Global to push GA events into
skip to main content

Title: Electrocatalysts for carbon dioxide conversion

Electrocatalysts for carbon dioxide conversion include at least one catalytically active element with a particle size above 0.6 nm. The electrocatalysts can also include a Helper Catalyst. The catalysts can be used to increase the rate, modify the selectivity or lower the overpotential of electrochemical conversion of CO.sub.2. Chemical processes and devices using the catalysts also include processes to produce CO, HCO.sup.-, H.sub.2CO, (HCO.sub.2).sup.-, H.sub.2CO.sub.2, CH.sub.3OH, CH.sub.4, C.sub.2H.sub.4, CH.sub.3CH.sub.2OH, CH.sub.3COO.sup.-, CH.sub.3COOH, C.sub.2H.sub.6, (COOH).sub.2, or (COO.sup.-).sub.2, and a specific device, namely, a CO.sub.2 sensor.
Inventors:
;
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1178252
Assignee:
Dioxide Materials, Inc. (Champaign, IL) DOESC
Patent Number(s):
9,012,345
Application Number:
13/445,887
Contract Number:
SC0004453
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2012 Apr 12
Research Org:
Dioxide Materials, Inc., Champaign, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION

Works referenced in this record:

Effect of sodium cation on the electrochemical reduction of CO2 at a copper electrode in methanol
journal, August 2006
  • Kaneco, Satoshi; Iiba, Kenji; Katsumata, Hideyuki
  • Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, Vol. 11, Issue 4, p. 490-495
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10008-006-0185-0

Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide to ethylene at a copper electrode in methanol using potassium hydroxide and rubidium hydroxide supporting electrolytes
journal, April 2006

Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide to ethylene with high Faradaic efficiency at a Cu electrode in CsOH/methanol
journal, September 1999

Electrochemical reduction of CO2 in copper particle-suspended methanol
journal, June 2006
  • Kaneco, Satoshi; Ueno, Yousuke; Katsumata, Hideyuki
  • Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 119, Issue 2-3, p. 107-112
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2006.03.030

Electrochemical Reduction of CO2 to Methane at the Cu Electrode in Methanol with Sodium Supporting Salts and Its Comparison with Other Alkaline Salts
journal, January 2006
  • Kaneco, Satoshi; Katsumata, Hideyuki; Suzuki, Tohru
  • Energy & Fuels, Vol. 20, Issue 1, p. 409-414
  • DOI: 10.1021/ef050274d

Photoelectrochemical reduction of CO2 at p-InP electrode in copper particle-suspended methanol
journal, May 2009
  • Kaneco, Satoshi; Ueno, Yousuke; Katsumata, Hideyuki
  • Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 148, Issue 1, p. 57-62
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2008.07.038

Dependence of CO oxidation on Pt nanoparticle shape: a shape-selective approach to the synthesis of PEMFC catalysts
journal, January 2008
  • Kinge, Sachin; Urgeghe, Christian; De Battisti, Achille
  • Applied Organometallic Chemistry, Vol. 22, Issue 1, p. 49-54
  • DOI: 10.1002/aoc.1349

Particle Size Effects for Oxygen Reduction on Highly Dispersed Platinum in Acid Electrolytes
journal, January 1990
  • Kinoshita, K.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 3, p. 845-848
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2086566

Reduction of CO2 under high pressure and high temperature on Pb-granule electrodes in a fixed-bed reactor in aqueous medium
journal, October 2004

Efficient Homogeneous Catalysis in the Reduction of CO2 to CO
journal, December 2005
  • Laitar, David S.; Müller, Peter; Sadighi, Joseph P.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 127, Issue 49, p. 17196-17197
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja0566679

Studies on Suppression of Hydrogen Evolution Reaction for Zinc/Air Fuel Cell
journal, March 2007

Development of a continuous reactor for the electro-reduction of carbon dioxide to formate – Part 1: Process variables
journal, August 2006

Development of a continuous reactor for the electro-reduction of carbon dioxide to formate – Part 2: Scale-up
journal, July 2007

Observation of surface structural changes of Pt octahedron nanoparticles and its effect in electrocatalysis oxidation of methanol
journal, March 2009

CO electrooxidation on carbon supported platinum nanoparticles: Effect of aggregation
journal, June 2010
  • López-Cudero, Ana; Solla-Gullón, José; Herrero, Enrique
  • Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 644, Issue 2, p. 117-126
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jelechem.2009.06.016

Electrosorption of carbon dioxide on platinum group metals and alloys—a review
journal, July 2008
  • Łukaszewski, M.; Siwek, H.; Czerwiński, A.
  • Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, Vol. 13, Issue 6, p. 813-827
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10008-008-0618-z

Comparative EQCM study on electrooxidation of carbon oxides adsorption products on noble metals and their alloys. Polycrystalline Pd-based systems
journal, August 2007

A short review of catalysis for CO2 conversion
journal, November 2009

Lutetium Monophthalocyanine and Diphthalocyanine Complexes and Lithium Naphthalocyanine as Catalysts for Electrochemical CO2 Reduction
journal, January 2003
  • Magdesieva, Tatiana V.; Butin, Kim P.; Yamamoto, Toshio
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 150, Issue 12, p. E608-E612
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1624297

Influence of particle agglomeration on the catalytic activity of carbon-supported Pt nanoparticles in CO monolayer oxidation
journal, January 2005
  • Maillard, F.; Schreier, S.; Hanzlik, M.
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 7, Issue 2, p. 385-393
  • DOI: 10.1039/B411377B

Size effects on reactivity of Pt nanoparticles in CO monolayer oxidation: The role of surface mobility
journal, January 2004
  • Maillard, F.; Eikerling, M.; Cherstiouk, O. V.
  • Faraday Discussions, Vol. 125, p. 357-377
  • DOI: 10.1039/b303911k

Work functions of metal clusters
journal, December 1994
  • Meiwes-Broer, K. H.
  • Hyperfine Interactions, Vol. 89, Issue 1, p. 263-269
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF02064511

Electrocatalytic Carbon Dioxide Activation: The Rate-Determining Step of Pyridinium-Catalyzed CO2 Reduction
journal, February 2011
  • Morris, Amanda J.; McGibbon, Robert T.; Bocarsly, Andrew B.
  • ChemSusChem, Vol. 4, Issue 2, p. 191-196
  • DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201000379

Catalysis with Transition Metal Nanoparticles in Colloidal Solution:  Nanoparticle Shape Dependence and Stability
journal, July 2005
  • Narayanan, Radha; El-Sayed, Mostafa A.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 109, Issue 26, p. 12663-12676
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp051066p

Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide at Various Metal Electrodes in Aqueous Potassium Hydrogen Carbonate Solution
journal, September 1990
  • Noda, Hidetomo; Ikeda, Shoichiro; Oda, Yoshiyuki
  • Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, Vol. 63, Issue 9, p. 2459-2462
  • DOI: 10.1246/bcsj.63.2459

CO2 attraction by specifically adsorbed anions and subsequent accelerated electrochemical reduction
journal, December 2010

Reduction of CO2 to Ethylene at Three-Phase Interface Effects of Electrode Substrate and Catalytic Coating
journal, January 2005
  • Ogura, K.; Oohara, R.; Kudo, Y.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 152, Issue 12, p. D213-D219
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2073115

Electrochemical reduction of CO2 in methanol with aid of CuO and Cu2O
journal, November 2009

Electrochemical Processing of Carbon Dioxide
journal, May 2008

The Electrochemical Reduction of Hydrogen Sulfide on Platinum in Several Room Temperature Ionic Liquids
journal, April 2008
  • O’Mahony, Aoife M.; Silvester, Debbie S.; Aldous, Leigh
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 112, Issue 20, p. 7725-7730
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp800819k

The Catalytic Combination of Ethylene and Hydrogen in the Presence of Metallic Copper III. Carbon Monoxide as a Catalyst Poison
journal, May 1925
  • Pease, Robert N.; Stewart, Leland
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 47, Issue 5, p. 1235-1240
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja01682a006

In situ FT-IR and ex situ EPR analysis for the study of the electroreduction of carbon dioxide in N,N-dimethylformamide on a gold interface
journal, April 2005
  • Pérez, Eduardo R.; Garcia, Jarem R.; Cardoso, Daniel R.
  • Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 578, Issue 1, p. 87-94
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jelechem.2004.11.044

Particle size effect for ethanol electro-oxidation on Pt/C catalysts in half-cell and in a single direct ethanol fuel cell
journal, May 2011
  • Perez, Joelma; Paganin, Valdecir A.; Antolini, Ermete
  • Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 654, Issue 1-2, p. 108-115
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jelechem.2011.01.013

Thick-Film Carbon Dioxide Sensor via Anodic Adsorbate Stripping Technique and Its Structural Dependence
journal, September 2009
  • Photinon, Kanokorn; Wang, Shih-Han; Liu, Chung-Chiun
  • Sensors, Vol. 9, Issue 9, p. 7203-7216
  • DOI: 10.3390/s90907203

Electroreduction of carbon dioxide on palladium electrodes at potentials higher than the reversible hydrogen potential
journal, August 1994
  • Podlovchenko, B. I.; Kolyadko, E. A.; Lu, Shigan
  • Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 373, Issue 1-2, p. 185-187
  • DOI: 10.1016/0022-0728(94)03324-2

Reduction of carbon dioxide on ruthenium oxide and modified ruthenium oxide electrodes in 0.5 M NaHCO3
journal, January 1997
  • Popić, J. P.; Avramov-Ivić, M. L.; Vuković, N. B.
  • Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 421, Issue 1-2, p. 105-110
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0022-0728(96)04823-1

Electrochemical reduction of CO2 on RuO2/TiO2 nanotubes composite modified Pt electrode
journal, May 2005

Electrochemical Reduction of CO2 to CO Catalyzed by a Bimetallic Palladium Complex
journal, July 2006
  • Raebiger, James W.; Turner, Jeffrey W.; Noll, Bruce C.
  • Organometallics, Vol. 25, Issue 14, p. 3345-3351
  • DOI: 10.1021/om060228g

Development of Molecular Electrocatalysts for CO2 Reduction and H2 Production/Oxidation
journal, December 2009
  • Rakowski Dubois, M.; Dubois, Daniel L.
  • Accounts of Chemical Research, Vol. 42, Issue 12, p. 1974-1982
  • DOI: 10.1021/ar900110c

A Supramolecular Cobalt–Porphyrin-modified Electrode, toward the Electroreduction of Co2
journal, February 2004
  • RamÍRez, Galo; Lucero, Mauricio; Riquelme, Andrea
  • Journal of Coordination Chemistry, Vol. 57, Issue 3, p. 249-255
  • DOI: 10.1080/00958970410001677051

Application of ionic liquids as an electrolyte additive on the electrochemical behavior of lead acid battery
journal, February 2009

Effects of tetrabutylammonium hydrogen sulfate as an electrolyte additive on the electrochemical behavior of lead acid battery
journal, April 2008
  • Rezaei, Behzad; Taki, Mahmood
  • Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, Vol. 12, Issue 12, p. 1663-1671
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10008-008-0547-x

Specific surface reactions for identification of platinum surface domains
journal, August 2005

Ionic Liquid-Mediated Selective Conversion of CO2 to CO at Low Overpotentials
journal, September 2011
  • Rosen, B. A.; Salehi-Khojin, A.; Thorson, M. R.
  • Science, Vol. 334, Issue 6056, p. 643-644
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1209786

Electrochemical reduction of CO2 with high current density in a CO2 + methanol medium at various metal electrodes
journal, March 1996
  • Saeki, Tomonori; Hashimoto, Kazuhito; Kimura, Naokazu
  • Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 404, Issue 2, p. 299-302
  • DOI: 10.1016/0022-0728(95)04374-8

Electrochemical Reduction of Liquid CO2: Drastic Enhancement of Current Density
journal, January 1994
  • Saeki, Tomonori
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 141, Issue 9, p. L130-L132
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2055178

The electrooxidation of small organic molecules on platinum nanoparticles supported on gold: influence of platinum deposition procedure
journal, June 2007
  • Scheijen, F. J. E.; Beltramo, G. L.; Hoeppener, S.
  • Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, Vol. 12, Issue 5, p. 483-495
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10008-007-0343-z

A new homogeneous electrocatalyst for the reduction of carbon dioxide to methanol at low overpotential
journal, July 1994
  • Seshadri, Gayatri; Lin, Chao; Bocarsly, Andrew B.
  • Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 372, Issue 1-2, p. 145-150
  • DOI: 10.1016/0022-0728(94)03300-5

Electrochemical Reduction of Benzoic Acid and Substituted Benzoic Acids in Some Room Temperature Ionic Liquids
journal, August 2008
  • Silvester, Debbie S.; He, Weisi; Aldous, Leigh
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 112, Issue 33, p. 12966-12973
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp802996q

Electrochemistry in Room Temperature Ionic Liquids: A Review and Some Possible Applications
journal, October 2006
  • Silvester, Debbie S.; Compton, Richard G.
  • Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, Vol. 220, Issue 10, p. 1247-1274
  • DOI: 10.1524/zpch.2006.220.10.1247

Comparison of Oxygen Reduction Reaction at Silver Nanoparticles and Polycrystalline Silver Electrodes in Alkaline Solution
journal, May 2012
  • Singh, Poonam; Buttry, Daniel A.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 116, Issue 19, p. 10656-10663
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp301676n

Effect of surface order on adsorption of sulfate ions on silver electrodes
journal, January 1998
  • Smoliński, Sławomir; Zelenay, Piotr; Sobkowski, Jerzy
  • Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 442, Issue 1-2, p. 41-47
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0022-0728(97)00469-5

Interaction of sulfate ions with monocrystalline silver electrodes
journal, March 1998
  • Sobkowski, Jerzy; Smoliński, Slawomir; Zelenay, Piotr
  • Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Vol. 134, Issue 1-2, p. 39-45
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0927-7757(97)00311-7

CO monolayer oxidation on semi-spherical and preferentially oriented (100) and (111) platinum nanoparticles
journal, January 2006
  • Solla-Gullón, J.; Vidal-Iglesias, F. J.; Herrero, E.
  • Electrochemistry Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1, p. 189-194
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.elecom.2005.11.008

Shape-dependent electrocatalysis: methanol and formic acid electrooxidation on preferentially oriented Pt nanoparticles
journal, January 2008
  • Solla-Gullón, J.; Vidal-Iglesias, F. J.; López-Cudero, A.
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 10, Issue 25, p. 3689-3698
  • DOI: 10.1039/b802703j

Nanoelectronic Carbon Dioxide Sensors
journal, October 2004
  • Star, A.; Han, T.-R.; Joshi, V.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 16, Issue 22, p. 2049-2052
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.200400322

Electrochemical membrane reactor for the reduction of carbondioxide to formate
journal, November 2006
  • Subramanian, K.; Asokan, K.; Jeevarathinam, D.
  • Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, Vol. 37, Issue 2, p. 255-260
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10800-006-9252-6

Hydroxyl-functionalized ionic liquid: a novel efficient catalyst for chemical fixation of CO2 to cyclic carbonate
journal, May 2008

Structure of Chemisorbed Sulfur on a Pt(111) Electrode
journal, January 1997
  • Sung, Y.-E.; Chrzanowski, W.; Zolfaghari, A.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 119, Issue 1, p. 194-200
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja962637h

Electrochemical reduction of CO2 at copper single crystal Cu(S)-[n(111)×(111)] and Cu(S)-[n(110)×(100)] electrodes
journal, September 2002
  • Takahashi, Ichiro; Koga, Osamu; Hoshi, Nagahiro
  • Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 533, Issue 1-2, p. 135-143
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0022-0728(02)01081-1

Direct Electrodeposition of Tetrahexahedral Pd Nanocrystals with High-Index Facets and High Catalytic Activity for Ethanol Electrooxidation
journal, June 2010
  • Tian, Na; Zhou, Zhi-You; Yu, Neng-Fei
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 132, Issue 22, p. 7580-7581
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja102177r

Platinum Metal Catalysts of High-Index Surfaces: From Single-Crystal Planes to Electrochemically Shape-Controlled Nanoparticles
journal, November 2008
  • Tian, Na; Zhou, Zhi-You; Sun, Shi-Gang
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 112, Issue 50, p. 19801-19817
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp804051e

Synthesis of Tetrahexahedral Platinum Nanocrystals with High-Index Facets and High Electro-Oxidation Activity
journal, May 2007

The electrolytic reduction of carbon dioxide to formic acid
journal, September 1971

Room-Temperature Ionic Liquids. Solvents for Synthesis and Catalysis
journal, August 1999
  • Welton, Thomas
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 99, Issue 8, p. 2071-2084
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr980032t

A Robust Ionic Liquid as Reaction Medium and Efficient Organocatalyst for Carbon Dioxide Fixation
journal, February 2008
  • Wong, Wing-Leung; Chan, Pak-Ho; Zhou, Zhong-Yuan
  • ChemSusChem, Vol. 1, Issue 1-2, p. 67-70
  • DOI: 10.1002/cssc.200700097

Effects of imidazolium salts as cocatalysts on the copolymerization of CO2 with epoxides catalyzed by (salen)CrIIICl complex
journal, June 2007

Adsorption of CO2 on the Rutile (110) Surface in Ionic Liquid. A Molecular Dynamics Simulation
journal, October 2009
  • Yan, Tianying; Wang, Shu; Zhou, Yuan
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 113, Issue 45, p. 19389-19392
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp908758u

Selective formation of ethylene from CO2 by catalytic electrolysis at a three-phase interface
journal, December 2004

Electrochemical activation of carbon dioxide in ionic liquid: synthesis of cyclic carbonates at mild reaction conditions
journal, January 2002
  • Yang, Hongzhou; Gu, Yanlong; Deng, Youquan
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 0, Issue 3, p. 274-275
  • DOI: 10.1039/b108451h

Particle-size effect of nanoscale platinum catalysts in oxygen reduction reaction: an electrochemical and 195Pt EC-NMR study
journal, January 2006
  • Yano, Hiroshi; Inukai, Junji; Uchida, Hiroyuki
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 8, Issue 42, p. 4932-4939
  • DOI: 10.1039/b610573d

Selective electrochemical reduction of CO2 to ethylene at a three-phase interface on copper(I) halide-confined Cu-mesh electrodes in acidic solutions of potassium halides
journal, April 2004

Selective ethylene formation by pulse-mode electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide using copper and copper-oxide electrodes
journal, July 2006
  • Yano, Jun; Morita, Toshiro; Shimano, Koji
  • Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, Vol. 11, Issue 4, p. 554-557
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10008-006-0181-4

Effect of additives in zinc alloy powder on suppressing hydrogen evolution
journal, July 1998

A new class of proton-conducting ionic plastic crystals based on organic cations and dihydrogen phosphate
journal, May 2007
  • Yoshizawa-Fujita, Masahiro; Fujita, Kyoko; Forsyth, Maria
  • Electrochemistry Communications, Vol. 9, Issue 5, p. 1202-1205
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.elecom.2007.01.024

Carboxylation of Terminal Alkynes with Carbon Dioxide Catalyzed by Poly(N-Heterocyclic Carbene)-Supported Silver Nanoparticles
journal, April 2012
  • Yu, Dingyi; Tan, Mei Xuan; Zhang, Yugen
  • Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis, Vol. 354, Issue 6, p. 969-974
  • DOI: 10.1002/adsc.201100934

Electrochemical activation of carbon dioxide for synthesis of dimethyl carbonate in an ionic liquid
journal, April 2009

Electrochemical activation of CO2 in ionic liquid (BMIMBF4): synthesis of organic carbonates under mild conditions
journal, January 2008
  • Zhang, Li; Niu, Dongfang; Zhang, Kai
  • Green Chemistry, Vol. 10, Issue 2, p. 202-206
  • DOI: 10.1039/B711981J

Chiral ionic liquids improved the asymmetric cycloaddition of CO2 to epoxides
journal, January 2009
  • Zhang, Suling; Huang, Yongzhong; Jing, Huanwang
  • Green Chemistry, Vol. 11, Issue 7, p. 935-938
  • DOI: 10.1039/b821513h

Hydrogenation of Carbon Dioxide is Promoted by a Task-Specific Ionic Liquid
journal, January 2008
  • Zhang, Zhaofu; Xie, Ye; Li, Wenjing
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 47, Issue 6, p. 1127-1129
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.200704487

Hydrogenation of CO2 to Formic Acid Promoted by a Diamine-Functionalized Ionic Liquid
journal, March 2009
  • Zhang, Zhaofu; Hu, Suqin; Song, Jinliang
  • ChemSusChem, Vol. 2, Issue 3, p. 234-238
  • DOI: 10.1002/cssc.200800252

Electrochemical reduction of supercritical carbon dioxide in ionic liquid 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate
journal, December 2004
  • Zhao, Guoying; Jiang, Tao; Han, Buxing
  • The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Vol. 32, Issue 1-3, p. 287-291
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.supflu.2003.12.015

Size Effects in Electronic and Catalytic Properties of Unsupported Palladium Nanoparticles in Electrooxidation of Formic Acid
journal, July 2006
  • Zhou, Wei Ping; Lewera, Adam; Larsen, Robert
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 110, Issue 27, p. 13393-13398
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp061690h

Supported choline chloride/urea as a heterogeneous catalyst for chemical fixation of carbon dioxide to cyclic carbonates
journal, January 2007
  • Zhu, Anlian; Jiang, Tao; Han, Buxing
  • Green Chemistry, Vol. 9, Issue 2, p. 169-172
  • DOI: 10.1039/B612164K

Selective Formation of Formic Acid, Oxalic Acid, and Carbon Monoxide by Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide
journal, July 1987
  • Ikeda, Shoichiro; Takagi, Takehiko; Ito, Kaname
  • Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, Vol. 60, Issue 7, p. 2517-2522
  • DOI: 10.1246/bcsj.60.2517

The Effect of the Particle Size on the Kinetics of CO Electrooxidation on High Surface Area Pt Catalysts
journal, May 2005
  • Arenz, Matthias; Mayrhofer, Karl J. J.; Stamenkovic, Vojislav
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 127, Issue 18, p. 6819-6829
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja043602h

Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide on Various Metal Electrodes in Low-Temperature Aqueous KHCO3 Media
journal, January 1990
  • Azuma, Masashi; Hashimoto, Kazuhito; Hiramoto, Masahiro
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 6, p. 1772-1778
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2086796

Reduction of carbon dioxide in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate
journal, January 2009
  • Barrosse-Antle, Laura E.; Compton, Richard G.
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 0, Issue 25, p. 3744-3746
  • DOI: 10.1039/b906320j

Electrocatalysis of CO2 reduction by ruthenium benzothiazole and bithiazole complexes
journal, October 2007

Oxygen Reduction on Silver Low-Index Single-Crystal Surfaces in Alkaline Solution:  Rotating Ring DiskAg(hkl) Studies
journal, March 2006
  • Blizanac, B. B.; Ross, P. N.; Marković, N. M.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 110, Issue 10, p. 4735-4741
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp056050d

The influence of platinum crystallite size on the electrochemical reduction of oxygen in phosphoric acid
journal, June 1978

Investigation of proton dynamics and the proton transport pathway in choline dihydrogen phosphate using solid-state NMR
journal, January 2010
  • Cahill, Lindsay S.; Rana, Usman Ali; Forsyth, Maria
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 20, p. 5431-5438
  • DOI: 10.1039/b916422g

In-situ spectroscopic investigation of adsorbed intermediate radicals in electrochemical reactions: CO2 on platinum
journal, July 1987

Effects of process conditions and electrode material on reaction pathways for carbon dioxide electroreduction with particular reference to formate formation
journal, December 2003

Role of surface defect sites: from Pt model surfaces to shape-controlled nanoparticles
journal, January 2012
  • Chen, Qing-Song; Vidal-Iglesias, Francisco J.; Solla-Gullón, José
  • Chemical Science, Vol. 3, Issue 1, p. 136-147
  • DOI: 10.1039/C1SC00503K

Model approach to evaluate particle size effects in electrocatalysis: preparation and properties of Pt nanoparticles supported on GC and HOPG
journal, November 2003

Electrocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide by a polymeric film of rhenium tricarbonyl dipyridylamine
journal, August 2009

Fixation of CO2 by Electrocatalytic Reduction and Electropolymerization in Ionic Liquid–H2O Solution
journal, March 2008

Using a One-Electron Shuttle for the Multielectron Reduction of CO2 to Methanol: Kinetic, Mechanistic, and Structural Insights
journal, August 2010
  • Barton Cole, Emily; Lakkaraju, Prasad S.; Rampulla, David M.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 132, Issue 33, p. 11539-11551
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja1023496

Development and Commercialization of the Monsanto Electrochemical Adiponitrile Process
journal, January 1984
  • Danly, D. E.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 131, Issue 10, p. 435C-442C
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2115324

Commercially Available Salts as Building Blocks for New Ionic Liquids
book, August 2003
  • Davis, James H.; Fox, Phillip A.; Rogers, Robin D.
  • Ionic Liquids as Green Solvents: Progress and Prospects, p. 100-107
  • DOI: 10.1021/bk-2003-0856.ch009

Design of an Electrochemical Cell Making Syngas  (CO + H2)  from CO2 and H2O Reduction at Room Temperature
journal, January 2008
  • Delacourt, Charles; Ridgway, Paul L.; Kerr, John B.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 155, Issue 1, p. B42-B49
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2801871

Mathematical Modeling of a Cation-Exchange Membrane Containing Two Cations
journal, January 2008
  • Delacourt, Charles; Newman, John
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 155, Issue 11, p. B1210-B1217
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2977960

Activation of carbon dioxide: nickel-catalyzed electrochemical carboxylation of diynes
journal, April 1993
  • Derien, Sylvie; Clinet, Jean Claude; Dunach, Elisabet
  • The Journal of Organic Chemistry, Vol. 58, Issue 9, p. 2578-2588
  • DOI: 10.1021/jo00061a038

Electrochemical and Surface Studies of Carbon Dioxide Reduction to Methane and Ethylene at Copper Electrodes in Aqueous Solutions
journal, January 1989
  • DeWulf, David W.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 6, p. 1686-1691
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2096993

The electrochemical reduction of CO2 to CH4 and C2H4 at Cu/Nafion electrodes (solid polymer electrolyte structures)
journal, January 1988
  • Dewulf, David W.; Bard, Allen J.
  • Catalysis Letters, Vol. 1, Issue 1-3, p. 73-79
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00765357

Influence of substituted benzaldehydes and their derivatives as inhibitors for hydrogen evolution in lead/acid batteries
journal, February 1995

Influence of adsorption processes on the CO2 electroreduction: An electrochemical mass spectrometry study
journal, August 2005

Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide catalyzed by [Pd(triphosphine)(solvent)](BF4)2 complexes: synthetic and mechanistic studies
journal, November 1991
  • DuBois, Daniel L.; Miedaner, Alex; Haltiwanger, R. Curtis
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 113, Issue 23, p. 8753-8764
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja00023a023

Improved yields of oxalate, glyoxylate and glycolate from the electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide in methanol
journal, January 1997
  • Eggins, B. R.; Ennis, C.; McConnell, R.
  • Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, Vol. 27, Issue 6, p. 706-712
  • DOI: 10.1023/A:1018444022321

Voltammetry of carbon dioxide: Part I. A general survey of voltammetry at different electrode materials in different solvents
journal, June 1983
  • Eggins, Brian R.; McNeill, Joanne
  • Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry and Interfacial Electrochemistry, Vol. 148, Issue 1, p. 17-24
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0022-0728(83)80127-2

Electrocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide by using macrocycles of nickel and cobalt
journal, September 1980
  • Fisher, Barbara J.; Eisenberg, Richard
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 102, Issue 24, p. 7361-7363
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja00544a035

The effect of quaternary ammonium salts on the anodic oxidation of ethanol
journal, February 1985

Bioinspired Energy Conversion Systems for Hydrogen Production and Storage
journal, March 2008
  • Fukuzumi, Shunichi
  • European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 2008, Issue 9, p. 1351-1362
  • DOI: 10.1002/ejic.200701369

High performance RuPd catalysts for CO2 reduction at gas-diffusion electrodes
journal, June 1997
  • Furuya, Nagakazu; Yamazaki, Tsuyoshi; Shibata, Masami
  • Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 431, Issue 1, p. 39-41
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0022-0728(97)00159-9

A review of the aqueous electrochemical reduction of CO2 to hydrocarbons at copper
journal, August 2006

Electrochemical reduction of CO2 to hydrocarbons to store renewable electrical energy and upgrade biogas
journal, April 2007

Electrochemical decomposition of choline chloride based ionic liquid analogues
journal, January 2009
  • Haerens, Kurt; Matthijs, Edward; Binnemans, Koen
  • Green Chemistry, Vol. 11, Issue 9, p. 1357-1365
  • DOI: 10.1039/b906318h

Electrochemical evidence of intermediate formation of adsorbed CO in cathodic reduction of CO2 at a nickel electrode
journal, November 1990

Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide at various series of copper single crystal electrodes
journal, May 2003

Electrochemical CO2 Reduction on Metal Electrodes
book, January 2008

Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide at a series of platinum single crystal electrodes
journal, August 2000

Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide on kinked stepped surfaces of platinum inside the stereographic triangle
journal, January 2003

Electrochemical reduction of CO2 on single crystal electrodes of silver Ag(111), Ag(100) and Ag(110)
journal, December 1997
  • Hoshi, Nagahiro; Kato, Makiko; Hori, Yoshio
  • Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 440, Issue 1-2, p. 283-286
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0022-0728(97)00447-6

Electro-reduction of carbon dioxide to formate on lead electrode in aqueous medium
journal, September 2008
  • Innocent, B.; Liaigre, D.; Pasquier, D.
  • Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, Vol. 39, Issue 2, p. 227-232
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10800-008-9658-4

Solvent-free synthesis of substituted ureas from CO2 and amines with a functional ionic liquid as the catalyst
journal, January 2008
  • Jiang, Tao; Ma, Xiumin; Zhou, Yinxi
  • Green Chemistry, Vol. 10, Issue 4, p. 465-469
  • DOI: 10.1039/b717868a

Some Reactions of Atomic Hydrogen
journal, November 1929
  • Urey, H. C.; Lavin, G. I.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 51, Issue 11, p. 3286-3290
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja01386a016

Formose sugars from formaldehyde
journal, September 1981

Two routes to formaldehyde from formic acid on TiO2(001) surfaces
journal, March 1996

Palladium-Catalyzed Reppe Carbonylation
journal, November 2001
  • Kiss, Gabor
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 101, Issue 11, p. 3435-3456
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr010328q

Recent advances in the homogeneous hydrogenation of carbon dioxide
journal, December 2004
  • Jessop, Philip G.; Joó, Ferenc; Tai, Chih-Cheng
  • Coordination Chemistry Reviews, Vol. 248, Issue 21-24, p. 2425-2442
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ccr.2004.05.019

Decomposition and Reforming of Formic Acid on Supported Au Catalysts: Production of CO-Free H2
journal, July 2011
  • Gazsi, A.; Bánsági, T.; Solymosi, F.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 115, Issue 31, p. 15459-15466
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp203751w

Linked strategy for the production of fuels via formose reaction
journal, February 2013
  • Deng, Jin; Pan, Tao; Xu, Qing
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 3, Article No. 1244
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep01244

Particle size effect for oxygen reduction and methanol oxidation on Pt/C inside a proton exchange membrane
journal, August 1994
  • Kabbabi, A.; Gloaguen, F.; Andolfatto, F.
  • Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 373, Issue 1-2, p. 251-254
  • DOI: 10.1016/0022-0728(94)03503-2

Electrochemical Reduction Of Carbon Dioxide Using Gas Diffusion Electrodes Loaded With Fine Catalysts
conference, January 2009
  • Ikeda, Shoichiro; Ito, Kaname; Noda, Hidetomo
  • AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1136, Issue 1, Article No. 108
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3160110