skip to main content
DOE Patents title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Apparatus and methods for regeneration of precipitating solvent

Abstract

A regenerator that can handle rich loaded chemical solvent containing precipitated absorption reaction products is disclosed. The invention is particularly suitable for separating CO.sub.2 from large gas streams that are typical of power plant processes. The internally circulating liquid stream in the regenerator (ICLS regenerator) rapidly heats-up the in-coming rich solvent stream in a downcomer standpipe as well as decreases the overall concentration of CO.sub.2 in the mixed stream. Both these actions lead to dissolution of precipitates. Any remaining precipitate further dissolves as heat is transferred to the mixed solution with an inverted bayonet tube heat exchanger in the riser portion of the regenerator. The evolving CO.sub.2 bubbles in the riser portion of the regenerator lead to substantial gas hold-up and the large density difference between the solutions in the downcomer standpipe and riser portions promotes internal circulation of the liquid stream in the regenerator. As minor amounts of solvent components present in the exit gas stream are condensed and returned back to the regenerator, pure CO.sub.2 gas stream exits the disclosed regenerator and condenser system.

Inventors:
; ; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Southern Company Services, Inc., Birmingham, AL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1212410
Patent Number(s):
9,114,350
Application Number:
13/712,491
Assignee:
Southern Company Services, Inc. (Birmingham, AL)
DOE Contract Number:  
NT0000749
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2012 Dec 12
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Liu, Guohai, Vimalchand, Pannalal, Peng, Wan Wang, and Bonsu, Alexander. Apparatus and methods for regeneration of precipitating solvent. United States: N. p., 2015. Web.
Liu, Guohai, Vimalchand, Pannalal, Peng, Wan Wang, & Bonsu, Alexander. Apparatus and methods for regeneration of precipitating solvent. United States.
Liu, Guohai, Vimalchand, Pannalal, Peng, Wan Wang, and Bonsu, Alexander. Tue . "Apparatus and methods for regeneration of precipitating solvent". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1212410.
@article{osti_1212410,
title = {Apparatus and methods for regeneration of precipitating solvent},
author = {Liu, Guohai and Vimalchand, Pannalal and Peng, Wan Wang and Bonsu, Alexander},
abstractNote = {A regenerator that can handle rich loaded chemical solvent containing precipitated absorption reaction products is disclosed. The invention is particularly suitable for separating CO.sub.2 from large gas streams that are typical of power plant processes. The internally circulating liquid stream in the regenerator (ICLS regenerator) rapidly heats-up the in-coming rich solvent stream in a downcomer standpipe as well as decreases the overall concentration of CO.sub.2 in the mixed stream. Both these actions lead to dissolution of precipitates. Any remaining precipitate further dissolves as heat is transferred to the mixed solution with an inverted bayonet tube heat exchanger in the riser portion of the regenerator. The evolving CO.sub.2 bubbles in the riser portion of the regenerator lead to substantial gas hold-up and the large density difference between the solutions in the downcomer standpipe and riser portions promotes internal circulation of the liquid stream in the regenerator. As minor amounts of solvent components present in the exit gas stream are condensed and returned back to the regenerator, pure CO.sub.2 gas stream exits the disclosed regenerator and condenser system.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {8}
}

Patent:

Save / Share: