Global to push GA events into
skip to main content

Title: Process for improving the energy density of feedstocks using formate salts

Methods of forming liquid hydrocarbons through thermal deoxygenation of cellulosic compounds are disclosed. Aspects cover methods including the steps of mixing a levulinic acid salt-containing feedstock with a formic acid salt, exposing the mixture to a high temperature condition to form hydrocarbon vapor, and condensing the hydrocarbon vapor to form liquid hydrocarbons, where both the formic acid salt and the levulinic acid salt-containing feedstock decompose at the high temperature condition and wherein one or more of the mixing, exposing, and condensing steps is carried out a pressure between about vacuum and about 10 bar.
; ;
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
University of Maine System Board of Trustees (Bangor, ME) GFO
Patent Number(s):
Application Number:
Contract Number:
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2011 Dec 20
Research Org:
University of Maine System Board of Trustees, Bangor, ME (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States

Works referenced in this record:

Motor Fuels From Biomass Pyrolysis
journal, May 2008
  • Barth, T.; Kleinert, M.
  • Chemical Engineering & Technology, Vol. 31, Issue 5, p. 773-781
  • DOI: 10.1002/ceat.200800122

Phenols from Lignin
journal, May 2008
  • Kleinert, M.; Barth, T.
  • Chemical Engineering & Technology, Vol. 31, Issue 5, p. 736-745
  • DOI: 10.1002/ceat.200800073

Optimizing solvolysis conditions for integrated depolymerisation and hydrodeoxygenation of lignin to produce liquid biofuel
journal, May 2009
  • Kleinert, Mike; Gasson, James R.; Barth, Tanja
  • Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Vol. 85, Issue 1-2, p. 108-117
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jaap.2008.09.019

Energy densification of levulinic acid by thermal deoxygenation
journal, January 2010
  • Schwartz, Thomas J.; van Heiningen, Adriaan R. P.; Wheeler, M. Clayton
  • Green Chemistry, Vol. 12, Issue 8, p. 1353-1356
  • DOI: 10.1039/C005067A