Humble, Travis S., Paul, Nathanael R., Pooser, Raphael C., and Prowell, Stacy J. System and method for key generation in security tokens. United States: N. p., 2015. Web.
Evans, Philip G., Humble, Travis S., Paul, Nathanael R., Pooser, Raphael C., & Prowell, Stacy J. System and method for key generation in security tokens. United States.
Evans, Philip G., Humble, Travis S., Paul, Nathanael R., Pooser, Raphael C., and Prowell, Stacy J. Tue . "System and method for key generation in security tokens". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1224205.
@article{osti_1224205,
title = {System and method for key generation in security tokens},
author = {Evans, Philip G. and Humble, Travis S. and Paul, Nathanael R. and Pooser, Raphael C. and Prowell, Stacy J.},
abstractNote = {Functional randomness in security tokens (FRIST) may achieve improved security in two-factor authentication hardware tokens by improving on the algorithms used to securely generate random data. A system and method in one embodiment according to the present invention may allow for security of a token based on storage cost and computational security. This approach may enable communication where security is no longer based solely on onetime pads (OTPs) generated from a single cryptographic function (e.g., SHA-256).},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {10}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

A fast and compact quantum random number generator
journal, April 2000


Quantum Random-number Generation and Key Sharing
journal, December 1994


Quantum random number generator based on photonic emission in semiconductors
journal, January 2007


Low-bias high-speed quantum random number generator via shaped optical pulses
journal, January 2010